Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Industry 2016 Market Research Report

Published: May 20, 2016 | Pages: 131 | Publisher: QYResearch | Industry: Machinery | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

The United States  Flow Peristaltic Pump Industry 2016 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Flow Peristaltic Pump industry.

The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Flow Peristaltic Pump market analysis is provided for the United States  markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status.

Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and Bill of Materials cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins.

The report focuses on United States  major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The Flow Peristaltic Pump industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered.

With 148 tables and figures the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.


 Table of Contents
1 Industry Overview 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.2 Classification of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.3 Applications of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.4 Industry Chain Structure of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.5 Industry Overview of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.6 Industry Policy Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 1.7 Industry News Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.1 Bill of Materials (BOM) of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.2 BOM Price Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.3 Labor Cost Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.4 Depreciation Cost Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.5 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.6 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2.7 United States Price, Cost and Gross of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 3 Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis 3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date of United States Key Manufacturers in 2015 3.2 Manufacturing Plants Distribution of United States Key Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2015 3.3 R&D Status and Technology Source of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 3.4 Raw Materials Sources Analysis of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 4 Production Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions, Type, and Applications 4.1 United States Production of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 4.2 United States Production of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Type 2011-2016 4.3 United States Sales of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2011-2016 4.4 Price Analysis of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 4.5 United States Capacity, Production, Import, Export, Sales, Price, Cost and Revenue of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 5 Consumption Volume and Consumption Value Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 5.1 United States Consumption Volume of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 5.2 United States Consumption Value of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 5.3 United States Consumption Price Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 6 Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Production, Supply, Sales and Market Status 2011-2016 6.1 Capacity, Production, Sales, and Revenue of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 6.2 Production Market Share and Sales Market Share Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2014-2015 6.3 Sales Overview of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 6.4 Supply, Consumption and Gap of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 6.5 Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 6.6 Cost, Price, Revenue and Gross Margin of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 7 Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Industry Key Manufacturers 7.1 Watson-Marlow 7.1.1 Company Profile 7.1.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.1.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.1.4 Watson-Marlow SWOT Analysis 7.2 Cole-Parmer 7.2.1 Company Profile 7.2.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.2.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.2.4 Cole-Parmer SWOT Analysis 7.3 VERDER 7.3.1 Company Profile 7.3.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.3.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.3.4 VERDER SWOT Analysis 7.4 ProMinent 7.4.1 Company Profile 7.4.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.4.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.4.4 ProMinent SWOT Analysis 7.5 THOMAS 7.5.1 Company Profile 7.5.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.5.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.5.4 THOMAS SWOT Analysis 7.6 Randolph 7.6.1 Company Profile 7.6.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.6.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.6.4 Randolph SWOT Analysis 7.7 IDEX Health&Science 7.7.1 Company Profile 7.7.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.7.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.7.4 IDEX Health&Science SWOT Analysis 7.8 Flowrox 7.8.1 Company Profile 7.8.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.8.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.8.4 Flowrox SWOT Analysis 7.9 Gilson 7.9.1 Company Profile 7.9.2 Product Picture and Specification 7.9.3 Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross, and Revenue 7.9.4 Gilson SWOT Analysis ... 8 Price and Gross Margin Analysis 8.1 Analysis of Price 8.2 Gross Margin Analysis 8.3 Price Comparison by Regions 8.4 Price Analysis of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Product Types 8.5 Market Share Analysis of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Price Levels 8.6 Gross Margin Analysis of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Applications 9 Marketing Trader or Distributor Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 9.1 Marketing Channels Status of Flow Peristaltic Pump 9.2 Traders or Distributors of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 9.3 Ex-work Price, Channel Price and End Buyer Price Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 9.4 United States Import, Export and Trade Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 10 Development Trend of Flow Peristaltic Pump Industry 2016-2021 10.1 Capacity and Production Overview of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 10.2 Production Market Share by Product Types of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 10.3 Sales and Sales Revenue Overview of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 10.4 United States Sales of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2016-2021 10.5 Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 10.6 Cost, Price, Revenue and Gross Margin of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 11 Industry Chain Suppliers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 11.1 Major Raw Materials Suppliers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 11.2 Manufacturing Equipment Suppliers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 11.3 Major Players of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 11.4 Key Consumers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information 11.5 Supply Chain Relationship Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 12 New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 12.1 New Project SWOT Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 12.2 New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 13 Conclusion of the United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Industry 2016 Market Research Report
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Product Specifications of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Classification of Flow Peristaltic Pump Figure United States Sales Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Product Types in 2015 Table Applications of Flow Peristaltic Pump Figure United States Sales Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications in 2015 Figure Industry Chain Structure of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table United States Industry Overview of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Industry Policy of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Industry News List of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Bill of Materials (BOM) of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Bill of Materials (BOM) Price of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Labor Cost of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Depreciation Cost of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump in 2015 Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table United States Price Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (USD/Unit) Table United States Cost Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (USD/Unit) Table United States Gross Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Table Capacity (K Units) and Commercial Production Date of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 Table Manufacturing Plants Distribution of United States Key Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2015 Table R&D Status and Technology Source of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 Table Raw Materials Sources Analysis of United States and United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 Table United States Production of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2014 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2015 Table United States Production of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Types in 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Type in 2011-2016 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Type in 2014 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Type in 2015 Table United States Sales of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2011-2016 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications in 2014 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications in 2015 Table Price Comparison of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Key Manufacturers in 2015 (USD/Unit) Table United States Capacity, Production, Import Export Sales Price , Cost and Revenue (M USD) of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Table United States Consumption Volume of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Consumption Volume Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 Figure United States Consumption Volume Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2014 Figure United States Consumption Volume Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2015 Table United States Consumption Value of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 (M USD) Table United States Consumption Value Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 Figure United States Consumption Value Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2014 Figure United States Consumption Value Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions in 2015 Table Consumption Price of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 (USD/Unit) Table United States and Major Manufacturers Capacity of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Capacity Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers 2011-2016 Table United States and Major Manufacturers Production of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Production Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers 2011-2016 Table United States and Major Manufacturers Sales of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Sales Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers 2011-2016 Table United States and Major Manufacturers Sales Revenue of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (M USD) Table United States Sales Revenue Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers 2011-2016 Figure United States Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Figure United States Capacity Utilization Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Figure United States Sales Revenue (M USD) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Figure United States Production Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2014 Figure United States Production Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2015 Figure United States Sales Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2014 Figure United States Sales Market Share of Major Flow Peristaltic Pump Manufacturers in 2015 Figure United States Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Table United States Supply, Consumption and Gap of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (K Units) Table United States Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (K Units) Table Price of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Major Manufacturers 2011-2016 (USD/Unit) Table Gross Margin of United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Major Manufacturers 2011-2016 Table United States and Major Manufacturers Revenue of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 (M USD) Table United States Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2011-2016 Table Watson-Marlow Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of Watson-Marlow Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Watson-Marlow 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Watson-Marlow 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of Watson-Marlow 2011-2016 Table Watson-Marlow Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table Cole-Parmer Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of Cole-Parmer Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Cole-Parmer 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Cole-Parmer 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of Cole-Parmer 2011-2016 Table Cole-Parmer Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table VERDER Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of VERDER Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of VERDER 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of VERDER 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of VERDER 2011-2016 Table VERDER Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table ProMinent Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of ProMinent Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of ProMinent 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of ProMinent 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of ProMinent 2011-2016 Table ProMinent Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table THOMAS Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of THOMAS Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of THOMAS 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of THOMAS 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of THOMAS 2011-2016 Table THOMAS Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table Randolph Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of Randolph Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Randolph 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Randolph 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of Randolph 2011-2016 Table Randolph Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table IDEX Health&Science Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of IDEX Health&Science Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of IDEX Health&Science 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of IDEX Health&Science 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of IDEX Health&Science 2011-2016 Table IDEX Health&Science Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table Flowrox Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of Flowrox Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Flowrox 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Flowrox 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of Flowrox 2011-2016 Table Flowrox Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table Gilson Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc) Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Picture and Specifications of Gilson Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Gilson 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Gilson 2011-2016 Figure Flow Peristaltic Pump Production (K Units) and United States Market Share of Gilson 2011-2016 Table Gilson Flow Peristaltic Pump SWOT Analysis Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Price by Regions 2011-2016 Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Price by Product Types 2011-2016 Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Price by Companies 2011-2016 Table Flow Peristaltic Pump Gross Margin by Companies 2011-2016 Table Price Comparison of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Regions 2011-2016 (USD/Unit) Table Price of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Product Types (USD/Unit) Table Market Share of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Price Level Table Gross Margin of Different Flow Peristaltic Pump Applications Table Marketing Channels Status of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Traders or Distributors of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information Table Ex-work Price, Channel Price and End Buyer Price of Flow Peristaltic Pump (USD/Unit) in 2015 Table United States Import, Export, and Trade of Flow Peristaltic Pump (K Units) Figure United States Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 Figure United States Capacity Utilization Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 Table United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Production by Type 2016-2021 (K Units) Table United States Flow Peristaltic Pump Production Market Share by Type 2016-2021 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Type in 2021 Figure United States Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 Figure United States Sales Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 Figure United States Sales of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2016-2021 (K Units) Table United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications 2016-2021 Figure United States Production Market Share of Flow Peristaltic Pump by Applications in 2021 Table United States Production, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 (K Units) Table United States Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Flow Peristaltic Pump 2016-2021 Table Major Raw Materials Suppliers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information Table Manufacturing Equipment Suppliers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information Table Major Players of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information Table Key Consumers of Flow Peristaltic Pump with Contact Information Table Supply Chain Relationship Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table New Project SWOT Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis of Flow Peristaltic Pump Table Part of Interviewees Record List



To request a free sample copy of this report, please complete the form below.

This website is secure and your personal details are safe. Privacy policy

Global intelligent transportation system (ITS) market is estimated to attain USD 38.68 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Cost effectiveness along with escalating need for road safety is likely to boost global dem

Read More...

Global microcontroller market is estimated to be valued at USD 26.9 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Growing demand in key application areas such as automotive, consumer electronics and healthcare is expected to

Read More...

Global agricultural films market size is anticipated to reach USD 10.5 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing need to raise agricultural productivity, in order to meet surplus demand by growing population i

Read More...

Global heat transfer fluids market size is likely to be valued at USD 3.7 billion by 2020; as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing demand for for heat recovery management in industries such as metal processing, pharmaceutica

Read More...

Global data center UPS market size is estimated to reach USD 5.7 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Declining tolerance levels pertaining to data loss along with amplifying acceptance of cloud computing is likely

Read More...
Choose License Type
Single User - US $3800
Multi User - US $7600
Why Choose Us

24/5 Research support

Get your queries resolved from an industry expert. Request for a free product review before report purchase.

Phone: 1-415-349-0054

Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

Email: [email protected]

Custom research service

Speak to the report author to design an exclusive study to serve your research needs.

Quality assurance

A testimonial for service excellence represented in the form of BBB "A" Accreditation.

Information security

Your personal and confidential information is safe and secure.

verify