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The Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Market: 2016 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Published: May 22, 2016 | Pages: 529 | Publisher: SNS Research | Industry: Telecommunications | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Due to the bandwidth limitations of their traditional voice-centric LMR (Land Mobile Radio) networks, public safety agencies are keen to leverage commercial cellular network technology to support their growing broadband application needs. Considering its thriving ecosystem, spectrum flexibility and performance metrics, LTE has emerged as the leading candidate for public safety mobile broadband networks.  In addition, with the recent approval of the MCPTT (Mission Critical Push to Talk) voice standard as part of 3GPP Release 13, LTE has also become an attractive substitute for providing LMR-like voice services.

The Qatar Ministry of Interior made headlines when it deployed a private 800 MHz LTE network in 2012. Since then, numerous public safety LTE networks have sprung up across the globe, including the UAE, China, Laos, Turkey and Kenya.  Several early adopter LTE deployments are also operational in the United States, as part of the planned FirstNet nationwide public safety broadband network. While most initial public safety LTE investments are limited to small-scale networks, nationwide rollouts in the United States and South Korea are expected to trigger significant large-scale investments throughout the globe. 

The European market is largely dominated by MVNO arrangements, such as the UK Home Office’s ESN (Emergency Services Network) program that will use EE’s commercial LTE network to deliver prioritized mission critical voice and data services for the UK’s public safety agencies. As part of the program, EE is enhancing its existing network with additional sites, satellite backhaul and a dedicated mobile core for first responders, among other investments.

Driven by the thriving ecosystem, SNS Research estimates that annual investments on public safety LTE infrastructure will reach $600 Million by the end of 2016. The market, which includes base stations (eNBs), mobile core and transport networking gear, is further expected to grow at a CAGR of 33% over the next four years. By 2020, these infrastructure investments will be complemented by over 4.4 Million LTE device shipments, including smartphones, rugged handheld terminals and vehicular routers.

The “Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Market: 2016 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the global public safety LTE market, besides touching upon the wider LMR and mobile broadband industries. In addition to covering the business case, challenges, technology, spectrum allocation, industry roadmap, value chain, deployment case studies, vendor products, strategies, standardization initiatives and applications ecosystem for public safety LTE, the report also presents comprehensive forecasts for mobile broadband, LMR and public safety LTE subscriptions from 2016 till 2030. Also covered are public safety LTE service revenues, over both private and commercial networks. In addition, the report presents revenue forecasts for public safety LTE infrastructure, devices, integration services and management solutions. 

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report, as well as a list and associated details of over 90 global public safety LTE network commitments (as of Q2’2016).

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:
 - Business case for public safety LTE and mobile broadband services, including key benefits and challenges
 - Technology, economics, trends, commercial commitments and deployment case studies
 - List of public safety LTE engagements worldwide
 - Public safety LTE infrastructure, devices and applications
 - Industry roadmap, value chain and standardization initiatives
 - Spectrum allocation, deployment models and funding strategies
 - Profiles and strategies of over 260 ecosystem players including public safety system integrators and LTE infrastructure/device OEMs
 - TCO analysis of private and commercial public safety LTE deployments
 - Military and tactical LTE deployments
 - Public safety LTE base station (eNB) form factor analysis
 - Exclusive interview transcripts from 5 key ecosystem players: Ericsson, Airbus Defence and Space, Sepura, Aricent and Parallel Wireless
 - Strategic recommendations for vendors, system integrators, public safety agencies and mobile operators
 - Market analysis and forecasts from 2016 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Public Safety LTE Infrastructure
Submarkets
- RAN (Radio Access Network)
- EPC (Evolved Packet Core) and Policy
- Mobile Backhaul and Transport 
RAN Base Station (eNB) Mobility Categories
- Fixed Base Stations
- Transportable Base Stations
RAN Base Station (eNB) Cell Size Categories
- Macrocells
- Small Cells
Transportable RAN Base Station (eNB) Form Factor Categories
- NIB (Network-in-a-Box)
- VNS (Vehicle Network System)
- SOW (System-on-Wheels)
- Airborne Platforms

Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions
Submarkets
- Network Integration & Testing
- Device Management & User Services
- Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance
- Cybersecurity

Public Safety LTE Devices
Submarkets
- Private LTE
- Commercial LTE
Form Factor Categories
- Smartphones & Handportable Terminals
- Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals
- Tablets & Notebook PCs
- USB Dongles & Others

Public Safety LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue
Submarkets
- Private LTE
- Commercial LTE

Public Safety User Subscriptions over Private Mobile Broadband 
Submarkets
- Private LTE
- Private WiMAX

Public Safety User Subscriptions over Commercial Mobile Broadband 
Submarkets
- 3G
- WiMAX
- LTE
- 5G & Beyond

LMR Subscriptions
Submarkets
- Analog
- DMR
- dPMR, NXDN & PDT
- P25
- TETRA
- Tetrapol
- Others

LMR Data Subscriptions
Submarkets
- P25 - Phase 1
- P25 - Phase 2
- TETRA
- TEDS
- Tetrapol
- Others

Public Safety LTE Applications
Submarkets
- Video Applications
- GIS, AVLS and Mapping
- Mobile VPN Access & Security
- CAD (Computer Aided Dispatching)
- Remote Database Access
- Telemetry and Remote Diagnostics
- Bulk Multimedia/Data Transfers
- PTT & Voice over LTE
- Situational Awareness Applications

Regional Segmentation
- Asia Pacific
- Eastern Europe
- Latin & Central America
- Middle East & Africa
- North America
- Western Europe

Key Questions Answered 

The report provides answers to the following key questions:
 - How big is the public safety LTE opportunity?
 - What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
 - How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
 - What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
 - Which regions and submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
 - How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE for public safety applications?
 - When will MCPTT and proximity services see large scale proliferation?
 - What is the status of private LTE rollouts and public safety MVNO offerings across the globe?
 - What opportunities exist for commercial mobile operators and MVNOs in the public safety LTE market?
 - Is there a market for 400 MHz LTE networks?
 - What are the prospects of tactical, vehicle-mounted and airborne LTE eNB platforms?
 - How can public safety agencies leverage unused spectrum resources to fund private LTE networks?
 - What strategies should system integrators and vendors adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:
 - SNS Research estimates that annual investments on public safety LTE infrastructure will reach $600 Million by the end of 2016. The market, which includes base stations (eNBs), mobile core and transport networking gear, is further expected to grow at a CAGR of 33% over the next four years.
 - By 2020, these infrastructure investments will be complemented by over 4.4 Million LTE device shipments, including smartphones, rugged handheld terminals and vehicular routers.
 - Following the Qatar Ministry of Interior’s private 800 MHz LTE network deployment in 2012, multiple private LTE rollouts are underway by security forces throughout the oil rich GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) region, including the Abu Dhabi and Dubai police forces.
 - Driven by nationwide public safety LTE network rollouts in the United States and South Korea, the North America and Asia Pacific regions will account for nearly 70% of all public safety LTE investments over the next four years.
 - Almost all major LMR industry players are leveraging partnerships with established LTE infrastructure OEMs such as Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei and Samsung, to offer end-to-end LTE solutions.
 - Consolidation efforts are continuing to take place throughout the industry, particularly among the largest LTE infrastructure OEMs and public safety system integrators.
 Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction  24
1.1 Executive Summary  24
1.2 Topics Covered  26
1.3 Forecast Segmentation  27
1.4 Key Questions Answered  29
1.5 Key Findings  30
1.6 Methodology  31
1.7 Target Audience  32
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned  33

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of the Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market  39
2.1 Narrowband LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Systems in Public Safety  39
2.1.1 LMR Market Size  40
2.1.1.1 Analog LMR  41
2.1.1.2 DMR  41
2.1.1.3 dPMR, NXDN & PDT  42
2.1.1.4 P25  42
2.1.1.5 TETRA  43
2.1.1.6 Tetrapol  43
2.1.1.7 Other LMR Technologies  44
2.1.2 The Perceived Role of Mobile Broadband in Public Safety Scenarios  44
2.1.3 The Limitations of LMR Data Capabilities  44
2.2 Mobile Broadband for Public Safety  45
2.2.1 Partnerships with Commercial Mobile Operators  45
2.2.2 Private LTE and WiMAX Deployments  45
2.3 How Big is the Mobile Broadband Market?  46
2.3.1 Will the Public Safety Segment Witness the Same Level of Growth as the Consumer Segment?  47
2.3.2 What are the Growth Drivers?  47
2.3.3 Will LMR Systems Continue to Support Mission-Critical Voice?  48
2.4 The Use of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technology for Public Safety  49
2.5 Why LTE?  49
2.5.1 Performance Metrics  49
2.5.2 Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility  50
2.5.3 A Thriving Ecosystem  50
2.5.4 OPEX Reduction  51
2.6 Public Safety LTE Technology & Architecture  52
2.6.1 E-UTRAN – The LTE RAN (Radio Access Network)  53
2.6.2 TDD vs. FDD  54
2.6.3 UE (User Equipment)  54
2.6.3.1 Smartphones & Handportable Terminals 54
2.6.3.2 Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals  55
2.6.3.3 Tablets & Notebook PCs 55
2.6.3.4 USB Dongles & Others 55
2.6.4 EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core  56
2.6.4.1 SGW (Serving Gateway)  56
2.6.4.2 PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)  56
2.6.4.3 MME (Mobility Management Entity)  56
2.6.4.4 HSS (Home Subscriber Server)  57
2.6.4.5 PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function)  57
2.6.5 LMR Network Integration and Inter-Working  57
2.6.6 Support for Roaming in Public Safety LTE  58
2.6.7 Inter-System Roaming  58
2.6.8 Intra-System Roaming to Commercial Carriers  59
2.7 LTE-Advanced & 5G: Implications for Public Safety  60
2.7.1 The Move Towards LTE-Advanced Networks  60
2.7.2 Impact on Public Safety LTE Rollouts 60
2.7.3 5G Requirements: Looking Towards the Future  61
2.8 Public Safety LTE Deployment Models  62
2.8.1 Private Public Safety LTE  62
2.8.2 Shared Commercial Public Safety LTE: Private-Public Partnerships  62
2.8.3 Public Safety LTE Access over Commercial Networks  63
2.8.4 Hosted Core Public Safety LTE Networks  63
2.9 Funding Models for Private Public Safety LTE Network Deployment  63
2.9.1 BOO (Built, Owned and Operated) by Integrator/Vendor 63
2.9.2 Owned and Operated by the Government Authority  64
2.9.3 Local Agency Hosted Core  64
2.9.4 Multiple Networks  64
2.10 The Public Safety LTE Business Case  65
2.10.1 Higher Throughput and Low Latency  65
2.10.2 Economic Feasibility  65
2.10.3 Bandwidth Flexibility  65
2.10.4 Spectral Efficiency  66
2.10.5 Regional Interoperability  66
2.10.6 Lack of Competition from Other Standards  66
2.10.7 Endorsement from the Public Safety Community  67
2.10.8 Commitments by Infrastructure and Device Vendors  67
2.10.9 QoS & Priority Provisioning  68
2.10.10 Support for Group Voice & Multimedia Communication  68
2.11 Challenges to the Public Safety LTE Ecosystem  69
2.11.1 Spectrum Allocation  69
2.11.2 Interworking with LMR Networks & Standardization 70
2.11.3 Budgetary Issues  70
2.11.4 Security & Resilience  71
2.11.5 Support for Mission-Critical Voice and Direct Mode-Operation  71
2.11.6 Smaller Coverage Footprint than LMR Systems  72
2.11.7 Device Battery Life in Public Safety Scenarios  72
2.11.8 User Profiles to Fit Public Safety Requirements  73

3 Chapter 3: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain  74
3.1 Industry Roadmap  74
3.1.1 2011 – 2014: Small-Scale Private LTE Rollouts  75
3.1.2 2015 – 2019: Early Nationwide Rollouts & Maturation of Standards  75
3.1.3 2020 & Beyond: Large Scale Proliferation with Native Mission-Critical Capabilities  76
3.2 Value Chain  77
3.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers  77
3.2.2 RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure OEMs  78
3.2.3 Device OEMs  78
3.2.4 System Integrators  79
3.2.5 Application Developers  79
3.2.6 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists  79
3.2.7 Mobile Operators  79
3.2.8 MVNOs  80
3.2.9 Public Safety Agencies  80

4 Chapter 4: Review of Major Public Safety LTE Engagements  81
4.1 FirstNet (First Responder Network Authority)  81
4.1.1 Funding Prospects & Strategies  82
4.1.2 Proposed Revenue Model  82
4.1.3 Seeking Partnerships  83
4.1.4 Technical Constraints  83
4.1.5 Moving Towards the Applications Ecosystem  84
4.1.6 Status of “Early Builder” Ventures  84
4.1.6.1 LA-RICS (Los Angeles Regional Interoperable Communications System)  84
4.1.6.2 ADCOM-911 (Adams County Communications Center)  85
4.1.6.3 State of New Mexico  86
4.1.6.4 JerseyNet  86
4.1.6.5 Harris County  87
4.1.7 Contract Award & Deployment Timeline  88
4.1.7.1 RFP Summary  88
4.1.7.2 The Financials  89
4.1.7.3 Key Bidders  89
4.1.7.4 Participation of Mobile Operators  90
4.1.8 Inclusion of 3GPP Release 13 Features  90
4.1.9 Usage of VNS (Vehicle Network System) Platforms  91
4.1.10 “Opt-Out” Opportunities  91
4.2 UK’s ESN (Emergency Services Network)  93
4.2.1 Leveraging Commercial Networks  93
4.2.2 Cost Savings  93
4.2.3 Key Applications  94
4.2.4 Contract Award & Deployment Timeline  94
4.2.4.1 Mobile Services  95
4.2.4.2 User Services  95
4.2.4.3 Transition Plans  96
4.3 South Korea’s National Disaster Safety Communications Network  97
4.3.1 Contract Award & Deployment Timeline  97
4.3.1.1 Initial Contracts for Pilot Rollouts  97
4.3.1.2 Nationwide RFP  98
4.3.1.3 Phased Deployment Plan  98
4.3.2 Key Applications  99
4.3.3 Integration with Railway & Maritime Networks 99
4.4 Other Deployment Case Studies  100
4.4.1 Abu Dhabi Police  100
4.4.2 French Army  101
4.4.3 German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr)  102
4.4.4 Kenyan Police Service  103
4.4.5 Lijiang Police  104
4.4.6 Nedaa  105
4.4.7 Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior)  106
4.4.8 Shanghai Police Department  107
4.4.9 Telstra LANES (LTE Advanced Network for Emergency Services)  108
4.4.10 Zhengzhou Metro  109

5 Chapter 5: Public Safety LTE and Mobile Broadband Applications Ecosystem . 110
5.1 Mobile Video  110
5.2 Mobile Broadband and Seamless Mobile VPN Access  111
5.3 GIS, AVLS and Mapping  111
5.4 CAD (Computer Aided Dispatching)  112
5.5 Remote Database Access  112
5.6 Telemetry and Remote Diagnostics  112
5.7 Bulk Multimedia/Data Transfers  113
5.8 Situational Awareness Applications  113
5.9 PTT over LTE  113
5.10 The Present State of the Market: What’s on Offer  114
5.11 The Numbers: How Big is the Public Safety LTE Applications Ecosystem?  115

6 Chapter 6: Key Ecosystem Players  116
6.1 Aaeon Technology  116
6.2 Accelleran  117
6.3 AceAxis  118
6.4 Aculab  119
6.5 Adax  120
6.6 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)  121
6.7 Advantech  122
6.8 Advantech Wireless  123
6.9 Affarii Technologies  124
6.10 Affirmed Networks  125
6.11 Airbus Defence and Space  126
6.12 Air-Lynx  128
6.13 Airspan Networks  129
6.14 Altiostar Networks  130
6.15 Amdocs  131
6.16 Anritsu Corporation  132
6.17 Arcadyan Technology Corporation  133
6.18 Argela  134
6.19 Aricent  135
6.20 ARItel  136
6.21 Arqiva  137
6.22 Artemis Networks  138
6.23 Aselsan  139
6.24 ASOCS  140
6.25 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)  141
6.26 AT&T  142
6.27 Athena Wireless Communications  143
6.28 Athonet  144
6.29 Avanti Communications Group  145
6.30 AVI  146
6.31 Aviat Networks  147
6.32 Avtec  148
6.33 Axis Communications  149
6.34 Axis Teknologies  150
6.35 Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates)  151
6.36 BandRich  152
6.37 Barrett Communications  153
6.38 BFDX  154
6.39 Bittium Corporation  155
6.40 Black Box Corporation  156
6.41 Blackned  157
6.42 Broadcom  158
6.43 Brocade Communications Systems  159
6.44 BTI Wireless  160
6.45 CalAmp Corporation  161
6.46 Casio Computer Company  162
6.47 Caterpillar  163
6.48 Cavium 164
6.49 CCI (Communication Components Inc.)  165
6.50 CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)  166
6.51 CCI (Crown Castle International)  167
6.52 CCTI (Catalyst Communications Technologies, Inc.)  168
6.53 Ceragon  169
6.54 Ciena Corporation  170
6.55 Cisco Systems  171
6.56 Cobham  172
6.57 Codan Radio Communications  174
6.58 Comba Telecom Systems Holdings  175
6.59 CommAgility  176
6.60 CommandWear Systems  177
6.61 CommScope  178
6.62 Comtech Telecommunications Corporation  180
6.63 CONET Technologies  181
6.64 Contela  182
6.65 Core Network Dynamics  183
6.66 Coriant  184
6.67 Corning  185
6.68 Covia Labs  186
6.69 Cradlepoint  187
6.70 Dali Wireless  188
6.71 DAMM Cellular Systems  189
6.72 DAP Technologies  190
6.73 Datang Mobile  191
6.74 Dell  192
6.75 DeltaNode (Bird Technologies)  193
6.76 Dongwon T&I  194
6.77 DragonWave 195
6.78 DSC (Digital Special Communication)  196
6.79 Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation)  197
6.80 Eastcom  198
6.81 EchoStar Corporation  199
6.82 EE  200
6.83 Elbit Systems  201
6.84 Ericsson  202
6.85 ETELM  203
6.86 Etherstack 204
6.87 Ethertronics  205
6.88 EXACOM  206
6.89 Exalt Communications  207
6.90 EXFO  208
6.91 ExteNet Systems  209
6.92 Federated Wireless  210
6.93 Foxcom  211
6.94 Frequentis  212
6.95 Fujitsu  213
6.96 Galtronics Corporation  214
6.97 Gemtek Technology Company  215
6.98 GENBAND  216
6.99 General Dynamics Mission Systems  217
6.100 Genesis Group 218
6.101 Getac Technology Corporation  219
6.102 Goodman Networks  220
6.103 Goodmill Systems  221
6.104 GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)  222
6.105 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)  223
6.106 Harris Corporation  224
6.107 Hitachi  226
6.108 Honeywell  227
6.109 HP (Hewlett-Packard Company)  228
6.110 HQT Radio  229
6.111 Huawei  230
6.112 Hytera Communications Company  232
6.113 IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)  233
6.114 iCOM  234
6.115 Imtradex  235
6.116 Inmarsat  236
6.117 Intel Corporation  237
6.118 InterDigital  239
6.119 Intersec  240
6.120 Intrepid Networks  241
6.121 ip.access  242
6.122 JDI (JING DENG INDUSTRIAL)  243
6.123 JMA Wireless 244
6.124 JRC (Japan Radio Company)  245
6.125 Juni Global  246
6.126 Juniper Networks  247
6.127 JVCKENWOOD Corporation  248
6.128 Kapsch CarrierCom  249
6.129 Kathrein-Werke KG  250
6.130 KBR  251
6.131 Keysight Technologies 252
6.132 Kirisun Communications  253
6.133 Kisan Telecom  254
6.134 KMW  255
6.135 Kodiak Networks  256
6.136 KT Corporation  257
6.137 Kudelski Group  258
6.138 Kyocera Communications  259
6.139 L-3 Communications Holdings  260
6.140 Lemko Corporation  261
6.141 Leonardo-Finmeccanica  262
6.142 LG Electronics 263
6.143 LGS Innovations  264
6.144 Ligado Networks  265
6.145 LiveViewGPS  266
6.146 Lockheed Martin Corporation 267
6.147 Logic Instrument  268
6.148 Mentura Group  269
6.149 MER-CellO Wireless Solutions  270
6.150 Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group)  271
6.151 Mitel Networks Corporation  272
6.152 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation  273
6.153 MobileDemand  274
6.154 Mobilicom  275
6.155 MODUCOM (MODULAR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS)  276
6.156 Motorola Solutions  277
6.157 MTI Mobile  279
6.158 Mutualink  280
6.159 NEC Corporation  281
6.160 Netas  282
6.161 NetMotion Wireless  283
6.162 New Postcom Equipment Company  284
6.163 Nexius  285
6.164 NextNav  286
6.165 NI (National Instruments) Corporation  287
6.166 Nokia Networks  288
6.167 Northrop Grumman Corporation  290
6.168 nTerop Corporation  291
6.169 Nutaq  292
6.170 Oceus Networks  293
6.171 Octasic  294
6.172 Panasonic Corporation 295
6.173 Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 296
6.174 Panorama Antennas  297
6.175 Parallel Wireless 298
6.176 Pepro  299
6.177 Phonak  300
6.178 Piciorgros (Funk-Electronic Piciorgros)  301
6.179 Polaris Networks  302
6.180 Potevio (China Potevio Company)  303
6.181 Pryme Radio Products  304
6.182 Public Wireless  305
6.183 Puxing Radio  306
6.184 Qualcomm  307
6.185 Quanta Computer  308
6.186 Qucell  309
6.187 Quortus  310
6.188 RACOM  311
6.189 Radio IP  312
6.190 Radisys Corporation  313
6.191 Raytheon Company  314
6.192 Reality Mobile (ASTRO Solutions)  315
6.193 Redline Communications  316
6.194 RELM Wireless  317
6.195 RF Window  318
6.196 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)  319
6.197 Rivada Networks  320
6.198 Rohill  321
6.199 Rosenberger  322
6.200 SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation)  323
6.201 Samji Electronics Company  324
6.202 Samsung Electronics  325
6.203 Savox Communications  326
6.204 Sepura  327
6.205 SerComm Corporation  329
6.206 SES  330
6.207 Sevis Systems  331
6.208 Siemens Convergence Creators  332
6.209 Sierra Wireless  333
6.210 Siklu  334
6.211 Simoco  335
6.212 SiRRAN  336
6.213 SK Telecom  337
6.214 SK Telesys  338
6.215 SLA Corporation  339
6.216 Smith Micro Software  340
6.217 SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies)  341
6.218 Sonic Communications  342
6.219 Sonim Technologies  343
6.220 Space Data  344
6.221 Spectra Group  345
6.222 SpiderCloud Wireless  346
6.223 Spirent Communications  347
6.224 Star Solutions  348
6.225 Stop Noise  349
6.226 Sumitomo Electric Industries  350
6.227 Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company)  351
6.228 Symantec  352
6.229 Tait Communications  353
6.230 Taqua  354
6.231 TCL Communication  355
6.232 Tecom  356
6.233 Tecore  357
6.234 TEKTELIC Communications  358
6.235 Televate  359
6.236 TELEX (Bosch Security Systems)  360
6.237 Telrad Networks 361
6.238 Telum  362
6.239 TESSCO Technologies  363
6.240 TETRAtab  364
6.241 Thales  365
6.242 TI (Texas Instruments)  367
6.243 TITAN Communication Systems  368
6.244 Toshiba Corporation  369
6.245 Tropico  370
6.246 UNIMO Technology  371
6.247 US Digital Designs  372
6.248 Utility Associates  373
6.249 Verizon Communications  374
6.250 ViaSat  375
6.251 Viavi Solutions  376
6.252 Vidyo  377
6.253 Vision Technologies  378
6.254 VMware  379
6.255 West Corporation  380
6.256 Westell Technologies  381
6.257 Wildox (Shenzhen Happy Technology Company)  382
6.258 Winmate  383
6.259 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)  384
6.260 xG Technology 385
6.261 Xplore Technologies Corporation  386
6.262 Z-Com (ZDC Wireless)  387
6.263 Zetron  388
6.264 Zinwave  389
6.265 ZTE  390

7 Chapter 7: Public Safety LTE Spectrum Allocation Strategies  391
7.1 North America  391
7.2 Latin & Central America  392
7.3 Europe  393
7.4 Middle East & Africa  394
7.5 Asia Pacific  395
7.6 The Prospects of Spectrum Harmonization  396
7.6.1 Lobbying From Industry Bodies  396
7.6.2 400 MHz  396
7.6.3 700 MHz  396
7.6.4 Higher Frequencies  397

8 Chapter 8: Market Analysis and Forecasts  398
8.1 The Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market  398
8.1.1 Public Safety Data Subscriptions over Commercial Cellular Networks  398
8.1.2 Data Subscriptions over LMR Networks  399
8.1.3 Public Safety Data Subscriptions over Private Mobile Broadband  400
8.1.3.1 The Unreliability of Commercial Cellular Mobile Broadband Networks  400
8.1.3.2 Private Public Safety LTE and WiMAX Subscriptions Compared  400
8.2 The Global Public Safety LTE Devices Market  402
8.2.1 Private Public Safety LTE Networks  402
8.2.1.1 Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Private Networks  402
8.2.1.2 Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Private Networks  403
8.2.1.3 Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Private Networks  404
8.2.2 Public Safety LTE over Commercial LTE Networks  405
8.2.2.1 Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Commercial Networks  405
8.2.2.2 Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Commercial Networks  406
8.2.2.3 Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Commercial Networks  407
8.2.3 Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Compared  408
8.2.3.1 Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions  408
8.2.3.2 Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments  409
8.2.3.3 Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue 410
8.2.4 Public Safety LTE Device Segmentation by Form Factor  411
8.2.4.1 Smartphones & Handportable Terminals 412
8.2.4.2 Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals  413
8.2.4.3 Tablets & Notebook PCs 414
8.2.4.4 USB Dongles & Others 415
8.3 The Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Market  416
8.3.1 Segmentation by Submarket  417
8.3.2 RAN  418
8.3.3 EPC & Policy  419
8.3.4 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  420
8.3.5 RAN Segmentation by Mobility  421
8.3.5.1 Fixed Base Stations  422
8.3.5.2 Transportable Base Stations  423
8.3.6 RAN Segmentation by Cell Size  424
8.3.6.1 Macrocells  425
8.3.6.2 Small Cells  426
8.3.7 Transportable RAN Segmentation by Form Factor 427
8.3.7.1 NIB (Network-in-a-Box)  428
8.3.7.2 VNS (Vehicle Network System)  429
8.3.7.3 SOW (System-on-Wheels)  430
8.3.7.4 Airborne Platforms  431
8.3.8 Public Safety & Commercial LTE Base Station Shipments Compared  432
8.4 The Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Market  433
8.4.1 Segmentation by Submarket  434
8.4.2 Network Integration & Testing  435
8.4.3 Device Management & User Services  436
8.4.4 Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance  437
8.4.5 Cybersecurity  438
8.5 Regional Market Assessment  439
8.5.1 Asia Pacific  439
8.5.1.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  439
8.5.1.2 Devices  440
8.5.1.3 Infrastructure  441
8.5.1.4 Base Stations  441
8.5.1.5 EPC & Policy  442
8.5.1.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  443
8.5.1.7 Management & Integration Solutions 443
8.5.2 North America  444
8.5.2.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  444
8.5.2.2 Devices  445
8.5.2.3 Infrastructure  446
8.5.2.4 Base Stations  446
8.5.2.5 EPC & Policy  447
8.5.2.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  448
8.5.2.7 Management & Integration Solutions 448
8.5.3 Latin & Central America  449
8.5.3.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  449
8.5.3.2 Devices  450
8.5.3.3 Infrastructure  451
8.5.3.4 Base Stations  451
8.5.3.5 EPC & Policy  452
8.5.3.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  453
8.5.3.7 Management & Integration Solutions 453
8.5.4 Middle East & Africa  454
8.5.4.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  454
8.5.4.2 Devices  455
8.5.4.3 Infrastructure  456
8.5.4.4 Base Stations  456
8.5.4.5 EPC & Policy  457
8.5.4.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  458
8.5.4.7 Management & Integration Solutions 458
8.5.5 Eastern Europe  459
8.5.5.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  459
8.5.5.2 Devices  460
8.5.5.3 Infrastructure  461
8.5.5.4 Base Stations  461
8.5.5.5 EPC & Policy  462
8.5.5.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  463
8.5.5.7 Management & Integration Solutions 463
8.5.6 Western Europe  464
8.5.6.1 Subscriptions & Service Revenue  464
8.5.6.2 Devices  465
8.5.6.3 Infrastructure  466
8.5.6.4 Base Stations  466
8.5.6.5 EPC & Policy  467
8.5.6.6 Mobile Backhaul & Transport  468
8.5.6.7 Management & Integration Solutions 468

9 Chapter 9: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives  469
9.1 NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)  469
9.2 NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)  469
9.3 NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)  470
9.4 PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research)  470
9.5 APCO International (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials)  471
9.6 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)  471
9.7 TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association)  472
9.8 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)  472
9.9 UIC (International Union of Railways)  473
9.10 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)  473
9.11 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)  473
9.12 OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)  474
9.13 Features for Public Safety LTE Standardization  475
9.13.1 OMA’s PCPS (Push-to-Communicate for Public Safety)  475
9.13.2 Building upon PCPS: 3GPP’s MCPTT (Mission Critical PTT)  475
9.13.3 GCSE (Group Communication Service Enablers)  476
9.13.4 GROUPE (Group Based Enhancements)  476
9.13.5 D2D Communication & ProSe (Proximity Services)  476
9.13.6 eProSe (Enhancements to Proximity-based Services)  478
9.13.7 Resilience & IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)  478
9.13.8 Mission Critical Video & Data  479
9.13.9 Higher Power User Terminals  479

10 Chapter 10: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations  480
10.1 Consolidation and Alliances  480
10.1.1 Recent Acquisitions  480
10.1.2 Alliances: Are there More to Come?  481
10.2 Improving Economics: Monetizing Unused Capacity  482
10.3 PTT Standardization: The Key to a Successful Ecosystem  482
10.3.1 Adoption of OMA’s PoC Standards  482
10.3.2 3GPP MCPTT: Timelines for Standardization & Commercial Availability  482
10.3.3 Will China’s B-TrunC Standard Witness International Adoption?  483
10.4 Status of Private LTE Network Rollouts  484
10.4.1 Early Rollouts in the Middle East  484
10.4.2 Increasing Traction in Asia Pacific  484
10.4.3 North America: FirstNet Leading the Way  484
10.4.4 Small-Scale Tactical Deployments in Europe  485
10.4.5 Opportunities in Other Regions  485
10.5 Spectrum: Will 700 MHz Gear Dominate the Market Worldwide?  486
10.5.1 Prospects of 400 MHz LTE  486
10.5.2 TD-LTE and Opportunities for Higher Bands in Public Safety  487
10.6 The Public Safety LTE MVNO Opportunity  487
10.6.1 ASTRID  487
10.6.2 Airwave  488
10.6.3 VIRVE  488
10.7 Revenue Prospects for Commercial Mobile Operators  489
10.7.1 The Opportunity for LTE Service Revenue  489
10.7.2 Dedicated Spectrum for Emergency Services: Telstra LANES  489
10.7.3 Priority Service Offerings: Verizon and AT&T  489
10.7.4 Emerging Business Models: Telefónica’s “LTE in Box”  490
10.7.5 PTT and Dispatch Solutions over LTE  490
10.8 TCO Analysis: Private LTE vs. Public-Private Partnerships 491
10.9 Military & Tactical Deployments Gaining Traction 492
10.10 What Cell Types will Public Safety LTE Networks Encompass? 493
10.10.1 Macrocells  494
10.10.2 Small Cells  495
10.10.3 Macrocell Relay Nodes: Does the Opportunity Exist?  496
10.10.4 VNS (Vehicle Network System) Units  497
10.10.5 Tactical SOW Units  498
10.10.6 Tactical NIB Units  499
10.10.7 Airborne Platforms  500
10.11 Public Safety LTE Mobile Core Investments  501
10.12 Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments  501
10.13 Strategic Recommendations  502
10.13.1 Recommendations for LMR Vendors/Public Safety Integrators  502
10.13.2 Recommendations for LTE Infrastructure Vendors  502
10.13.3 Recommendations for Public Safety Agencies  503
10.13.4 Recommendations for Commercial Mobile Operators  504

11 Chapter 11: Expert Opinion – Interview Transcripts  505
11.1 Ericsson  505
11.2 Airbus Defence and Space  514
11.3 Sepura  520
11.4 Aricent  523
11.5 Parallel Wireless  525
List of Figures

Figure 1: Global LMR Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  40
Figure 2: Global Analog LMR Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  41
Figure 3: Global DMR Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  41
Figure 4: Global dPMR, NXDN & PDT Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  42
Figure 5: Global P25 Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  42
Figure 6: Global TETRA Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 43
Figure 7: Global Tetrapol Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  43
Figure 8: Global Other LMR Technology Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  44
Figure 9: Global Mobile Broadband Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  46
Figure 10: Purpose of Using Mobile Broadband for Public Safety Applications (Survey Results)  48
Figure 11: LTE Speed Compared to 3G & Wi-Fi Networks (Mbps)  50
Figure 12: Global LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  51
Figure 13: Public Safety LTE Network Architecture  52
Figure 14: Global VoLTE (Voice over LTE) Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  58
Figure 15: 5G Requirements  61
Figure 16: Public Safety LTE Industry Roadmap  74
Figure 17: Public Safety LTE Value Chain  77
Figure 18: Key Elements of the FirstNet LTE Network  81
Figure 19: FirstNet RFP Statement of Objectives  88
Figure 20: UK ESN Timeline  96
Figure 21: South Korea’s Public Safety LTE Network Timeline  98
Figure 22: Telstra LANES Concept 108
Figure 23: Global Mobile Video Surveillance Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  110
Figure 24: PTT over LTE Application  114
Figure 25: Global Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Applications Revenue by Category: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 115
Figure 26: Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Subscriptions over Public Networks by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  399
Figure 27: Global LMR Data Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands)  399
Figure 28: Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Subscriptions over Private Networks by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands)  400
Figure 29: Global Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Private Networks: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 402
Figure 30: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Private LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  403
Figure 31: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue over Private LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  403
Figure 32: Global Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Private Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  404
Figure 33: Global Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Commercial LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  405
Figure 34: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Commercial Networks: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  406
Figure 35: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue over Commercial Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  406
Figure 36: Global Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Commercial Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 407
Figure 37: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  408
Figure 38: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  409
Figure 39: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  409
Figure 40: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  410
Figure 41: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  411
Figure 42: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  411
Figure 43: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  412
Figure 44: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  412
Figure 45: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle Mount Router & Terminal Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  413
Figure 46: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle Mount Router & Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  413
Figure 47: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  414
Figure 48: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  414
Figure 49: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle & Other Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  415
Figure 50: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle & Other Device Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  415
Figure 51: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  416
Figure 52: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  417
Figure 53: Global Public Safety LTE RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  418
Figure 54: Global Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  419
Figure 55: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  420
Figure 56: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Mobility: 2016 - 2030  421
Figure 57: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Mobility: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  421
Figure 58: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  422
Figure 59: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  422
Figure 60: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  423
Figure 61: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  423
Figure 62: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2016 - 2030  424
Figure 63: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  424
Figure 64: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  425
Figure 65: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  425
Figure 66: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  426
Figure 67: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  426
Figure 68: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE eNB Base Station Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030  427
Figure 69: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE eNB Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  427
Figure 70: Global Public Safety LTE NIB eNB Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  428
Figure 71: Global Public Safety LTE NIB eNB Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  428
Figure 72: Global Public Safety LTE VNS eNB Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  429
Figure 73: Global Public Safety LTE VNS eNB Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  429
Figure 74: Global Public Safety LTE SOW eNB Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  430
Figure 75: Global Public Safety LTE SOW eNB Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  430
Figure 76: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  431
Figure 77: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  431
Figure 78: Global Public Safety and Commercial LTE Base Station (eNB) Shipments Compared: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  432
Figure 79: Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  433
Figure 80: Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  434
Figure 81: Global Public Safety LTE Network Integration & Testing Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  435
Figure 82: Global Public Safety LTE Device Management & User Services Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 436
Figure 83: Global Public Safety LTE Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  437
Figure 84: Global Public Safety LTE Cybersecurity Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  438
Figure 85: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 439
Figure 86: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  439
Figure 87: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 440
Figure 88: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  440
Figure 89: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  441
Figure 90: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  441
Figure 91: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  442
Figure 92: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  442
Figure 93: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 443
Figure 94: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 443
Figure 95: North America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  444
Figure 96: North America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  444
Figure 97: North America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  445
Figure 98: North America Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  445
Figure 99: North America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  446
Figure 100: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  446
Figure 101: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  447
Figure 102: North America Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  447
Figure 103: North America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  448
Figure 104: North America Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  448
Figure 105: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  449
Figure 106: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  449
Figure 107: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  450
Figure 108: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  450
Figure 109: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  451
Figure 110: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  451
Figure 111: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  452
Figure 112: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  452
Figure 113: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  453
Figure 114: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  453
Figure 115: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  454
Figure 116: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  454
Figure 117: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  455
Figure 118: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  455
Figure 119: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  456
Figure 120: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  456
Figure 121: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 457
Figure 122: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  457
Figure 123: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  458
Figure 124: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  458
Figure 125: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  459
Figure 126: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  459
Figure 127: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  460
Figure 128: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  460
Figure 129: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  461
Figure 130: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  461
Figure 131: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  462
Figure 132: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  462
Figure 133: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  463
Figure 134: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  463
Figure 135: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions)  464
Figure 136: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  464
Figure 137: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  465
Figure 138: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  465
Figure 139: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  466
Figure 140: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030  466
Figure 141: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  467
Figure 142: Western Europe Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  467
Figure 143: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  468
Figure 144: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)  468
Figure 145: LTE ProSe (Proximity Service) Examples  477
Figure 146: TCO Comparison for Private LTE vs. Public-Private Partnership  491
Figure 147: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Installed Base by Cell Size: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  493
Figure 148: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Installed Base: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  494
Figure 149: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Installed Base: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)  495
Figure 150: Global Public Safety LTE VNS eNB Installed Base: 2016 - 2030  497
Figure 151: Global Public Safety LTE SOW eNB Installed Base: 2016 - 2030  498
Figure 152: Global Public Safety LTE NIB eNB Installed Base: 2016 - 2030  499
Figure 153: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Installed Base: 2016 - 2030  500 



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