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The Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Market: 2015 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Published: Jun, 2015 | Pages: 453 | Publisher: SNS Research
Industry: Telecommunications | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Due to the bandwidth limitations of their traditional voice-centric LMR (Land Mobile Radio) networks, public safety agencies are keen to leverage commercial cellular network technology to support their growing broadband application needs. Considering its thriving ecosystem, spectrum flexibility and performance metrics, LTE has emerged as the leading candidate for public safety mobile broadband networks.

Standardization efforts are still underway to enhance the LTE standard for public safety requirements, including MCPTT (Mission Critical PTT) functionality, group communications and proximity services. However, this has not deterred public safety agencies from early deployments of the technology, particularly in the Middle East and Asia Pacific regions. The Qatar MOI made headlines when it deployed a private 800 MHz LTE network to complement its existing TETRA network with broadband applications. Since then, several private LTE networks have sprung up across the globe. For example, the Lijiang Police in China is utilizing a 20 site private LTE network for video surveillance and related applications.

While most initial public safety LTE investments were limited to small scale networks, South Korea’s nationwide public safety LTE rollout is expected to trigger significant large-scale investments throughout the globe.  Several early adopter private LTE deployments are also underway in the United States, as part of the planned FirstNet nationwide network. Europe, on the other hand, is predominantly seeing growing adoption of security hardened MVNO services that utilize commercial LTE networks to provide broadband access for public safety subscribers. However, private LTE pilots are also underway in the region, including engagements with armed forces with a major focus on transportable base station form factors, such as CIAB (Cell-in-a-Box).

Driven by the thriving ecosystem, we expect public safety LTE infrastructure investments to grow at a CAGR of nearly 40% between 2015 and 2020. By the end of 2020, infrastructure investments which include base stations (eNBs), mobile core and mobile backhaul gear will account for over $2 Billion. The market for ruggedized public safety LTE devices will also witness significant growth, with an estimated 4 Million annual device shipments in 2020.

The “Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Market: 2015 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the global public safety LTE market, besides touching upon the wider LMR and mobile broadband industries. In addition to covering the business case, challenges, technology, spectrum allocation, industry roadmap, deployment case studies, vendor products, strategies, standardization initiatives and applications ecosystem for public safety LTE, the report also presents comprehensive forecasts for mobile broadband, LMR and public safety LTE subscriptions from 2015 till 2030. Also covered are public safety LTE service revenues, over both private and commercial networks. In addition, the report presents revenue and unit shipment forecasts for public safety LTE devices and infrastructure.

The report comes with an associated XLS datasheet covering quantitative data from all figures presented within the report, as well as a list and associated details of over 60 global public safety LTE network commitments (as of Q2’2015).

Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics:
 - Business case for public safety LTE and mobile broadband services, including key benefits and challenges
 - Technology, economics, trends, commercial commitments and deployment case studies
 - List of public safety LTE deployments worldwide
 - Public safety LTE infrastructure, devices and applications
 - Industry roadmap and standardization initiatives
 - Spectrum allocation, deployment models and funding strategies
 - Profiles and strategies of over 230 ecosystem players including public safety system integrators and LTE infrastructure/device OEMs
 - TCO analysis of private and commercial public safety LTE deployments
 - Military and tactical LTE deployments
 - Public safety LTE base station (eNB) form factor analysis
 - Exclusive interview transcripts from 6 key ecosystem players: Airbus Defence and Space, Airwave Solutions, CalAmp Corporation, Motorola Solutions, Oceus Networks and Star Solutions
 - Strategic recommendations for vendors, system integrators, public safety agencies and wireless carriers
 - Market analysis and forecasts from 2015 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts and historical figures are provided for each of the following submarkets:

Public Safety LTE (Private) Infrastructure
Submarkets
 - RAN (Radio Access Network)
 - EPC (Evolved Packet Core) and Policy
 - Mobile Backhaul and Transport 

RAN Base Station (eNB) Mobility Categories
 - Fixed Base Stations
 - Transportable Base Stations

RAN Base Station (eNB) Cell Size Categories
 - Macrocells
 - Small Cells

Transportable RAN Base Station (eNB) Form Factor Categories
 - CIAB (Cell-in-a-Box)
 - COW (Cell-on-Wheels)
 - Airborne Cells

Public Safety LTE Devices
Submarkets
 - Private LTE
 - Commercial LTE

Form Factor Categories
 - Smartphones & Handportable Terminals
 - Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals
 - Tablets & Notebook PCs
 - USB Dongles & Others

Public Safety LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue
Submarkets
 - Private LTE
 - Commercial LTE

Public Safety User Subscriptions over Private Mobile Broadband
Submarkets
 - Private LTE
 - Private WiMAX

Public Safety User Subscriptions over Commercial Mobile Broadband
Submarkets
 - CDMA2000/EV-DO
 - W-CDMA/HSPA
 - WiMAX
 - LTE
 - 5G & Beyond

LMR Subscriptions
Submarkets
 - Analog
 - DMR
 - dPMR, NXDN & PDT
 - P25
 - TETRA
 - Tetrapol
 - Others

LMR Data Subscriptions
Submarkets
 - P25 - Phase 1
 - P25 - Phase 2
 - TETRA
 - TEDS
 - Tetrapol
 - Others

Public Safety LTE Applications
Submarkets
 - Video Applications
 - GIS, AVLS and Mapping
 - Mobile VPN Access & Security
 - CAD (Computer Aided Dispatching)
 - Remote Database Access
 - Telemetry and Remote Diagnostics
 - Bulk Multimedia/Data Transfers
 - PTT & Voice over LTE
 - Situational Awareness Applications

Regional Segmentation
The following regional markets are covered:
 - Asia Pacific
 - Eastern Europe
 - Latin & Central America
 - Middle East & Africa
 - North America
 - Western Europe

Key Questions Answered 
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
 - How big is the public safety LTE opportunity?
 - What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
 - How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
 - What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
 - Which countries and submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
 - How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE for public safety applications?
 - When will MCPTT and proximity services see large scale proliferation?
 - What is the status of private LTE rollouts and public safety MVNO offerings across the globe?
 - What opportunities exist for commercial wireless carriers and MVNOs in the public safety LTE market?
 - Is there a market for 400 MHz LTE networks?
 - What are the prospects of tactical, rapidly deployable and airborne LTE solutions?
 - How can public safety agencies leverage unused spectrum resources to fund private LTE networks?
 - What strategies should system integrators and vendors adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings
The report has the following key findings:
 - We expect public safety LTE infrastructure investments to grow at a CAGR of nearly 40% between 2015 and 2020. By the end of 2020, infrastructure investments which include base stations (eNBs), mobile core and mobile backhaul gear will account for over $2 Billion
 - The market for ruggedized public safety LTE devices will witness similar growth, with an estimated 4 Million annual device shipments in 2020
 - By 2020, the installed base of private public safety LTE base stations (eNBs) will reach 150,000. By that time, transportable LTE solutions will account for close to 20% of all public safety LTE infrastructure investments 
 - Commercial carriers and public safety MVNOs will pocket over $8 Billion in public safety LTE service revenue by the end of 2020, following growth at a CAGR of 50% between 2015 and 2020
 - Almost all major LMR industry players are leveraging partnerships with established LTE infrastructure vendors such as Nokia, Huawei, Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, to offer end-to-end LTE solutions
 - Consolidation efforts are continuing to take place throughout the industry, particularly among the largest LTE infrastructure vendors and public safety system integrators
 Table of Content
1	Chapter 1: Introduction	21
1.1	Executive Summary	21
1.2	Key Findings	23
1.3	Topics Covered	24
1.4	Forecast Segmentation	25
1.5	Key Questions Answered	27
1.6	Methodology	28
1.7	Target Audience	29
1.8	Companies Mentioned	30
		
2	Chapter 2: An Overview of the Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market	36
2.1	Narrowband LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Systems in Public Safety	36
2.1.1	LMR Market Size	37
2.1.1.1	Analog LMR	37
2.1.1.2	DMR	38
2.1.1.3	dPMR, NXDN & PDT	38
2.1.1.4	P25	39
2.1.1.5	TETRA	39
2.1.1.6	Tetrapol	40
2.1.1.7	Other LMR Technologies	40
2.1.2	The Perceived Role of Mobile Broadband in Public Safety Scenarios	41
2.1.3	The Limitations of LMR Data Capabilities	41
2.2	Mobile Broadband for Public Safety	42
2.2.1	Partnerships with Commercial Carriers	42
2.2.2	Private LTE and WiMAX Deployments	42
2.3	How Big is the Mobile Broadband Market?	42
2.3.1	Will the Public Safety Segment Witness the Same Level of Growth as the Consumer Segment?	43
2.3.2	What are the Growth Drivers?	43
2.3.3	Will LMR Systems Continue to Support Mission-Critical Voice?	45
2.4	The Use of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technology for Public Safety	46
2.5	Why LTE?	46
2.5.1	Performance Metrics	46
2.5.2	Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility	47
2.5.3	A Thriving Ecosystem	47
2.5.4	OPEX Reduction	48
2.6	Public Safety LTE Technology & Architecture	49
2.6.1	E-UTRAN – The LTE RAN (Radio Access Network)	50
2.6.2	TDD vs. FDD	51
2.6.3	UE (User Equipment)	51
2.6.3.1	Smartphones & Handportable Terminals	51
2.6.3.2	Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals	52
2.6.3.3	Tablets & Notebook PCs	52
2.6.3.4	USB Dongles & Others	52
2.6.4	EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core	53
2.6.4.1	SGW (Serving Gateway)	53
2.6.4.2	PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)	53
2.6.4.3	MME (Mobility Management Entity)	53
2.6.4.4	HSS (Home Subscriber Server)	54
2.6.4.5	PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function)	54
2.6.5	LMR Network Integration and Inter-Working	54
2.6.6	Support for Roaming in Public Safety LTE	55
2.6.7	Inter-System Roaming	55
2.6.8	Intra-System Roaming to Commercial Carriers	56
2.7	LTE-Advanced & 5G: Implications for Public Safety	57
2.7.1	The Move Towards LTE-Advanced Networks	57
2.7.2	Impact on Public Safety LTE Rollouts	57
2.7.3	5G Requirements: Looking Towards the Future	58
2.8	Public Safety LTE Deployment Models	59
2.8.1	Private Public Safety LTE	59
2.8.2	Shared Commercial Public Safety LTE: Private-Public Partnerships	59
2.8.3	Public Safety LTE Access over Commercial Networks	59
2.8.4	Hosted Core Public Safety LTE Networks	60
2.9	Funding Models for Private Public Safety LTE Network Deployment	60
2.9.1	BOO (Built, Owned and Operated) by Integrator/Vendor	60
2.9.2	Owned and Operated by the Government Authority	60
2.9.3	Local Agency Hosted Core	61
2.9.4	Multiple Networks	61
2.10	The Public Safety LTE Business Case	62
2.10.1	Higher Throughput and Low Latency	62
2.10.2	Economic Feasibility	62
2.10.3	Bandwidth Flexibility	62
2.10.4	Spectral Efficiency	62
2.10.5	Regional Interoperability	63
2.10.6	Lack of Competition from Other Standards	63
2.10.7	Endorsement from the Public Safety Community	64
2.10.8	Commitments by Infrastructure and Device Vendors	64
2.10.9	QoS & Priority Provisioning	65
2.10.10	Support for Group Voice & Multimedia Communication	65
2.11	Challenges to the Public Safety LTE Ecosystem	66
2.11.1	Spectrum Allocation	66
2.11.2	Interworking with LMR Networks & Standardization	67
2.11.3	Budgetary Issues	67
2.11.4	Security & Resilience	68
2.11.5	Support for Mission-Critical Voice and Direct Mode-Operation	68
2.11.6	Smaller Coverage Footprint than LMR Systems	69
2.11.7	Device Battery Life in Public Safety Scenarios	69
2.11.8	User Profiles to Fit Public Safety Requirements	70
		
3	Chapter 3: Public Safety LTE and Mobile Broadband Industry Roadmap	71
3.1	Industry Roadmap	71
3.2	2011 – 2014: Initial Private LTE Rollouts	72
3.3	2015 – 2019: Early Nationwide Rollouts	72
3.4	2020 & Beyond: Large Scale Proliferation	73
3.5	Public Safety LTE Deployment Case Studies	74
3.5.1	MPSS (Ministry of Public Safety and Security), South Korea	74
3.5.2	Zhengzhou Metro	75
3.5.3	Harris County	76
3.5.4	JerseyNet	76
3.5.5	Qatar MOI	77
3.5.6	Turkish National Police Force	77
3.5.7	Hong Kong Police Force	77
3.5.8	Lijiang Police	78
3.5.9	German Armed Forces	78
3.5.10	Kenyan Police Service	78
		
4	Chapter 4: Public Safety LTE and Mobile Broadband Applications Ecosystem	80
4.1	Mobile Video	80
4.2	Mobile Broadband and Seamless Mobile VPN Access	81
4.3	GIS, AVLS and Mapping	81
4.4	CAD (Computer Aided Dispatching)	82
4.5	Remote Database Access	82
4.6	Telemetry and Remote Diagnostics	82
4.7	Bulk Multimedia/Data Transfers	83
4.8	Situational Awareness Applications	83
4.9	PTT over LTE	83
4.10	The Present State of the Market: What’s on Offer	84
4.11	The Numbers: How Big is the Public Safety LTE Applications Ecosystem?	85
		
5	Chapter 5: Key Ecosystem Players	86
5.1	7 layers AG	86
5.2	Aaeon Technology	87
5.3	Accelleran	88
5.4	AceAxis	89
5.5	Aculab	90
5.6	Adax	91
5.7	ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)	92
5.8	Advantech Corporation	93
5.9	Advantech Wireless	94
5.10	Affarii Technologies	95
5.11	Affirmed Networks	96
5.12	Airbus Defence and Space	97
5.13	Air-Lynx	98
5.14	Airspan Networks	99
5.15	Airvana	100
5.16	Alcatel-Lucent	101
5.17	Altiostar Networks	102
5.18	Amdocs	103
5.19	Anritsu Corporation	104
5.20	Arcadyan Technology Corporation	105
5.21	Aricent	106
5.22	Argela	107
5.23	ARItel	108
5.24	Arqiva	109
5.25	Artemis Networks	110
5.26	Artevea	111
5.27	Aselsan	112
5.28	ASOCS	113
5.29	Athena Wireless Communications	114
5.30	Athonet	115
5.31	Atkins	116
5.32	AVI	117
5.33	Aviat Networks	118
5.34	Avtec	119
5.35	Axis Communications	120
5.36	Axis Teknologies	121
5.37	Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates)	122
5.38	BandRich	123
5.39	BFDX	124
5.40	Black Box Corporation	125
5.41	Broadcom	126
5.42	Brocade Communications Systems	127
5.43	BTI Wireless	128
5.44	CalAmp Corporation	129
5.45	Casio Computer Company	130
5.46	Caterpillar	131
5.47	Cavium	132
5.48	CCI (Communication Components Inc.)	133
5.49	CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)	134
5.50	CCI (Crown Castle International)	135
5.51	CCTI (Catalyst Communications Technologies Inc)	136
5.52	Ceragon	137
5.53	Ciena Corporation	138
5.54	Cisco Systems	139
5.55	Cobham	140
5.56	Codan Radio Communications	141
5.57	Comba Telecom Systems Holdings	142
5.58	CommAgility	143
5.59	CommScope	144
5.60	Contela	145
5.61	Coriant	146
5.62	Corning	147
5.63	Covia Labs	148
5.64	Dali Wireless	149
5.65	DAMM Cellular Systems	150
5.66	DAP Technologies	151
5.67	Datang Mobile	152
5.68	Dell	153
5.69	DeltaNode (Bird Technologies)	154
5.70	Dongwon T&I	155
5.71	DrangonWave	156
5.72	Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation)	157
5.73	Eastcom	158
5.74	EchoStar Corporation	159
5.75	Elbit Systems	160
5.76	Elektrobit	161
5.77	Ericsson	162
5.78	ETELM	163
5.79	Etherstack	164
5.80	Ethertronics	165
5.81	EXACOM	166
5.82	Exalt Communications	167
5.83	EXFO	168
5.84	ExteNet Systems	169
5.85	Federated Wireless	170
5.86	Finmeccanica	171
5.87	Foxcom	172
5.88	FREQUENTIS AG	173
5.89	Fujitsu	174
5.90	Galtronics	175
5.91	Gemtek Technology Company	176
5.92	GENBAND	177
5.93	General Dynamics Mission Systems	178
5.94	Genesis Group	179
5.95	Getac Technology Corporation	180
5.96	Goodman Networks	181
5.97	GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)	182
5.98	GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)	183
5.99	Harris Corporation	184
5.100	Hitachi	185
5.101	Honeywell	186
5.102	HP (Hewlett-Packard Company)	187
5.103	HQT Radio	188
5.104	Huawei	189
5.105	Hytera Communications Company	190
5.106	IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)	191
5.107	iCOM	192
5.108	Imtradex	192
5.109	Intel Corporation	193
5.110	InterDigital	194
5.111	InterSec	195
5.112	Intrado	195
5.113	ip.access	196
5.114	JDI (JING DENG INDUSTRIAL)	197
5.115	JMA Wireless	198
5.116	JRC (Japan Radio Company)	199
5.117	Juni Global	200
5.118	Juniper Networks	201
5.119	JVC Kenwood Corporation	202
5.120	Kapsch CarrierCom	203
5.121	Kathrein-Werke KG	204
5.122	Keysight Technologies	205
5.123	KBR (Kellogg Brown and Root)	206
5.124	Kirisun	206
5.125	Kisan Telecom	207
5.126	KMW	208
5.127	Kodiak Networks	209
5.128	Kyocera Communications	210
5.129	L-3 Communications Holdings	211
5.130	Lemko Corporation	212
5.131	LG Electronics	213
5.132	LGS Innovations	214
5.133	LiveViewGPS	215
5.134	Lockheed Martin Corporation	216
5.135	Logic Instrument	217
5.136	Mavenir (Mitel)	218
5.137	Mentura Group	219
5.138	MER-CellO Wireless Solutions	220
5.139	Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group)	221
5.140	Mitsubishi Electric Corporation	222
5.141	MobileDemand	223
5.142	MODUCOM	224
5.143	Motorola Solutions	225
5.144	Mott MacDonald	227
5.145	MTI Mobile	228
5.146	Mutualink	229
5.147	NEC Corporation	230
5.148	Netas	231
5.149	NetMotion Wireless	232
5.150	New Postcom Equipment Company	233
5.151	Nexius	234
5.152	NextNav	235
5.153	Nokia Networks	236
5.154	Northrop Grumman Corporation	237
5.155	nTerop	238
5.156	Nutaq	239
5.157	O3b Networks	240
5.158	Oceus Networks	241
5.159	Octasic	242
5.160	Panasonic Corporation	243
5.161	Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company)	244
5.162	Panorama Antennas	245
5.163	Parallel Wireless	246
5.164	Phonak	247
5.165	Piciorgros (Funk-Electronic Piciorgros GmbH)	247
5.166	Polaris Networks	248
5.167	Potevio (China Potevio Company)	249
5.168	Public Wireless	250
5.169	Puxing Radio	250
5.170	Qualcomm	251
5.171	Quanta Computer	252
5.172	Qucell	253
5.173	Quortus	254
5.174	RACOM	255
5.175	Radisys Corporation	256
5.176	Radio IP	257
5.177	Raytheon Company	258
5.178	Reality Mobile (ASTRO Solutions)	259
5.179	Redline Communications	260
5.180	RELM Wireless	261
5.181	RF Window	261
5.182	RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)	262
5.183	Rivada Networks	263
5.184	Rohill	264
5.185	Rosenberger	265
5.186	SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation)	266
5.187	Samji Electronics Company	267
5.188	Samsung Electronics	268
5.189	Savox Communications	269
5.190	Sepura	270
5.191	SerComm Corporation	271
5.192	Siemens Convergence Creators	272
5.193	Sierra Wireless	273
5.194	Signalion	274
5.195	Siklu	274
5.196	Simoco	275
5.197	SiRRAN	275
5.198	SK Telesys	276
5.199	SmithMicro	277
5.200	SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies)	278
5.201	Sonim Technologies	279
5.202	Sonic Communications	280
5.203	Space Data	280
5.204	Spectra Group	281
5.205	SpiderCloud Wireless	282
5.206	Star Solutions	283
5.207	Stop Noise	284
5.208	Sumitomo Electric Industries	285
5.209	Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company)	286
5.210	Tait Communications	287
5.211	Taqua	288
5.212	Tecom	289
5.213	Tecore	290
5.214	TESSCO Technologies	291
5.215	TCS (TeleCommunication Systems)	292
5.216	TEKTELIC Communications	293
5.217	Televate	294
5.218	TELEX (Bosch Security Systems)	295
5.219	Telum	296
5.220	Telrad Networks	297
5.221	TETRAtab	298
5.222	Thales	299
5.223	TI (Texas Instruments)	301
5.224	TITAN Communication Systems	302
5.225	Toshiba Corporation	303
5.226	Tropico	304
5.227	UNIMO Technology	305
5.228	Utility	306
5.229	Vidyo	307
5.230	Westell Technologies	308
5.231	Wildox (Shenzhen Happy Technology Company)	309
5.232	WinMate Communication	310
5.233	WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)	311
5.234	xG Technology	312
5.235	Xplore Technologies Corporation	313
5.236	Z-Com (ZDC Wireless)	314
5.237	Zetron (JVC Kenwood)	315
5.238	Zinwave	316
5.239	ZTE	317
		
6	Chapter 6: Public Safety LTE Spectrum Allocation Strategies Worldwide	318
6.1	North America	318
6.2	Latin & Central America	319
6.3	Europe	320
6.4	Middle East & Africa	321
6.5	Asia Pacific	322
6.6	The Prospects of Spectrum Harmonization	323
6.6.1	Lobbying From Industry Bodies	323
6.6.2	700 MHz	323
6.6.3	400 MHz	323
		
7	Chapter 7: Market Analysis and Forecasts	324
7.1	The Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market	324
7.1.1	Public Safety Data Subscriptions over Commercial Cellular Networks	324
7.1.2	Data Subscriptions over LMR Networks	325
7.1.3	Public Safety Data Subscriptions over Private Mobile Broadband	326
7.1.3.1	The Unreliability of Commercial Cellular Mobile Broadband Networks	326
7.1.3.2	Private Public Safety LTE and WiMAX Subscriptions Compared	326
7.2	The Global Public Safety LTE Devices Market	328
7.2.1	Private Public Safety LTE Networks	328
7.2.1.1	Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Private Networks	328
7.2.1.2	Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Private Networks	329
7.2.1.3	Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Private Networks	330
7.2.2	Public Safety LTE over Commercial LTE Networks	331
7.2.2.1	Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Commercial Networks	331
7.2.2.2	Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Commercial Networks	332
7.2.2.3	Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Commercial Networks	333
7.2.3	Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Compared	334
7.2.3.1	Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions	334
7.2.3.2	Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments	335
7.2.3.3	Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue	336
7.2.4	Public Safety LTE Device Segmentation by Form Factor	337
7.2.4.1	Smartphones & Handportable Terminals	338
7.2.4.2	Vehicle Mount Routers & Terminals	339
7.2.4.3	Tablets & Notebook PCs	340
7.2.4.4	USB Dongles & Others	341
7.3	The Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Market	342
7.3.1	Segmentation by Submarket	343
7.3.2	RAN	344
7.3.3	EPC & Policy	345
7.3.4	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	346
7.3.5	RAN Segmentation by Mobility	347
7.3.5.1	Fixed Base Stations	348
7.3.5.2	Transportable Base Stations	349
7.3.6	RAN Segmentation by Cell Size	350
7.3.6.1	Macrocells	351
7.3.6.2	Small Cells	352
7.3.7	Transportable RAN Segmentation by Form Factor	353
7.3.7.1	CIAB (Cell-in-a-Box)	354
7.3.7.2	COW (Cell-on-Wheels)	355
7.3.7.3	Airborne Cells	356
7.3.8	Public Safety & Commercial LTE Base Station Shipments Compared	357
7.4	Regional Market Assessment	358
7.4.1	Asia Pacific	358
7.4.1.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	358
7.4.1.2	Devices	359
7.4.1.3	Infrastructure	360
7.4.1.4	Base Stations	360
7.4.1.5	EPC & Policy	361
7.4.1.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	362
7.4.2	North America	363
7.4.2.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	363
7.4.2.2	Devices	364
7.4.2.3	Infrastructure	365
7.4.2.4	Base Stations	365
7.4.2.5	EPC & Policy	366
7.4.2.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	367
7.4.3	Latin & Central America	368
7.4.3.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	368
7.4.3.2	Devices	369
7.4.3.3	Infrastructure	370
7.4.3.4	Base Stations	370
7.4.3.5	EPC & Policy	371
7.4.3.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	372
7.4.4	Middle East & Africa	373
7.4.4.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	373
7.4.4.2	Devices	374
7.4.4.3	Infrastructure	375
7.4.4.4	Base Stations	375
7.4.4.5	EPC & Policy	376
7.4.4.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	377
7.4.5	Eastern Europe	378
7.4.5.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	378
7.4.5.2	Devices	379
7.4.5.3	Infrastructure	380
7.4.5.4	Base Stations	380
7.4.5.5	EPC & Policy	381
7.4.5.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	382
7.4.6	Western Europe	383
7.4.6.1	Subscriptions & Service Revenue	383
7.4.6.2	Devices	384
7.4.6.3	Infrastructure	385
7.4.6.4	Base Stations	385
7.4.6.5	EPC & Policy	386
7.4.6.6	Mobile Backhaul & Transport	387
		
8	Chapter 8: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives	388
8.1	NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)	388
8.2	NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)	388
8.3	NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)	389
8.4	PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research)	389
8.5	APCO International (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials)	390
8.6	3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)	390
8.7	TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association)	390
8.8	ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)	391
8.9	UIC (International Union of Railways)	391
8.10	ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)	392
8.11	TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)	392
8.12	OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)	393
8.13	Features for Public Safety LTE Standardization	393
8.13.1	OMA’s PCPS (Push-to-Communicate for Public Safety)	393
8.13.2	Building upon PCPS: 3GPP’s MCPTT (Mission Critical PTT)	394
8.13.3	GCSE (Group Communication Service Enablers)	394
8.13.4	GROUPE (Group Based Enhancements)	395
8.13.5	D2D Communication & ProSe (Proximity Services)	395
8.13.6	eProSe (Extended Proximity-based Services)	396
8.13.7	Resilience & IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)	397
8.13.8	Higher Power User Terminals	397
		
9	Chapter 9: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations	398
9.1	Consolidation and Alliances	398
9.1.1	Recent Acquisitions	398
9.1.2	Alliances: Are there More to Come?	399
9.2	Improving Economics: Monetizing Unused Capacity	400
9.3	PTT Standardization: The Key to a Successful Ecosystem	400
9.3.1	Adoption of OMA’s PoC Standards	400
9.3.2	3GPP MCPTT: Timelines for Standardization & Commercial Availability	400
9.3.3	Will China’s B-TrunC Standard Witness International Adoption?	401
9.4	Status of Private LTE Network Rollouts	402
9.4.1	Early Rollouts in the Middle East	402
9.4.2	Increasing Traction in Asia Pacific	402
9.4.3	North America and Other Regions	402
9.5	Prospects of FirstNet	403
9.5.1	Funding Prospects & Strategies	403
9.5.2	Proposed Revenue Model	403
9.5.3	Seeking Partnerships	404
9.5.4	Technical Constraints	404
9.5.5	Moving Towards the Applications Ecosystem	405
9.5.6	Status of “Early Builder” Ventures	405
9.5.7	Deployment Timeline Forecast	406
9.5.8	Waiting for 3GPP Release 13	407
9.5.9	“Opt-Out” Opportunities	407
9.6	Spectrum: Will 700 MHz Gear Dominate the Market Worldwide?	408
9.6.1	Prospects of 400 MHz LTE	408
9.6.2	TD-LTE and Opportunities for Higher Bands in Public Safety	409
9.7	Proposals for Wholly Commercial Public Safety LTE Networks	409
9.7.1	Case Study: UK’s ESN (Emergency Services Network)	409
9.8	The Public Safety LTE MVNO Opportunity	411
9.8.1	ASTRID	411
9.8.2	Airwave	411
9.8.3	VIRVE	411
9.9	Revenue Prospects for Commercial Carriers	412
9.9.1	The Opportunity for LTE Service Revenue	412
9.9.2	Emerging Business Models: Telefónica’s “LTE in Box”	412
9.9.3	PTT and Dispatch Solutions over LTE	412
9.10	TCO Analysis: Private LTE vs. Public-Private Partnerships	413
9.11	Military & Tactical Deployments Gaining Traction	414
9.12	What Cell Types will Public Safety LTE Networks Encompass?	415
9.12.1	Macrocells	416
9.12.2	Small Cells	417
9.12.3	Macrocell Relay Nodes: Does the Opportunity Exist?	418
9.12.4	Tactical COW Units	419
9.12.5	Tactical CIAB Units	420
9.12.6	Airborne Cells	421
9.13	Public Safety LTE Mobile Core Investments	422
9.14	Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments	422
9.15	Strategic Recommendations	423
9.15.1	Recommendations for LMR Vendors/Integrators	423
9.15.2	Recommendations for LTE Infrastructure Vendors	423
9.15.3	Recommendations for Public Safety Agencies	424
9.15.4	Recommendations for Commercial Wireless Carriers	425
		
10	Chapter 10: Expert Opinion – Interview Transcripts	426
10.1	Airbus Defence and Space	426
10.2	Airwave Solutions	431
10.3	CalAmp Corporation	438
10.4	Motorola Solutions	440
10.5	Oceus Networks	446
10.6	Star Solutions	450
		
List of Figures		
	Figure 1: Global LMR Subscriptions by Technology: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	37
	Figure 2: Global Analog LMR Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	37
	Figure 3: Global DMR Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	38
	Figure 4: Global dPMR, NXDN & PDT Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	38
	Figure 5: Global P25 Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	39
	Figure 6: Global TETRA Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	39
	Figure 7: Global Tetrapol Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	40
	Figure 8: Global Other LMR Technology Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	40
	Figure 9: Global Mobile Broadband Subscriptions by Technology: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	43
	Figure 10: Purpose of Using Mobile Broadband for Public Safety Applications (Survey Results)	44
	Figure 11: Global LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	47
	Figure 12: Public Safety LTE Network Architecture	49
	Figure 13: Global VoLTE (Voice over LTE) Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	55
	Figure 14: 5G Requirements	58
	Figure 15: Public Safety LTE Industry Roadmap	71
	Figure 16: Global Mobile Video Surveillance Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	80
	Figure 17: PTT over LTE Application	84
	Figure 18: Global Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Applications Revenue by Category: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	85
	Figure 19: Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Subscriptions over Public Networks by Technology: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	325
	Figure 20: Global LMR Data Subscriptions by Technology: 2015 – 2030 (Thousands)	325
	Figure 21: Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Subscriptions over Private Networks by Technology: 2015 – 2030 (Thousands)	326
	Figure 22: Global Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Private Networks: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	328
	Figure 23: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Private LTE Networks: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	329
	Figure 24: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue over Private LTE Networks: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	329
	Figure 25: Global Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Private Networks: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	330
	Figure 26: Global Public Safety LTE Subscriptions over Commercial LTE Networks: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	331
	Figure 27: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments over Commercial Networks: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	332
	Figure 28: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue over Commercial Networks: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	332
	Figure 29: Global Public Safety LTE Service Revenue over Commercial Networks: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	333
	Figure 30: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	334
	Figure 31: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)	335
	Figure 32: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	335
	Figure 33: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	336
	Figure 34: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments by Form Factor: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	337
	Figure 35: Global Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	337
	Figure 36: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	338
	Figure 37: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	338
	Figure 38: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle Mount Router & Terminal Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	339
	Figure 39: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle Mount Router & Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	339
	Figure 40: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	340
	Figure 41: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	340
	Figure 42: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle & Other Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	341
	Figure 43: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle & Other Device Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	341
	Figure 44: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	342
	Figure 45: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	343
	Figure 46: Global Public Safety LTE RAN Investments: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	344
	Figure 47: Global Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Investments: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	345
	Figure 48: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	346
	Figure 49: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Mobility: 2015 - 2030	347
	Figure 50: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Mobility: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	347
	Figure 51: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	348
	Figure 52: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	348
	Figure 53: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	349
	Figure 54: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	349
	Figure 55: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2015 - 2030	350
	Figure 56: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	350
	Figure 57: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	351
	Figure 58: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	351
	Figure 59: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	352
	Figure 60: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	352
	Figure 61: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE eNB Base Station Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2015 - 2030	353
	Figure 62: Global Transportable Public Safety LTE eNB Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	353
	Figure 63: Global Public Safety LTE CIAB Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	354
	Figure 64: Global Public Safety LTE CIAB Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	354
	Figure 65: Global Public Safety LTE COW Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	355
	Figure 66: Global Public Safety LTE COW Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	355
	Figure 67: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne Cell Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	356
	Figure 68: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	356
	Figure 69: Global Public Safety and Commercial LTE Base Station (eNB) Shipments Compared: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	357
	Figure 70: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	358
	Figure 71: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	358
	Figure 72: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	359
	Figure 73: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	359
	Figure 74: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	360
	Figure 75: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	360
	Figure 76: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	361
	Figure 77: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	361
	Figure 78: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	362
	Figure 79: North America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	363
	Figure 80: North America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	363
	Figure 81: North America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	364
	Figure 82: North America Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	364
	Figure 83: North America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	365
	Figure 84: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	365
	Figure 85: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	366
	Figure 86: North America Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	366
	Figure 87: North America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	367
	Figure 88: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	368
	Figure 89: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	368
	Figure 90: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	369
	Figure 91: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	369
	Figure 92: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	370
	Figure 93: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	370
	Figure 94: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	371
	Figure 95: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	371
	Figure 96: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	372
	Figure 97: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	373
	Figure 98: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	373
	Figure 99: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	374
	Figure 100: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	374
	Figure 101: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	375
	Figure 102: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	375
	Figure 103: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	376
	Figure 104: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	376
	Figure 105: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	377
	Figure 106: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	378
	Figure 107: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	378
	Figure 108: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	379
	Figure 109: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	379
	Figure 110: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	380
	Figure 111: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	380
	Figure 112: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	381
	Figure 113: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	381
	Figure 114: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	382
	Figure 115: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2015 – 2030 (Millions)	383
	Figure 116: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2015 – 2030 ($ Million)	383
	Figure 117: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	384
	Figure 118: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	384
	Figure 119: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	385
	Figure 120: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2015 - 2030	385
	Figure 121: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	386
	Figure 122: Western Europe Public Safety LTE EPC & Policy Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	386
	Figure 123: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2015 - 2030 ($ Million)	387
	Figure 124: LTE ProSe (Proximity Service) Examples	395
	Figure 125: TCO Comparison for Private LTE vs. Public-Private Partnership	413
	Figure 126: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Installed Base by Cell Size: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	415
	Figure 127: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Installed Base: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	416
	Figure 128: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Installed Base: 2015 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	417
	Figure 129: Global Public Safety LTE COW Installed Base: 2015 - 2030	419
	Figure 130: Global Public Safety LTE CIAB Installed Base: 2015 - 2030	420
	Figure 131: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne Cell Installed Base: 2015 - 2030	421
 



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