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The C-RAN (Centralized Radio Access Network) Ecosystem: 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Published: Jul, 2017 | Pages: 430 | Publisher: SNS Research
Industry: ICT | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Centralized RAN or C-RAN is an architectural shift in RAN (Radio Access Network) design, where the bulk of baseband processing is centralized and aggregated for a large number of distributed radio nodes. In comparison to standalone clusters of base stations, C-RAN provides significant performance and economic benefits such as baseband pooling, enhanced coordination between cells, virtualization, network extensibility, smaller deployment footprint and reduced power consumption.

Initially popularized by Japanese and South Korean mobile operators, C-RAN technology is beginning to gain momentum worldwide with major tier 1 operators –  including Verizon Communications, AT&T, Sprint, China Mobile, Vodafone, TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile), Orange and Telefónica –  seeking to leverage the benefits of centralized baseband processing.

SNS Research estimates that global investments in C-RAN architecture networks will reach nearly $9 Billion by the end of 2017. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 24% between 2017 and 2020. These investments will include spending on RRHs (Remote Radio Heads), BBUs (Baseband Units) and fronthaul transport network equipment.

The “C-RAN (Centralized Radio Access Network) Ecosystem: 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the C-RAN ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, operator case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for C-RAN infrastructure investments from 2017 till 2030. The forecasts cover 3 individual submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics: 
 - C-RAN ecosystem
 - Market drivers and barriers
 - Key architectural components (RRH, BBU and fronthaul)
 - Competing RAN architectures including traditional macrocell base stations, standalone small cells and DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems)
 - Key trends including baseband functional splitting, enterprise RAN, vRAN (Virtualized RAN)/Cloud RAN, MEC (Mobile Edge Computing) and RANaaS (RAN-as-a-Service)
 - Fronthaul networking technologies and interface options
 - C-RAN deployment models and mobile operator case studies
 - Regulatory landscape and standardization
 - Industry roadmap and value chain
 - Profiles and strategies of over 230 leading ecosystem players including enabling technology providers, radio equipment suppliers, BBU vendors, fronthaul network equipment vendors and mobile operators
 - Strategic recommendations for ecosystem players including C-RAN solution providers and mobile operators
 - Market analysis and forecasts from 2017 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Submarket Segmentation
 - RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
 - BBUs (Baseband Units)
 - Fronthaul

Air Interface Technology Segmentation
 - 3G & LTE
 - 5G NR (New Radio)

Network Architecture Segmentation
 - Non-Virtualized C-RAN
 - vRAN/Cloud RAN

Deployment Model Segmentation
 - Indoor
 - Outdoor

Cell Size Segmentation
 - Small Cells
 - Macrocells

Fronthaul Transport Network Technology Segmentation
 - Dedicated Fiber
 - WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
 - OTN (Optical Transport Network)
 - PON (Passive Optical Network)
 - Ethernet
 - Microwave
 - Millimeter Wave
 - G.Fast & Others

Regional Markets
 - Asia Pacific
 - Eastern Europe
 - Middle East & Africa
 - Latin & Central America
 - North America
 - Western Europe

Key Questions Answered 
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
 - How big is the C-RAN opportunity?
 - What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
 - How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
 - What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
 - Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
 - How can C-RAN facilitate the management of interference and LTE-Advanced features such as CoMP (Coordinated Multi-Point)?
 - What are the benefits and drawbacks of each baseband functional split option?
 - How can C-RAN reduce the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of RAN deployments?
 - What are the prospects of wireless fronthaul technologies?
 - Is Ethernet a feasible solution for fronthaul networking?
 - How big is the market for vRAN/Cloud RAN networks? 
 - How can mobile operators future-proof their RAN investments for 5G upgrades?
 - Who are the key market players and what are their strategies?
 - What strategies should C-RAN solution providers and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings 
The report has the following key findings: 
 - Expected to reach nearly $9 Billion in global spending by the end of 2017, C-RAN is increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deploy future mobile networks. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 24% between 2017 and 2020.
 - Small cells are also beginning to be deployed in a C-RAN architecture to leverage the benefits of resource pooling and multi-cell coordination. This trend is particularly prevalent in the indoor and enterprise segments, with a number of dedicated vendor solutions such as CommScope's OneCell, SpiderCloud's E-RAN, Ericsson's Radio Dot, and Huawei's LampSite.
 - Mobile operators are exploring multiple baseband functional split options for C-RAN implementation, as they seek to ease the transition to 5G networks while reducing fronthaul costs.
 - By the end of 2020, SNS Research estimates that vRAN/Cloud RAN deployments with virtualized baseband processing will account for nearly 20% of all C-RAN investments.
 - The vendor arena is continuing to consolidate with several prominent M&A deals such as Mavenir Systems' recent merger with C-RAN specialist Ranzure Networks, which has positioned the company as an end-to-end provider of 5G-ready mobile network solutions.

List of Companies Mentioned

•	3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
•	3Roam
•	6WIND
•	Accelink Technologies Corporation
•	Accelleran
•	Actelis Networks
•	ADLINK Technology
•	ADTRAN
•	ADVA Optical Networking
•	Advantech
•	Airspan Networks
•	Alpha Networks
•	Alphabet
•	Altiostar Networks
•	Amarisoft
•	América Móvil Group
•	Anritsu Corporation
•	APRESIA Systems
•	Aquantia Corporation
•	Argela
•	ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
•	Aricent
•	ARM Holdings
•	ARRIS International
•	Artemis Networks
•	Artesyn Embedded Technologies
•	Artiza Networks
•	ASOCS
•	ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
•	AT&T
•	ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions, United States)
•	Aviat Networks
•	Axxcelera Broadband Wireless
•	Azcom Technology
•	Baicells Technologies
•	Benetel
•	Blu Wireless Technology
•	BluWan
•	Boomsense/Bangxun Technology
•	BridgeWave Communications
•	Broadband Forum
•	Broadcom
•	BT Group
•	CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
•	Cadence Design Systems
•	Calix
•	Cambium Networks
•	Casa Systems
•	Cavium
•	CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)
•	CCI (Communication Components, Inc.)
•	CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)
•	CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
•	cellXica
•	Ceragon Networks
•	CEVA
•	China Mobile
•	China Telecom
•	China Unicom
•	Ciena Corporation
•	Cisco Systems
•	Clavister
•	Cobham Wireless
•	Coherent Logix
•	Collision Communications
•	Comcores
•	CommAgility
•	CommScope
•	Contela
•	Corecess
•	Coriant
•	Corning
•	Dali Wireless
•	DASAN Zhone Solutions
•	Datang Mobile
•	Dell Technologies
•	DragonWave
•	eASIC Corporation
•	E-Band Communications
•	EBlink
•	ECI Telecom
•	EE
•	Ekinops
•	ELVA-1
•	Eoptolink Technology
•	Ericsson
•	Ethernity Networks
•	ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
•	ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
•	Exalt Wireless
•	EXFO
•	ExteNet Systems
•	Extreme Networks
•	Facebook
•	Fairwaves
•	Faraday Technology Corporation
•	FastBack Networks
•	FiberHome Technologies
•	FibroLan
•	Finisar Corporation
•	Flex Logix Technologies
•	Foxconn Interconnect Technology
•	Fraunhofer FOKUS  (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
•	Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
•	Frog Cellsat
•	Fujian Sunnada Network Technology
•	Fujitsu
•	Furukawa Electric Group
•	GigaLight
•	GlobalFoundaries
•	Google
•	HCL Technologies
•	HFR
•	Hisense
•	Hitachi
•	HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
•	Huahuan
•	Huawei
•	HUBER+SUHNER
•	HXI
•	IBM Corporation
•	IDT (Integrated Device Technology)
•	IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
•	Imec International
•	InCoax
•	Infineon Technologies
•	Infinera
•	InfiNet Wireless
•	InnoLight Technology
•	InnoWireless
•	Intel Corporation
•	InterDigital
•	Intracom Telecom
•	IP Light
•	ip.access
•	IPITEK
•	Iskratel
•	IS-Wireless
•	ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
•	ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
•	JMA Wireless
•	JRC (Japan Radio Company)
•	Juni Global
•	Kathrein-Werke KG
•	KDDI Corporation
•	KEYMILE
•	Keysight Technologies
•	Kisan Telecom
•	KMW
•	KPN
•	KT Corporation
•	Lattice Semiconductor
•	LG Uplus
•	LightPointe Communications
•	Lindsay Broadband
•	Loea Corporation
•	Lumentum
•	Luminate Wireless
•	MACOM Technology Solutions Holdings
•	Maja Systems
•	Maven Wireless
•	Mavenir Systems
•	MAX4G
•	MaxLinear
•	MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)
•	MegaFon
•	Mellanox Technologies
•	Microsemi Corporation
•	Microwave Networks
•	MIMOtech
•	Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
•	Mobiveil
•	Molex
•	Moseley Associates
•	MRV Communications
•	MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
•	N.A.T.
•	Nash Technologies
•	NEC Corporation
•	Netonomics
•	NETSCOUT Systems
•	New Postcom Equipment
•	Nexcomm Systems
•	NexxCom Wireless
•	NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
•	Node-H
•	Nokia
•	Nokia Networks
•	Nokia Technologies
•	NTT DoCoMo
•	NuRAN Wireless
•	Nutaq Innovation
•	NXP Semiconductors
•	Octasic
•	OE Solutions
•	Omnitron Systems
•	ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)
•	OneAccess Networks
•	ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
•	Orange
•	OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)
•	Parallel Wireless
•	Peraso Technologies
•	Phluido
•	PMN (Private Mobile Networks)
•	Polewall
•	Potevio
•	Proxim Wireless Corporation
•	Qualcomm
•	Qucell
•	Qwilt
•	RACOM
•	RAD Data Communications
•	Radisys Corporation
•	RADWIN
•	Raisecom
•	Range Networks
•	Red Hat
•	Redline Communications
•	REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks
•	Saguna Networks
•	SAI Technology
•	Samji Electronics
•	Samsung Electronics
•	Sarokal Test Systems
•	SCF (Small Cell Forum)
•	SerComm Corporation
•	SIAE Microelectronica
•	Siklu Communication
•	Sistelbanda
•	SITRONICS
•	SK Telecom
•	SK Telesys
•	SkyFiber
•	SoftBank Group
•	Solectek Corporation
•	SOLiD
•	Sooktha
•	Source Photonics
•	Spectronite
•	SpiderCloud Wireless
•	Sprint Corporation
•	SRS (Software Radio Systems)
•	Star Solutions
•	Sumitomo Electric Industries
•	Sunwave Solutions
•	Tarana Wireless
•	Tata Elxsi
•	TEKTELIC Communications
•	Telco Systems
•	Telecom Italia Group
•	Telefónica Group
•	Telenor Group
•	Tellabs
•	Tellion
•	Telrad Networks
•	Telus Corporation
•	TI (Texas Instruments)
•	TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
•	Trango Systems
•	Transition Networks
•	TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India)
•	TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
•	TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
•	Ubiquoss
•	UTStarcom
•	Vanu
•	Verizon Communications
•	Viavi Solutions
•	VMware
•	Vodafone Group
•	Vubiq Networks
•	Wave1
•	WiPro
•	Xelic
•	Xilinx
•	xRAN Consortium
•	Zain Group
•	ZTE
 Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction	19
1.1	Executive Summary	19
1.2	Topics Covered	21
1.3	Forecast Segmentation	22
1.4	Key Questions Answered	24
1.5	Key Findings	25
1.6	Methodology	26
1.7	Target Audience	27
1.8	Companies & Organizations Mentioned	28
		
Chapter 2: An Overview of C-RAN	32
2.1	What is C-RAN?	32
2.1.1	Decoupling the Base Station	32
2.1.2	Brief History	32
2.2	Competing RAN Architectures	33
2.2.1	Traditional Macrocells	33
2.2.2	Small Cells	34
2.2.3	DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems)	34
2.3	Key Architectural Components for C-RAN	36
2.3.1	RRH (Remote Radio Head)	36
2.3.2	BBU (Baseband Unit)	36
2.3.3	Fronthaul	37
2.4	Baseband Functional Split Approaches	38
2.4.1	Fully Centralized Baseband Processing: PHY-RF Split	39
2.4.2	Partially Centralized Functional Splits	40
2.4.2.1	Intra-PHY Split	41
2.4.2.2	MAC-PHY Split	42
2.4.2.3	Intra-MAC Split	42
2.4.2.4	RLC-MAC Split	43
2.4.2.5	Intra-RLC Split	43
2.4.2.6	PDCP-RLC Split	43
2.4.2.7	RRC-PDCP Split	44
2.5	Fronthaul Interface Options & Technologies	44
2.5.1	Interface Options	44
2.5.1.1	CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface)	44
2.5.1.2	OBSAI (Open Base Station Architecture Initiative)	45
2.5.1.3	ORI (Open Radio Interface)	45
2.5.1.4	Ethernet	46
2.5.2	Transport Networking Technologies	46
2.5.2.1	Dedicated Fiber (Dark Fiber)	47
2.5.2.2	WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)	47
2.5.2.3	PON (Passive Optical Network)	47
2.5.2.4	OTN (Optical Transport Network)	48
2.5.2.5	Ethernet	48
2.5.2.6	G.Fast	48
2.5.2.7	Microwave	48
2.5.2.8	Millimeter Wave	49
2.6	vRAN (Virtualized RAN): Transforming C-RAN to Cloud RAN	49
2.6.1	Leveraging Commodity Technologies	50
2.6.2	Moving RAN to the Cloud	50
2.7	Market Growth Drivers	52
2.7.1	Capacity & Coverage Improvement: Addressing the Mobile Data Traffic Tsunami	52
2.7.2	Towards Greener RANs: Cost Efficiency & Energy Savings	53
2.7.3	Agile & Flexible Network Architecture	54
2.7.4	Enhanced Support for Advanced RAN Coordination Features	54
2.7.5	The Benefits of Virtualization	54
2.7.6	Bringing Intelligence to the Edge: MEC (Mobile Edge Computing)	55
2.7.7	Impact of 5G Rollouts	55
2.8	Market Barriers	55
2.8.1	Fronthaul Investments	55
2.8.2	Virtualization Challenges	56
2.8.3	Vendor Proprietary Functional Splits	56
2.8.4	Migration From Legacy Architectures	57
		
Chapter 3: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives	58
3.1	3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)	58
3.1.1	Complementary Features to Support C-RAN	58
3.1.2	Functional Splits for C-RAN Implementation in 5G Networks	59
3.2	Broadband Forum	59
3.2.1	TR-069 for Radio Unit Management	59
3.3	CPRI Initiative	60
3.3.1	CPRI Releases 1.4 to 7.0 for 3G & LTE Fronthaul	60
3.3.2	eCPRI for 5G Fronthaul	60
3.4	ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)	61
3.4.1	ORI for Fronthaul	61
3.4.2	NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) for Cloud RAN	62
3.4.3	MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)	63
3.4.4	Millimeter Wave Transmission for Fronthaul & Other Work	64
3.5	IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)	64
3.5.1	IEEE 802.1CM: TSN (Time-Sensitive Networking) for Fronthaul	64
3.5.2	IEEE P1904.3: Standard for RoE (Radio over Ethernet) Encapsulations and Mappings	64
3.5.3	IEEE 1914: NGFI (Next Generation Fronthaul Interface) Working Group	66
3.5.4	Other Standards & Work Groups	66
3.6	ITU (International Telecommunications Union)	67
3.6.1	FG IMT-2020 (Focus Group on IMT-2020)	67
3.7	MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)	68
3.7.1	Ethernet Transport for Small Cells & C-RAN	68
3.8	NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance	69
3.8.1	P-CRAN (Project Centralized RAN)	69
3.8.2	RAN Evolution Project	69
3.8.3	5G Work Program & Other Work	70
3.9	ONF (Open Networking Foundation) & ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)	70
3.9.1	CORD (Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter)	71
3.9.2	M-CORD (M-Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter)	71
3.10	OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)	72
3.10.1	LTE vRAN Implementation	73
3.11	SCF (Small Cell Forum)	73
3.11.1	Release 8: Small Cell Virtualization	74
3.11.2	Release 9: Network Densification and Evolution to 5G	76
3.12	TIP (Telecom Infra Project)	77
3.12.1	OpenCellular - Wireless Access Design Platform	77
3.12.2	Solutions Integration - Unbundled RAN Architecture	77
3.12.3	vRAN Fronthaul	78
3.12.4	Open Optical Packet Transport & Other Projects	79
3.13	xRAN Consortium	79
3.13.1	Standardization for Software-Based RAN	80
		
Chapter 4: C-RAN Deployment Models & Case Studies	81
4.1	Deployment Models	81
4.1.1	Localized	81
4.1.2	Enterprise & Indoor	82
4.1.3	Highly Centralized	83
4.1.4	Virtualized & Cloud RAN	84
4.2	Mobile Operator Case Studies	84
4.2.1	América Móvil Group	84
4.2.2	AT&T	86
4.2.3	BT Group	87
4.2.4	China Mobile	88
4.2.5	China Telecom	90
4.2.6	China Unicom	91
4.2.7	KDDI Corporation	92
4.2.8	KPN	93
4.2.9	KT Corporation	94
4.2.10	LG Uplus	96
4.2.11	MegaFon	98
4.2.12	NTT DoCoMo	99
4.2.13	Orange	101
4.2.14	SK Telecom	103
4.2.15	SoftBank Group & Sprint Corporation	106
4.2.16	Telefónica Group	109
4.2.17	Telenor Group	110
4.2.18	Telus Corporation	111
4.2.19	TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)	113
4.2.20	Verizon Communications	114
4.2.21	Vodafone Group	116
4.2.22	Zain Group	118
		
Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain	119
5.1	Industry Roadmap	119
5.1.1	2017 - 2020: Gaining Worldwide Traction	119
5.1.2	2020 - 2025: The Cloud RAN Era - Moving Towards RAN Virtualization	120
5.1.3	2025 - 2030: Continued Investments with 5G Network Rollouts	121
5.2	Value Chain	122
5.2.1	Enabling Technology Providers	122
5.2.2	Radio Equipment Suppliers	123
5.2.3	RAN Vendors	123
5.2.4	Fronthaul Network Equipment Vendors	123
5.2.5	Mobile Operators	124
5.2.6	Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists	124
		
Chapter 6: Key Market Players	125
6.1	3Roam	125
6.2	6WIND	126
6.3	Accelink Technologies Corporation	127
6.4	Accelleran	128
6.5	Actelis Networks	129
6.6	ADLINK Technology	130
6.7	ADTRAN	131
6.8	ADVA Optical Networking	132
6.9	Advantech	133
6.10	Airspan Networks	134
6.11	Alpha Networks	135
6.12	Altiostar Networks	136
6.13	Amarisoft	137
6.14	Anritsu Corporation	138
6.15	APRESIA Systems	139
6.16	Aquantia Corporation	140
6.17	Argela	141
6.18	Aricent	143
6.19	ARM Holdings	144
6.20	ARRIS International	145
6.21	Artemis Networks	146
6.22	Artesyn Embedded Technologies	147
6.23	Artiza Networks	148
6.24	ASOCS	149
6.25	ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)	150
6.26	Aviat Networks	151
6.27	Azcom Technology	152
6.28	Baicells Technologies	153
6.29	Benetel	154
6.30	Blu Wireless Technology	155
6.31	BluWan	156
6.32	Boomsense/Bangxun Technology	157
6.33	BridgeWave Communications	158
6.34	Broadcom	159
6.35	CableFree (Wireless Excellence)	160
6.36	Cadence Design Systems	161
6.37	Calix	162
6.38	Cambium Networks	163
6.39	Casa Systems	164
6.40	Cavium	165
6.41	CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)	166
6.42	CCI (Communication Components, Inc.)	167
6.43	CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)	168
6.44	cellXica	169
6.45	Ceragon Networks	170
6.46	CEVA	171
6.47	Ciena Corporation	172
6.48	Cisco Systems	173
6.49	Clavister	175
6.50	Cobham Wireless	176
6.51	Coherent Logix	177
6.52	Collision Communications	178
6.53	Comcores	179
6.54	CommAgility	180
6.55	CommScope	181
6.56	Contela	182
6.57	Corecess	183
6.58	Coriant	184
6.59	Corning	185
6.60	Dali Wireless	186
6.61	DASAN Zhone Solutions	187
6.62	Datang Mobile	188
6.63	Dell Technologies	189
6.64	DragonWave	190
6.65	eASIC Corporation	191
6.66	E-Band Communications	192
6.67	EBlink	193
6.68	ECI Telecom	194
6.69	Ekinops	195
6.70	ELVA-1	196
6.71	Eoptolink Technology	197
6.72	Ericsson	198
6.73	Ethernity Networks	201
6.74	ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)	202
6.75	Exalt Wireless	203
6.76	EXFO	204
6.77	ExteNet Systems	205
6.78	Extreme Networks	206
6.79	Facebook	207
6.80	Fairwaves	209
6.81	Faraday Technology Corporation	210
6.82	FastBack Networks	211
6.83	FiberHome Technologies	212
6.84	FibroLan	213
6.85	Finisar Corporation	214
6.86	Flex Logix Technologies	215
6.87	Foxconn Interconnect Technology	216
6.88	Fraunhofer FOKUS  (Institute for Open Communication Systems)	217
6.89	Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)	218
6.90	Frog Cellsat	219
6.91	Fujian Sunnada Network Technology	220
6.92	Fujitsu	221
6.93	Furukawa Electric Group	222
6.94	GigaLight	223
6.95	GlobalFoundaries	224
6.96	Google	225
6.97	HCL Technologies	227
6.98	HFR	228
6.99	Hisense	229
6.100	Hitachi	230
6.101	HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)	231
6.102	Huahuan	232
6.103	Huawei	233
6.104	HUBER+SUHNER	236
6.105	HXI	237
6.106	IBM Corporation	238
6.107	IDT (Integrated Device Technology)	239
6.108	Imec International	240
6.109	InCoax	241
6.110	Infineon Technologies	242
6.111	Infinera	243
6.112	InfiNet Wireless	244
6.113	InnoLight Technology	245
6.114	Intel Corporation	246
6.115	InterDigital	248
6.116	Intracom Telecom	249
6.117	IP Light	250
6.118	ip.access	251
6.119	IPITEK	252
6.120	Iskratel	253
6.121	IS-Wireless	254
6.122	ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)	255
6.123	JMA Wireless	256
6.124	JRC (Japan Radio Company)	257
6.125	Juni Global	258
6.126	Kathrein-Werke KG	259
6.127	KEYMILE	260
6.128	Keysight Technologies	261
6.129	Kisan Telecom	263
6.130	KMW	264
6.131	Lattice Semiconductor	265
6.132	LightPointe Communications	266
6.133	Lindsay Broadband	267
6.134	Loea Corporation	268
6.135	Lumentum	269
6.136	Luminate Wireless	270
6.137	MACOM Technology Solutions Holdings	271
6.138	Maja Systems	272
6.139	Maven Wireless	273
6.140	Mavenir Systems	274
6.141	MAX4G	275
6.142	MaxLinear	276
6.143	Mellanox Technologies	277
6.144	Microsemi Corporation	278
6.145	Microwave Networks	279
6.146	MIMOtech	280
6.147	Mitsubishi Electric Corporation	281
6.148	Mobiveil	282
6.149	Molex	283
6.15	Moseley Associates	284
6.151	MRV Communications	285
6.152	MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)	286
6.153	N.A.T.	287
6.154	Nash Technologies	288
6.155	NEC Corporation	289
6.156	Netonomics	291
6.157	NETSCOUT Systems	292
6.158	New Postcom Equipment	293
6.159	Nexcomm Systems	294
6.16	NexxCom Wireless	295
6.161	Node-H	296
6.162	Nokia Networks	297
6.163	NuRAN Wireless	300
6.164	NXP Semiconductors	301
6.165	Octasic	302
6.166	OE Solutions	303
6.167	Omnitron Systems	304
6.168	OneAccess Networks	305
6.169	Parallel Wireless	306
6.17	Peraso Technologies	307
6.171	Phluido	308
6.172	PMN (Private Mobile Networks)	309
6.173	Polewall	310
6.174	Potevio	311
6.175	Proxim Wireless Corporation	312
6.176	Qualcomm	313
6.177	Qucell	315
6.178	Qwilt	316
6.179	RACOM	317
6.18	RAD Data Communications	318
6.181	Radisys Corporation	319
6.182	RADWIN	320
6.183	Raisecom	321
6.184	Range Networks	322
6.185	Red Hat	323
6.186	Redline Communications	324
6.187	REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks	325
6.188	Saguna Networks	326
6.189	SAI Technology	327
6.19	Samji Electronics	328
6.191	Samsung Electronics	329
6.192	Sarokal Test Systems	332
6.193	SerComm Corporation	333
6.194	SIAE Microelectronica	334
6.195	Siklu Communication	335
6.196	Sistelbanda	336
6.197	SITRONICS	337
6.198	SK Telesys	338
6.199	SkyFiber	339
6.2	Solectek Corporation	340
6.201	SOLiD	341
6.202	Sooktha	342
6.203	Source Photonics	343
6.204	Spectronite	344
6.205	SpiderCloud Wireless	345
6.206	SRS (Software Radio Systems)	346
6.207	Star Solutions	347
6.208	Sumitomo Electric Industries	348
6.209	Sunwave Solutions	349
6.21	Tarana Wireless	350
6.211	Tata Elxsi	351
6.212	TEKTELIC Communications	352
6.213	Telco Systems	353
6.214	Tellabs	354
6.215	Tellion	355
6.216	Telrad Networks	356
6.217	TI (Texas Instruments)	357
6.218	Trango Systems	358
6.219	Transition Networks	359
6.22	Ubiquoss	360
6.221	UTStarcom	361
6.222	Vanu	362
6.223	Viavi Solutions	363
6.224	VMware	364
6.225	Vubiq Networks	365
6.226	Wave1	366
6.227	WiPro	367
6.228	Xelic	368
6.229	Xilinx	369
6.23	ZTE	371
		
Chapter 7: Market Analysis & Forecasts	373
7.1	Global Outlook for C-RAN Investments	373
7.2	Segmentation by Air Interface Technology	374
7.2.1	3G & LTE	374
7.2.2	5G NR (New Radio)	375
7.3	Segmentation by Network Architecture	375
7.3.1	Non-Virtualized C-RAN	376
7.3.2	vRAN/Cloud RAN	376
7.4	Segmentation by Submarket	377
7.4.1	RRHs	377
7.4.2	RRH Segmentation by Air Interface Technology	378
7.4.2.1	3G & LTE	379
7.4.2.2	5G NR	380
7.4.3	RRH Segmentation by Deployment Model	381
7.4.3.1	Indoor	382
7.4.3.2	Outdoor	383
7.4.4	RRH Segmentation by Cell Size	384
7.4.4.1	Small Cells	385
7.4.4.2	Macrocells	386
7.4.5	BBUs	387
7.4.6	BBU Segmentation by Air Interface Technology	388
7.4.6.1	3G & LTE	389
7.4.6.2	5G NR	390
7.4.7	Fronthaul	391
7.4.8	Fronthaul Segmentation by Transport Network Technology	392
7.4.8.1	Dedicated Fiber	392
7.4.8.2	WDM	393
7.4.8.3	OTN & PON	393
7.4.8.4	Ethernet	394
7.4.8.5	Microwave	394
7.4.8.6	Millimeter Wave	395
7.4.8.7	G.Fast & Others	395
7.5	Segmentation by Region	396
7.5.1	RRHs	396
7.5.2	BBUs	397
7.5.3	Fronthaul	398
7.6	Asia Pacific	399
7.6.1	RRHs	399
7.6.2	BBUs	400
7.6.3	Fronthaul	401
7.7	Eastern Europe	402
7.7.1	RRHs	402
7.7.2	BBUs	403
7.7.3	Fronthaul	404
7.8	Latin & Central America	405
7.8.1	RRHs	405
7.8.2	BBUs	406
7.8.3	Fronthaul	407
7.9	Middle East & Africa	408
7.9.1	RRHs	408
7.9.2	BBUs	409
7.9.3	Fronthaul	410
7.1	North America	411
7.10.1	RRHs	411
7.10.2	BBUs	412
7.10.3	Fronthaul	413
7.11	Western Europe	414
7.11.1	RRHs	414
7.11.2	BBUs	415
7.11.3	Fronthaul	416
		
Chapter 8: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations	417
8.1	Why is the Market Poised to Grow?	417
8.2	Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation	417
8.3	Setting the Foundation for 5G NR (New Radio) Upgrades	418
8.4	Integration with MEC (Mobile Edge Computing)	419
8.5	Towards a User Centric RAN Architecture	419
8.6	RAN Disaggregation: Blurring the Lines Between Small Cells and C-RAN	420
8.7	The Emergence of Enterprise RAN Platforms	421
8.8	Prospects of Cloud RAN	422
8.9	RANaaS (RAN-as-a-Service): Envisioning the Future of C-RAN	423
8.1	Enabling RAN Slicing	424
8.11	What is the Cost Savings Potential of C-RAN?	426
8.12	Geographic Outlook: Which Countries Offer the Highest Growth Potential?	427
8.13	Which Submarket will Lead the Market?	428
8.14	Strategic Recommendations	429
8.14.1	C-RAN Solution Providers	429
8.14.2	Mobile Operators	430
List of Figures

	Figure 1: C-RAN Architecture	32
	Figure 2: Key Characteristics of Small Cells	34
	Figure 3: Key RRH & BBU Functions	37
	Figure 4: RAN Functional Split Options	38
	Figure 5: Examples of Maximum Required Bitrate on a Fronthaul Link for Possible PHY-RF Split	39
	Figure 6: Performance Comparison of RAN Functional Split Options	41
	Figure 7: CPRI Protocol Layers	45
	Figure 8: vRAN Architecture	50
	Figure 9: Cloud RAN Concept	52
	Figure 10: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Exabytes)	53
	Figure 11: ETSI NFV Architecture	63
	Figure 12: M-CORD Focus Areas	73
	Figure 13: Small Cell Forum's Release Publication Process	75
	Figure 14: nFAPI Interfaces	76
	Figure 15: Localized C-RAN Deployment Model	82
	Figure 16: Enterprise C-RAN Deployment Model	83
	Figure 17: China Mobile’s Cloud RAN Vision	90
	Figure 18: NTT DoCoMo’s Advanced C-RAN Architecture	101
	Figure 19: Orange's Vision of C-RAN Fronthaul Implementation	103
	Figure 20: SK Telecom's SDRAN (Software Defined RAN) Architecture	105
	Figure 21: SoftBank's Virtualized Small Cell Trial	108
	Figure 22: C-RAN Industry Roadmap	120
	Figure 23: C-RAN Value Chain	123
	Figure 24: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	374
	Figure 25: Global C-RAN RRH & BBU Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	375
	Figure 26: Global C-RAN RRH & BBU Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	375
	Figure 27: Global C-RAN RRH & BBU Revenue in 5G NR Networks: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	376
	Figure 28: Global C-RAN RRH & BBU Revenue by Network Architecture: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	376
	Figure 29: Global Non-Virtualized C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	377
	Figure 30: Global vRAN/Cloud RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	377
	Figure 31: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	378
	Figure 32: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	378
	Figure 33: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	379
	Figure 34: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	379
	Figure 35: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	380
	Figure 36: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	380
	Figure 37: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	381
	Figure 38: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	381
	Figure 39: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	382
	Figure 40: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	382
	Figure 41: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	383
	Figure 42: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	383
	Figure 43: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	384
	Figure 44: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	384
	Figure 45: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	385
	Figure 46: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	385
	Figure 47: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	386
	Figure 48: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	386
	Figure 49: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	387
	Figure 50: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	387
	Figure 51: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	388
	Figure 52: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	388
	Figure 53: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	389
	Figure 54: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	389
	Figure 55: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	390
	Figure 56: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	390
	Figure 57: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	391
	Figure 58: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	391
	Figure 59: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)	392
	Figure 60: Global Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	392
	Figure 61: Global Fronthaul Revenue by Transport Network Technology: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	393
	Figure 62: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	393
	Figure 63: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	394
	Figure 64: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	394
	Figure 65: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	395
	Figure 66: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	395
	Figure 67: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	396
	Figure 68: Global G.Fast & Other Technologies Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	396
	Figure 69: C-RAN Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	397
	Figure 70: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	398
	Figure 71: RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	398
	Figure 72: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	398
	Figure 73: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	399
	Figure 74: Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	399
	Figure 75: Asia Pacific C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	400
	Figure 76: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	401
	Figure 77: Asia Pacific RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	401
	Figure 78: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	401
	Figure 79: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	402
	Figure 80: Asia Pacific Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	402
	Figure 81: Eastern Europe C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	403
	Figure 82: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	404
	Figure 83: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	404
	Figure 84: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	404
	Figure 85: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	405
	Figure 86: Eastern Europe Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	405
	Figure 87: Latin & Central America C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	406
	Figure 88: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	406
	Figure 89: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	407
	Figure 90: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	407
	Figure 91: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	408
	Figure 92: Latin & Central America Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	408
	Figure 93: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	409
	Figure 94: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	409
	Figure 95: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	410
	Figure 96: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	410
	Figure 97: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	411
	Figure 98: Middle East & Africa  Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	411
	Figure 99: North America C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	412
	Figure 100: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	412
	Figure 101: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	413
	Figure 102: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	413
	Figure 103: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	414
	Figure 104: North America Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	414
	Figure 105: Western Europe C-RAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	415
	Figure 106: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	415
	Figure 107: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	416
	Figure 108: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)	416
	Figure 109: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	417
	Figure 110: Western Europe Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	417
	Figure 111: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million)	422
	Figure 112: Distribution of C-RAN Investments by Network Architecture: 2020 (%)	423
	Figure 113: Conceptual Architecture for Network Slicing in Mobile Networks	425
	Figure 114: TCO Comparison Between Conventional RAN, C-RAN and Cloud RAN Architectures ($ per GB)	427
	Figure 115: Global C-RAN Spending Breakdown by Submarket: 2020 (%)	429 



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