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Solid State Thin Film Batteries: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, Nanotechnology, 2015 to 2021

Published: Apr, 2015 | Pages: 329 | Publisher: WinterGreen Research
Industry: Battery Technology | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

The solid state thin film battery market was valued at USD 9 million in 2014 and is expected to reach USD 1.3 billion from 2014 to 2021. Improvement of technology will improve the manufacture cost giving a boost to the market during the forecast period.
The Solid state thin film battery has a thickness of 1m is an amorphous lithium phosphorous oxynitride spit. This is commonly known as Lipon electrolyte and is preferred by development and research groups owing to its performance. Lipon electrolyte has adequate electrochemical steadiness & lithium ionic conductivity with transition metal cathodes and metallic lithium at 5.5 V potential of cell. Additionally, the electronic resistivity is more than 1014cm, which deeply reduces self-discharge by short circuit of the battery.

Solid state thin film batteries have a better storage capacity. It creates business variation by technology supporting new ability. Thin substrate illustrate is used in thin film batteries which gives longer life cycle. Sensor devices and systems generate requirement for solid state thin film batteries.

The market is focusing on manufacture and attaining marginal improvement, representing rising market development. The devices are made by the accessibility of tiny, low-cost, consistent batteries supplying printed circuit panel backup. Interconnectivity and intelligent infrastructure is achieved from smatter computing.

Important features like aboard storage and software are creating intelligent network. The requirement to analyze and capture more data, delivering results customers, and fast device reaction, without affecting the budget is role of better management systems. Major role is played by the backup power.

The applications are power bridging, wireless sensor networks, and permanent power backup. With the evolution of wireless sensor network and energy harvesting, stable source of uninterruptable power is provided by the solid state batteries that has longer life. In cases where charging is impossible, these batteries are evocative.
 Table of Cotents

Solid State Thin Film Battery Executive Summary
Advantages of Solid State Batteries
Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces
Improvements In Wireless Sensor Technologies Have Opened
Up New Solid State Battery Markets
Nanotechnology and Solid State Batteries

1. Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Description and Market Dynamics
1.1 World Economy Undergoing A Transformation
1.1.1 Global Economic Conditions:
1.1.2 Global Economy Becomes Steadily More Sluggish
1.1.3 Global Economic Conditions Impact Markets
1.2 Smarter Computing Depends on Solid State Thin Film Batteries
1.2.1 Intelligent Systems: The Next Era of IT Leverages Solid State Thin Film Batteries
1.2.2 Cloud and Virtualization from IBM WebSphere
1.3 Solid State Thin Film Battery Target Markets
1.3.1 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors
1.4 Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries
1.5 Integrated Energy Storage
1.5.1 Pervasive Power
1.6 Reducing Grid Energy Losses

2. Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares and Market Forecasts
2.1 Advantages of Solid State Batteries
2.1.1 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces
2.1.2 Improvements In Wireless Sensor Technologies Have Opened Up New Solid State Battery Markets
2.1.3 Nanotechnology and Solid State Batteries
2.2 Solid State Battery Market Shares
2.2.1 Cymbet
2.2.2 Cymbet EnerChip
2.2.3 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) THINERGY
2.2.4 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Leader Analysis
2.3 Solid State Thin-Film Battery (TFB) Market Forecasts
2.3.1 Solid State Battery Market Forecast Analysis
2.3.2 IBM Smarter Planet
2.4 Applications for Solid State Thin Film Battery Battery
2.4.1 Cymbet Millimeter Scale Applications
2.4.2 Cymbet Ultra Low Power Management Applications
2.4.3 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Segment Analysis
2.4.4 Embedded Systems Need Solid State Batteries
2.4.5 Energy Harvesting
2.4.6 Near Field Communication (NFC) Transactions
2.5 Battery Market
2.6 Wireless Sensor Market
2.6.1 Benefits Of Energy Harvesting
2.6.2 Solid-State Battery Advantages
2.6.3 Comparison of Battery Performances
2.7 Solid State Thin Film Battery Price and Installed Base Analysis
2.8 Solid State Thin Film Battery Regional Analysis

3. Solid State Thin Film Battery Product Description
3.1 Cymbet Solid State Batteries (SSB)
3.1.1 Cymbet Solid State Batteries (SSB) Eco-Friendly Features
3.1.2 Cymbet EnerChip Bare Die Solid State Batteries are Verified Non-cytotoxic
3.1.3 Cymbet EnerChip Solid State Battery Fabrication
3.1.4 Cymbet Embedded Energy Concepts For Micro- Power Chip Design
3.1.5 Cymbet Embedded Energy Silicon Substrate Architecture
3.1.6 Cymbet Pervasive Power Architecture
3.1.7 Cymbet Cross Power Grid Similarities and Point of Load Power Management
3.1.8 Cymbet Solid State Rechargeable Energy Storage Devices
3.1.9 Cymbet Integrated Energy Storage for Point of Load Power Delivery
3.1.10 Cymbet Energy Processors and Solid State Batteries
3.1.11 Cymbet Millimeter Scale
3.1.12 Cymbet Millimeter Scale Energy Harvesting EH Powered Sensors
3.1.13 Cymbet Building Millimeter Scale EH-based Computers
3.1.14 Cymbet Designing and Deploying Millimeter Scale Sensors
3.1.15 Cymbet Permanent Power Using Solid State Rechargeable Batteries
3.1.16 Cymbet Ultra Low Power Management
3.1.17 Cymbet EH Wireless Sensor Components
3.2 Infinite Power Solutions
3.2.1 Infinite Power Solutions THINERGY MECs from IPS
3.2.2 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) THINERGY MEC225 Device:
3.2.3 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) THINERGY MEC220
3.2.4 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) THINERGY MEC201
3.2.5 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Thinergy® MEC202
3.2.6 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Recharging THINERGY Micro-Energy Cells
3.2.7 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) THINERGY Charging Methods
3.2.8 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Battery Technology For Smart Phones
3.2.9 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) High-Capacity Cells for Smart Phones
3.2.10 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) 4v Solid-State Battery Ceramic Technology With Energy Density >1,000wh/L
3.2.11 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) All-Solid-State HEC Technology
3.3 Excelatron
3.3.1 Excelatron Current State of the Art For Thin Film Batteries
3.3.2 High Temperature Performance of Excellatron Thin Film Batteries
3.3.3 Excelatron Solid State Battery Long Cycle Life
3.3.4 Excelatron Discharge Capacities & Profiles
3.3.5 Excellatron Polymer Film Substrate for Thin Flexible Profile
3.3.6 Excelatron High Power & Energy Density, Specific Power & Energy
3.3.7 Excellatron High Rate Capability
3.3.8 Excellatron High Capacity Thin Film Batteries
3.4 NEC
3.4.1 Toyota

4. Solid State Thin Film Battery Technology
4.1 Technologies For Manufacture Of Solid State Thin Film Batteries
4.2 Cymbet EnerChip™ Solid State Battery Charges 10 Chips Connected In Parallel
4.2.1 Cymbet EnerChip Provides Drop-in Solar Energy Harvesting
4.2.2 Cymbet Wireless Building Automation
4.2.3 Cymbet Solutions: Industry transition to low power IC chips
4.2.4 Cymbet Manufacturing Sites
4.2.5 Cymbet Energy Harvesting Evaluation Kit
4.2.6 EnerChip Products are RoHS Compliant
4.2.7 Cymbet Safe to Transport Aboard Aircraft
4.3 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Ceramics
4.3.1 Infinite Power Solutions (IPS) Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LiCoO2) Cathode and a Li-Metal Anode Technology
4.3.2 Infinite Power Solutions Technology Uses Lithium
4.3.3 IPS Thin, Flexible Battery Smaller Than A Backstage Laminate
4.3.4 IPS Higher-Density Solid-State Battery Technology
4.4 NEC Technology For Lithium-Ion Batteries
4.4.1 NEC Using Nickel In Replacement Of A Material
4.4.2 NEC Changed The Solvent Of The Electrolyte Solution
4.5 Air Batteries: Lithium Ions Convert Oxygen Into Lithium Peroxide
4.6 Nanotechnology and Solid State Thin Film Batteries
4.6.1 MIT Solid State Thin Film Battery Research
4.6.2 ORNL Scientists Reveal Battery Behavior At The Nanoscale
4.6.3 Rice University and Lockheed Martin Scientists Discovered Way To Use Silicon To Increase Capacity Of Lithium-Ion Batteries
4.6.4 Rice University50 Microns Battery
4.6.5 Next Generation Of Specialized Nanotechnology
4.6.6 Nanotechnology
4.6.7 Components Of A Battery
4.6.8 Impact Of Nanotechnology
4.6.9 Nanotechnology Engineering Method
4.6.10 Why Gold Nanoparticles Are More Precious Than Pretty Gold
4.6.11 Silicon Nanoplate Strategy For Batteries
4.6.12 Graphene Electrodes Developed for Supercapacitors
4.6.13 Nanoscale Materials for High Performance Batteries
4.7 John Bates Patent: Thin Film Battery and Method for Making Same
4.7.1 J. B. Bates,a N. J. Dudney, B. Neudecker, A. Ueda, and C. D. Evans Thin-Film Lithium and Lithium-Ion Batteries
4.8 MEMS Applications
4.8.1 MEMS Pressure Sensors
4.9 c-Si Manufacturing Developments
4.9.1 Wafers
4.9.2 Texturization
4.9.3 Emitter Formation
4.9.4 Metallization
4.9.5 Automation, Statistical Process Control (SPC), Advanced Process Control (APC)
4.9.6 Achieving Well-controlled Processes
4.9.7 Incremental Improvements
4.10   Transition Metal Oxides, MnO
4.11   Battery Cell Construction
4.11.1 Lithium Ion Cells Optimized For Capacity
4.11.2 Flat Plate Electrodes
4.11.3 Spiral Wound Electrodes
4.11.4 Multiple Electrode Cells
4.11.5 Fuel Cell Bipolar Configuration
4.11.6 Electrode Interconnections
4.11.7 Sealed Cells and Recombinant Cells
4.11.8 Battery Cell Casing
4.11.9 Button Cells and Coin Cells
4.11.10 Pouch Cells
4.11.11 Prismatic Cells
4.12 Naming Standards For Cell Identification
4.12.1 High Power And Energy Density
4.12.2 High Rate Capability
4.13   Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance
4.14   Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte
4.14.1 Challenges in Battery and Battery System Design
4.15   Types of Batteries
4.15.1 Lead-Acid Batteries
4.15.2 Nickel-Based Batteries
4.15.3 Conventional Lithium-ion Technologies
4.15.4 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries
4.15.5 Thin Film Battery Solid State Energy Storage
4.15.6 Ultra Capacitors
4.15.7 Fuel Cells
4.16   Battery Safety / Potential Hazards
4.16.1 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction
4.16.2 Battery Is Electrochemical Device
4.16.3 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy
4.16.4 Characteristics Of Battery Cells

5 Solid State Thin Film Battery Company Profiles
5.1 Balsara Research Group, UC Berkley
5.2 Cymbet
5.2.1 Cymbet Customer/Partner TI
5.2.2 Cymbet EH Building Automation
5.2.3 Cymbet Semi Passive RF Tag Applications
5.2.4 Cymbet Enerchips Environmental Regulation Compliance
5.2.5 Cymbet Investors
5.2.6 Cymbet Investors
5.2.7 Cymbet Distribution
5.2.8 Cymbet Authorized Resellers
5.2.9 Cymbet Private Equity Financing
5.3 Johnson Research & Development / Excellatron
5.3.1 Characteristics of Excellatron Batteries:
5.3.2 Excellatron Thin Film Solid State Battery Applications
5.3.3 Excellatron Strategic Relationships
5.4 Infinite Power Solutions
5.4.2 Infinite Power Solutions Breakthrough Battery Technology
5.4.3 IPS Targets Smart Phone Batteries
5.5 MIT Solid State Battery Research
5.5.1 When Discharging, Special Lithium Air Batteries Draw In Some Lithium Ions To Convert Oxygen Into Lithium Peroxide
5.6 NEC
5.6.1 NEC IT Services Business
5.6.2 NEC Platform Business
5.6.3 NEC Carrier Network Business
5.6.4 NEC Social Infrastructure Business
5.6.5 NEC Personal Solutions Business
5.7 Planar Energy Devices
5.8 Seeo
5.8.1 Seeo Investors
5.9 Toyota
5.10   Watchdata Technologies
5.11 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. Polymer Lithium Ion Battery 209
5.11.1 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. 210
5.12 Imprint Energy 212
5.12.1 Imprint Energy Aims To Reshape The Battery Landscape 212
5.13 ITN Lithium Technology 213
5.13.1 ITN’s Lithium EC sub-Division Focused On Development And
Commercialization of EC 214
5.13.2 ITN’s SSLB Division Thin-Film Battery Technology 215
5.13.3 ITN Lithium Air Battery 216
5.13.4 ITN Fuel Cell 218
5.13.5 ITN Thin-film Deposition Systems 220
5.13.6 ITN Real Time Process Control 221
5.13.7 ITN Plasmonics 225
5.13.8 ITN's Lithium Technology 226
5.13.9 ITN Lithium Electrochromics 228
5.14 Johnson Research Product Development 232
5.15 Kunshan Printed Electronics Ltd. 233
5.16 KSW Microtec 233
5.16.1 KSW Microtec Efficient Flexible, Producer of RFID Components 233
5.17 Matsushita / Panasonic / Sanyo / Sanyo Solar 234
5.18 NEC Corporation 234
5.18.1 NEC Group Vision 2017 235
5.1.1 NEC Printed Battery 235
5.18.2 NEC Develops Ultra-Thin Organic Radical Battery Compatible with IC
Cards 236
5.18.3 NEC Radio tags 239
5.18.4 NEC RFID Tag 239
5.18.5 NEC Nanotechnology Thin And Flexible Organic Radical Battery (ORB)
5.18.6 NEC / Nissan / AESC (Automotive Energy Supply Corporation) 246
5.19 Oak Ridge National Laboratory 247
5.20 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy 250
5.20.1 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy, Inc. 251
5.20.2 Oak Ridge 105mm x 60mm 3.0 Ah Lithium Ion Ultra Safe Prismatic Cell
5.21 Paper Battery Company 256
5.21.1 Paper Battery PowerWrapper™ Supercapacitor 257
5.22 Leonhard Kurz / PolyIC 258
5.23 PolyPlus 259
5.23.1 Poly Plus Lithium Water 259
5.24 Prelonic Technologies 259
5.24.1 Prelonic Technologies Printed Batteries 260
5.25 Prelonic Technology 262
5.26 Prieto Battery 262
5.26.1 Prieto Battery 267
5.26.2 Prieto Battery Reducing The Thickness Of The Electrode Results In
Lower Energy
Capacity And Shorter Operating Time 268
5.26.3 Prieto Battery Nanowires Make Up The First Key Piece Of The Battery,
The Anode 269
5.26.4 Proposed Architecture of the Prieto battery 269
5.27 ProLogium 272
5.27.1 ProLogium Solid-State LCB (Lithium Ceramic Battery) 273
5.27.2 ProLogium PLCB (Pouch Type- LCB) 275
5.27.3 ProLogium ELCB (Logithium) 278
5.28 ProtoFlex Thin Film Batteries 279
5.29 PS 280
5.30 Saft 280
5.30.1 Saft, Building For Future Growth 281
5.30.2 Attractive market positioning in high-end niche markets 281
5.31 Samsung 281
5.32 Solicore 282
5.33 Sony Corporation 284
5.33.1 Sony Technology 284
5.34 STMicroelectronics (NYSE:STM) 285
5.34.1 STMicroelectronics Product Technologies 287
5.34.2 ST Custom and Semi-Custom Chips 290
5.1.17 STM Application-Specific Standard Products (ASSPs) 291
5.34.3 ST Secure ICs 292
5.34.4 ST Application Specific Discretes (ASD™) 293
5.34.5 ST In-Check “Lab-on-Chip” 293
5.34.6 ST Multi-Segment Products 293
5.34.7 ST Microcontrollers 294
5.34.8 ST Smart Power Devices 294
5.34.9 ST Standard Linear and Logic 295
5.34.10 ST Discretes 295
5.34.11 ST Protection Devices 296
5.34.12 ST Sensors 296
5.34.13 ST RF 297
5.34.14 ST Real-time Clocks 297
5.1.2 STMicroelectronic EnFilm: Thin-film Batteries 297
5.35 Tesla 298
5.36 Texas Instruments (TXN:NYSE) 299
5.37 Umicore Thin Film Products 300
5.37.1 Umicore Materials Technology Group 301
5.38 VTT 302
5.39 Zibo Dison 303
5.40 Battery manufacturers 304
List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 26
Table ES-2 Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 29
Table ES-3 Thin Film Battery Benefits 30
Table ES-4 Comparison Of Battery Performance 31
Figure ES-5 Thin Film Battery Energy Density 32
Figure ES-6 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 34
Figure ES-7 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 36
Table 1-1 Thin Film Battery Target Markets 40
Table 1-2 Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries 42
Table 1-3 Challenges in Battery and Battery System Design 43
Figure 1-4 Discharge of a Lithium Battery 52
Table 1-6 Characteristics Of Battery Cells 58
Table 2-1 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 61
Table 2-2 Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 64
Table 2-3 Thin Film Battery Benefits 65
Table 2-4 Comparison Of Battery Performance 66
Figure 2-5 Thin Film Battery Energy Density 67
Figure 2-6 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 69
Table 2-7 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 70
Table 2-8 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 71
Figure 2-9 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 73
Table 2-10 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 74
Table 2-11 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market, Energy Harvesting, Power Bridging, and Wireless Sensor Networks, Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 75
Table 2-12 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market, Energy Harvesting, Power Bridging, and Wireless Sensor Networks, Forecasts, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021 76
Table 2-13 Solid State Battery Applications 77
Figure 2-14 Smarter Computing Depends on Instrumented Devices 80
Figure 2-15 Smarter Planet Impact on IT 81
Table 2-16 Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 84
Figure 2-17 Mouser Solid State Thin Film Battery Offerings 87
Table 2-18 Solid State Thin Film Battery Regional Market Segments, 2014 93
Table 2-19 SOlid State Thin Film Battery Regional Market Segments, 2014 94
Table 3-1 Cymbet Applications 97
Table 3-2 Cymbet EnerChip Industry Target Markets 99
Table 3-3 Cymbet Solid State Energy Storage Backup Target Markets 100
Figure 3-4 Cymbet EnerChip CBC3105-BDC: 102
Table 3-5 Cymbet EnerChip: Target Markets 103
Table 3-6 Cymbet Energy Harvesting Applications 105
Table 3-7 Cymbet EnerChips ROI 109
Table 3-8 Cymbet EnerChips Features 110
Table 3-9 Cymbet EnerChip Improve End-Product Sales 111
Table 3-10 Cymbet EnerChip Feature Sets 112
Table 3-11 Cymbet EnerChip CC Features 113
Table 3-12 Cymbet EnerChip Components 114
Figure 3-13 EnerChip RTC Uses an Embedded Energy Co-Package 116
Figure 3-14 EnerChip Bare Die Soldering 117
Table 3-15 Cymbet's EnerChip Benefits 120
Figure 3-16 Apple iWatch 126
Table 4-1 Solid-State Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 131
Figure 4-2 Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory Battery Behavior At The Nanoscale 134
Figure 4-3 Rice Researchers Advanced Lithium-Ion Technique has Microscopic pores that dot a silicon wafer 137
Figure 4-4 Rice University50 Microns Battery 140
Figure 4-5 Silver Nanoplates Decorated With Silver Oxy Salt Nanoparticles 142
Table 4-6 Approaches to Selective Emitter (SE) Technologies 146
Table 2-7 Comparison Of Battery Performances 157
Table 4-8 Common Household-Battery Sizes, Shape, and Dimensions 158
Figure 4-9 Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargeable Batteries 159
Table 5-1 Blue Spark Printed, Carbon-Zinc Battery Target Markets 163
Table 5-2 Blue Spark Printed Battery Target Markets 165
Table 5-3 Blue Spark printed battery Properties 166
Table 5-4 Blue Spark Ultra-Thin UT Batteries Form Factor Applications 167
Figure 5-5 Cymbet Elk River Manufacturing Facility 174
Figure 5-6 Cymbet Lubbock Texas Manufacturing Site 175
Figure 5-7 Authorized Distributors 177
Table 5-8 Enfucell SoftBattery Applications 187
Table 5-9 FlexEl Battery Solutions Products 188
Table 5-10 FlexEl Battery 189
Figure 5-11 FlexEl Primary Disposable Solution 191
Figure 5-12 FlexEl Disposable Battery Specifications 192
Figure 5-13 FlexEl Rechargable Battery Specifications 193
Table 5-14 Front Edge Technology Description 196
Table 5-15 GS NANOTECH 203
Figure 5-16 GS Nanotech Thin Film Battery 204
Figure 5-17 GS NANOTECH Thin Film Battery 204
Figure 5-18 GS Nanotech Nanotechnology 205
Table 5-19 GS NANOTECH Thin Film Battery Advantages 206
Figure 5-20 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. Polymer Lithium Ion Battery 209
Table 5-21 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Offerings 211
Table 5-22 Imprint Energy Battery Features 213
Table 5-23 ITN Technologies 217
Figure 5-24 ITN Thin Film Battery Technology 217
Figure 5-25 ITN Battery 219
Figure 5-26 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems 220
Figure 5-27 ITN’s Thin-Film Deposition Systems 221
Table 5-28 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems Products and Services Offered 223
Table 5-29 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems 224
Figure 5-30 ITNIYN Fuel Cells 226
Table 5-31 ITN’s SSLB Solid-State Lithium Battery Target Markets 229
Table 5-32 ITN’s SSLB Technology Advantages 230
Table 5-33 ITN Technologies 231
Figure 5-34 NEC Printed Battery 235
Figure 5-35 NEC ORB Thin, Flexible Battery Technology 238
Figure 5-36 NEC ORB Battery 240
Figure 5-37 NEC ORB Flexible Battery 241
Table 5-38 NEC Nanotechnology Thin And Flexible Organic Radical Battery (ORB) Characteristics Of The Technologies 243
Figure 5-39 NEC Organic Radical Battery 244
Table 5-40 Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Advance Battery Materials And Processing Technology Contracts 248
Table 5-41 Oak Ridge National Laboratory And Battery Manufacturers Energy Materials Program Aspects 249
Figure 5-42 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy 251
Figure 5-43 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy Discharge of a Thin-Film Lithium Battery At Current Densities of 0.02, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mA/cm2 253
Figure 5-44 Discharge of a thin-film lithium-ion battery at current densities of 0.02, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mA/cm2 254
Figure 5-45 Ragone Plots Graph Of Energy vs. Power Per Unit Area Of The Cathode From The Discharge Data For The Lithium And Lithium-Ion Batteries 255
Figure 5-46 Poly IC Printed Electronics 258
Figure 5-47 Prelonic Technologies Chemical Systems 260
Figure 5-48 Prieto Battery 3D architecture 263
Figure 5-49 Prieto Battery Nanowires Li-ion Batteries Using A 3D Structure 270
Table 5-50 Prieto Battery Features 271
Figure 5-51 ProLogium Solid-State LCB (Lithium Ceramic Battery) Characteristics 274
Figure 5-52 Solicore Flexion Lithium Polymer Batteries 283
Table 5-53 Umicore Business Areas 300
Figure 5-54 Umicore Thin Film Products 301 

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