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Small Cells: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2018 to 2024

Published: Jan, 2018 | Pages: 248 | Publisher: WinterGreen Research
Industry: Telecommunications | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Global small cells market is expected to grow at a significant CAGR in the upcoming period as the scope and its applications are rising enormously across the globe. Small cells are low-powered cellular radio access point with a low radio frequency that function in the unlicensed and licensed spectrum. It is controlled by operators and can be installed indoor or outdoor sector. Numerous types of small cell vary according to range, form factor, and power level. The smallest units for indoor residential use, whereas largest units for rural or urban outdoor.

The total value of the small cells market is $12.5 billion in 2017, up from $10.35 billion in 2016.  Markets grow to $58.7 billion in 2024. The factors that are playing a major role in the growth of small cells market are rising use of enhanced technology in mobile broadband services and advancements in security systems. Small Cells Market is segmented based on technology, product type, and region. 4G/LTE, 3G, and 2G are the latest technologies that could be explored in small cells in the forecast period. 3G small cell sector may account for the significant market share of small cells and is estimated to lead the overall market in the years to come. The reason behind the overall market growth could be a rapid rise in shipments and high demand across the globe.

Picocell, femtocell, metrocell, microcell, and the other product types could be explored in small cells in the forecast period. Femtocell sector may account for the significant market share of small cells and is estimated to lead the overall market in the years to come. The reason behind the overall market growth could be a rise in value-added services that are available on smartphone applications; high demand from network operators to provide better coverage, and growing acceptance of smart computing devices.

Small cells market is segmented geographically into Americas (North America, South America), Europe (Eastern Europe, Western Europe), Asia Pacific (India, China, Japan, New Zealand, and Australia), Middle East (UAE, Saudi, and Qatar) and Africa (South Africa).

Globally, North America may account for the significant market share of small cells and is estimated to lead the overall market in the years to come. The reason behind the overall market growth could be raised penetration of internet-allowed devices, availability of faster internet connections, and the rise in mobile data traffic. The United States is a major consumer of small cells in this region.

Europe and the Asia Pacific are also estimated to have a positive influence on the future growth. Europe is the second largest region with significant market share. However, Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR in the forecast period. The key players of small cells market are ZTE, Cisco, Nokia, Ericsson, Huawei, Airspan, Ubiquiti Networks, Alpha Networks, Ruckus Wireless, Edgewater Wireless Systems, Hitachi, and Gemtek Technology. These players are concentrating on inorganic growth to sustain themselves amidst fierce competition.
 
Figure 1. Small Cell Market Driving Forces
•  Need for enabling evolution of local communications network
•  Availability of fully virtualized, distributed, ultra-reliable software 
•  Effective software for controlling agile infrastructure
•  Automation facilitates large-scale low-cost network densification 
•  Lowers cost by implementing network through third-party deployments
•  Effective integration of base small cell technologies 
•   Systems integration achieved with open and interoperable standards
•  Open and interoperable standards needed to ensure competition
•  open and interoperable standards needed to ensure economies of scale
•  Adoption of these 5G Era technologies will require culture shifts in processes
Source:  WinterGreen Research, Inc.
 
Figure 2. Small Cell Infrastructure Critical Issues
• Service providers are focused on densification
• Small cells are a critical part of the infrastructure for key 5G implementations
• 5G deployment needs small cells
• >6GHz spectrum propagation limits cell sizes
• Shared and license-exempt spectrum mandates lower power
• Areas of hyper-dense broadband traffic need small cells
• Small cells meet demand in cities, stadia, transport hubs
• Scalable deployment
• Low-cost deployment 
• Using a low-skilled, third-party, or end-user workforce
• Small/medium enterprises requiring self-deployed indoor coverage
• Coverage extension in rural, remote, moving and temporary deployment
• Scenarios with equipment size, weight or power constraints.
Source:  WinterGreen Research, Inc.
 
Companies Profiled

Market Leaders

•	Ericsson
•	Huawei
•	Nokia / Alcatel-Lucent
•	NEC
•	ZTE
•	Samsung
•	Fujitsu

Market Participants

•	Airspan
•	ANs
•	ADRF
•	AT&T
•	Ciena
•	Cisco Small Cells
•	CommScope
•	Corning Spidercloud
•	ip.access
•	NTSI
•	Optimos
•	Qualcomm
•	Signal Booster.com
•	Small Cell Forum
•	Solid Technologies
•	Zouk Capital / ip.access

Key Topics

•	Small Cells
•	Virtualization
•	Cloud
•	Edge
•	Functional splits.
•	LTE Small Cell
•	5G
•	Network Densification
•	Hybrid Ethernet Based DAS
•	DAS
•	In Building Wireless
•	Broadband Traffic
•	In Air Interface Solutions
•	Outdoor and Stadium Deployments
•	Heterogeneous Network
•	Hung On Aerial Coax, Fiber, Or Electricity Cables
•	Distributed business
•	Enterprise
•	End-To-End Integrated Small Cells
•	Metro Cell Solution Signal Transmission
•	ADRF Positioning
•	Bandwidth Allocation
•	Across enterprise boundaries
 Table of Contents

Abstract: Small Cells Used to Improve Wireless Coverage, Close the Gaps in Coverage 1
Small Cells Executive Summary 18
Small Cell Market Driving Forces 18
Small Cell Market Shares 23
Small Cell Market Forecasts 24

1. Small Cells: Market Description and Market Dynamics 26
1.1 Small Cells Definition 26
1.1.1 Small Cells Set To Be Major Enabler for 5G 27
1.1.2 Vision for 5G 27
1.1.3 Outdoor Small Cell Market Is in The Beginning Stages Of Deployment29
1.2 Small Cells Bring Transformational 5G 31
Small Cells Market Driving Forces 32
1.3 Small Cell Networks 34
1.3.1 Small Cells Industry Addresses Fast-Paced Change 35
1.4 Small Cell Signal Enhancement 38
1.5 Shared Spectrum Radios 42
1.6 Base Station Functional Splits 43
1.6.1 Small Cells Miniature Cellular Base Stations 44
1.6.2 Small Cell Operator Challenges 47
1.6.3 Small Cell Base Stations 47
1.7 5G Envisioned As A Unifying Connectivity Fabric That Connects Everything Around Us 50
1.8 Business Model for Small Cells 53
1.8.1 Small Cell Site Risks Different From Tower Site Risks 54

2. Small Cells Market Shares and Forecasts 57
2.1 Small Cell Market Driving Forces 57
2.2 Small Cell Market Shares 62
2.2.1 Huawei 68
2.2.2 Ericsson Small Cells 70
2.2.3 Commscope / Airvana 71
2.3 Small Cell Market Forecasts 71
2.3.1 Small Cell Applications 3G, 4G, and 5G 74
2.3.1 Small Cell Installed Base 78
2.3.2 Small Cell Installation Issues 79
2.3.3 Microcells, Femtocells, and Picocells 80
2.3.4 Small Cell Backhaul 84
2.3.5 Small Cell Femtocells, Picocells, And Microcells 85
2.3.6 Enterprise Small Cell Market Forecast 92
2.3.7 Enterprise Needs For Indoor Coverage 95
2.3.8 Small Cells Industry Challenges 96
2.3.9 Small Cell Response to Market Challenges 97
2.3.10 DAS 98
2.4 Small Cell Booster Units 101
2.5 Number Of Mobile Internet Users 103
2.5.1 Telecommunications Fiber 111
2.5.2 Internet Traffic Growth 113
2.6 Small Cell 5G Analysis 115
2.6.1 Crowdsourcing Small Cells 122
2.7 DAS Analysis 122
2.8 Fiber Markets 123
2.8.1 5G Handles 10x More Data Than 4G 125
2.9 Small Cell Prices 126
2.10 Small Cell Regional Market Analysis 131
2.10.1 Wholesale Turf Vendor Mobile Backhaul Network Operators 133
2.10.2 US Small Cell Networks 133
2.10.3 San Francisco Leads in Municipal Small Cell Deployment 135
2.10.4 San Francisco Leads the Way in Municipal Small Cell Deployment 137
2.10.5 Asia-Pacific Market 138
2.10.6 China 138
2.10.7 Japan 138
2.10.8 UK 138
2.10.9 UK EE 138
2.10.10 Iran 139
2.10.11 Small Cell Deployments by Region and Density, Indoor and Outdoor, Architecture 140

3. Small Cells Product Description 141
3.1 Wireless Industry Small Cells for Homeowners 141

4. Small Cells Research and Technology 146
4.1 Modern Mobile Network 146
4.2 Small Cell Turfing Vendor Site Analysis 148
4.3 Session Border Controller (SBC) 149
4.3.1 China's Quantum-Key Network, the Largest Ever, Is Officially Online 150
4.4 Small Cell Legislation in California 150
4.4.1 Competitiveness of Nations 151
4.5 Industry Associations 156
4.5.1 Cambridge Wireless 156
4.6 Small Cells Local Regulations 156
4.6.1 ETSI 157
4.7 Macro Network Layer 159

5. Small Cells Company Profiles 162
5.1 Airspan 162
5.2 ANs 163
5.2.1 ANS Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS), Small Cells 165
5.3 ADRF 166
5.4 AT&T 168
5.4.1 AT&T Small Cells 168
5.4.2 Fiber is Key to 5G 169
5.5 Ciena 170
5.5.1 Ciena Reports Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2017 and Year-End Financial Results 171
5.6 Cisco Small Cells 171
5.6.1 Cisco Universal Small Cell 8000 Series End-Of-Life 172
5.7 CommScope 173
5.7.1 Commscope Revenue 178
5.7.2 Airvana 178
5.7.3 Airvana Targets Mobile Operators 181
5.8 Corning Spidercloud 181
5.8.1 SpiderCloud LTE Small Cell Technology 182
5.8.2 Corning Acquires SpiderCloud Wireless 183
5.9 Ericsson Small Cells 184
5.9.1 Ericsson Holistic View Of The Network 184
5.9.2 Ericsson Benefits Of Integrated Small Cells 185
5.9.3 Ericsson Lightpole Site 188
5.9.4 Ericsson Radio Dot System 192
5.9.5 Ericsson Dual Band Radio Dot 193
5.9.6 Hardened Radio Dot for Outdoor and Stadium Deployments 194
5.9.7 Ericsson Small Cell In-Building Solutions 197
5.9.8 Ericsson AT&T Qualcomm, and Small cells 198
5.10 Huawei 199
5.10.1 Huawei Small Cell Achievements in 4.5G/5G Technologies 202
5.10.2 Densify Cellular Networks, Creating Serious Inter-Cell Interference Solution 204
5.10.3 Huawei Revenue 207
5.11 ip.access 208
5.11.1 Industry Standard 209
5.12 Nokia 210
5.12.1 Nokia Small Cells Improve TCO 211
5.12.2 Nokia Small Cells Deliver Cost-Effective Capacity And Coverage, Indoors And Outdoors, Key To Network Innovation 212
5.12.3 Small Cells Support Heterogeneous Network 222
5.12.4 Nokia Small Cell Deployments 222
5.12.5 Smart WiFi Delivers Carrier Grade Wireless Access with Nokia AirScale Wi-Fi 223
5.12.6 Nokia AirScale Wi-Fi Allows Service Providers Without Licensed Spectrum To Run a Wi-Fi service That Takes Advantage Of Mobile Edge Computing223
5.13 NTSI 225
5.14 Optimos 226
5.14.1 City of New York selects Optimos 226
5.14.2 Irma and Maria Recovery – Acorn 227
5.14.3 Optimos International to Rollout PICOs Nationally 228
5.15 Qualcomm 229
5.16 Samsung 230
5.17 Signal Booster.com 231
5.17.1 Cellular Signal Booster, Das, Public Safety Das Equipment 231
5.17.2 Public Safety Bands 232
5.18 Small Cell Forum 233
5.19 Solid Technologies 236
5.20 Zouk Capital / ip.access 238
5.21 ZTE 239
5.22 Selected List of Small Cell Companies 241
5.22.1 Cell Phone Signal Boosters For Home 241
WinterGreen Research, 243
WinterGreen Research Methodology 244
WinterGreen Research Process 245
Market Research Study 246
WinterGreen Research Global Market Intelligence Company 247
List of Figures

Figure 1. Small Cell Market Driving Forces 18
Figure 2. Small Cell Infrastructure Critical Issues 19
Figure 3. Industry Increasing Network Bandwidth Dramatically 21
Figure 4. Converged Networks 22
Figure 5. Small Cell Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2017 23
Figure 6. Small Cells Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 24
Figure 7. Vision for 5G 28
Figure 8. Small Cells That Amplify Cellular Phone Signals Making Possible More Uses Of A Mobile Phone Indoors 29
Figure 9. Barriers To Market Development for Outdoor Small Cell Market In Beginning Stages Of Deployment 30
Figure 10. Cost Of An Outdoor Small Cell Issues 30
Figure 11. Constraints on 5G Development 31
Figure 12. Small Cells Market Driving Forces 33
Figure 13. Small Cells Industry Adaptation To Change 36
Figure 14. Small Cells Industry Adaptations 37
Figure 15. Small Cells Industry Imperatives 37
Figure 16. Inside Building Poor RF Coverage, RF Distribution Systems 39
Figure 17. Cell Phone Signal Enhancement Process 40
Figure 18. Cell Phone Signal Simulation using iBwave 41
Figure 19. Types of Buildings Using Cell Phone Signal Enhancement 41
Figure 20. Shared Spectrum Radios Network Changes 42
Figure 21. 5G Small Cell Benefits 43
Figure 22. Low Cost Characteristics Of Small Cells 45
Figure 23. Fixed Mobile Convergence Handset Illustration 48
Figure 24. 5G Innovation Platform Features 51
Figure 25. Small Cell Industry Increasing Network Bandwidth Dramatically 52
Figure 26. Small Cell Business Model Elements 53
Figure 27. Small Cell Operational Risks Different From Tower Site Rental Business 55
Figure 28. Small Cell Market Driving Forces 57
Figure 29. Small Cell Infrastructure Critical Issues 58
Figure 30. Industry Increasing Network Bandwidth Dramatically 60
Figure 31. Converged Networks 61
Figure 32. Small Cell Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2017 62
Figure 33. Small Cell Equipment Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2017 63
Figure 34. Small Cell Market Driving Forces 64
Figure 35. Small Cell Market Factors 65
Figure 36. Fiber Homes Passed AT&T 66
Figure 37. Small Cell 4.5G Technologies Implementations 69
Figure 38. Ericsson Multi-Operator Dot Small Cell 70
Figure 39. Small Cells Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 72
Figure 40. Small Cell Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 73
Figure 41. Small Cell Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2018-2024 73
Figure 42. 5G Application Network Improvements 75
Figure 43. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, 3G, 4G, and 5G, Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 76
Figure 44. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, 3G, 4G, and 5G, Dollars and Percent, Worldwide, 2018-2024 77
Figure 45. Small Cell Market Forecasts, Installed Units and Dollars Shipped, Worldwide, 2018-2024 78
Figure 46. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, Microcells, Femtocells, Metrocell, Picocells, Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 80
Figure 47. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, Microcells, Femtocells, Metrocell, Picocells, Dollars and Percent, Worldwide, 2018-2024 82
Figure 48. Power, Coverage, and Capacity of Small Cells 83
Figure 49. Back Haul Small Cell Market Is Primarily Driving Factors 84
Figure 50. Small Cell Market Segment Forecasts, Small, Mid-Range, and High End, Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 91
Figure 51. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, Service Providers, Enterprise, Community Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 92
Figure 52. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, Service Providers, Enterprise, Community, Dollars and Percent, Worldwide, 2018-2024 93
Figure 53. Small Cell Market Forecast Segments, Residential, Enterprise, Urban, Rural / Remote Units Shipped, Worldwide, 2018-2024 94
Figure 54. Wireless Network Upgrades, Growth in Number of Cell Sites 99
Figure 55. Number of Mobil Subscribers Worldwide, 2017 105
Figure 56. CTIA Count of Wireless Subscribers in Americas 106
Figure 57. Mobile Subscribers by Technology Generation 2015 107
Figure 58. Billions of M to M Connections 108
Figure 59. Annual Net Subscriber Additions in US by Service Provider 109
Figure 60. Smartphone Traffic vs Tablets Other Wireless Hones, and Laptops 110
Figure 61. Massive Investment Cycle: US Homes Passed with Fiber 112
Figure 62. Key Market Driver 114
Figure 63. Small Cell 5G Business Market Factors 115
Figure 64. Small Cell Hyperdense Installation in Oakland CA 117
Figure 65. Hyperdense Work Streams Features 118
Figure 66. Hyper-dense 5G Smart Cell Features 119
Figure 67. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, 3G, 4G, and 5G, Dollars, Worldwide, 2018-2024 120
Figure 68. Small Cell Market Industry Segments, 3G, 4G, and 5G, Dollars and Percent, Worldwide, 2018-2024 121
Figure 69. Nokia Femtocell Price Image 127
Figure 70. Small Cell Prices And Coverage, Verizon, Samsung and AT&T 128
Figure 71. Sprint Magicbox 130
Figure 72. Small Cells Regional Market Segments, 2017 131
Figure 73. Small Cells Regional Market Segments, 2017 132
Figure 74. A Recent Crown Castle Small Cell with VZ on it at 35th & Lituanica, Chicago: 134
Figure 75. Small Cells San Francisco and Oakland 135
Figure 76. Small Cells and Electricity Distribution 136
Figure 77. Small Cells vs. DAS Locations 142
Figure 78. Houston Small Cell Separate Site Applications 143
Figure 79. Industry Small Cell Installations vs. Examples 144
Figure 80. Small Cell Forum Partners 146
Figure 81. Small Cell Forum Collaboration Partners 148
Figure 82. Small Cell Turfing Vendor Course Syllabus: 149
Figure 83. Integrate Wireless Technology Into The Built Environment 151
Figure 84. 5G Licensed, Shared, and Unlicensed Spectrum Bands and Properties 152
Figure 85. Bandwidth Allocation by Country 153
Figure 86. 5G Spectrum Utilizing Low, Mid, and High Bands 154
Figure 87. 5G NR mmWave Outdoor Coverage via co-Siting 155
Figure 88. ANS Trusted Source of Backhaul Expertise 163
Figure 89. DAS Services by ANS 164
Figure 90. Small Cell Services by ANS 165
Figure 91. DAS Services by ANS 166
Figure 92. ADRF Positioning 166
Figure 93. Ciena Revenue Q$ 2017 and 2016 171
Figure 94. Cisco Universal Small Cell 8000 Series 172
Figure 95. Commscope Revenue by Segment 174
Figure 96. Metro Cell Solution Locations 174
Figure 97. Macro Cell Tower Solutions Locations 175
Figure 98. Macro Cell Tower Solutions Signal Transmission Types 175
Figure 99. Metro Cell Solution Signal Transmission Types 176
Figure 100. SpiderCloud LTE Small Cell Technology 182
Figure 101. Ericsson Small Cell Portfolio Features: 186
Figure 102. Ericsson Positioning for Small Cells 187
Figure 103. Ericsson End-To-End Integrated Small Cells 188
Figure 104. Ericsson Small Cell Strand-Mount Unit for Outdoor Micro Radios Making It Easier To Install Radios On Existing Grid: Hung On Aerial Coax, Fiber, Or Electricity Cables 189
Figure 105. Ericsson Multi-Operator Dot and the Multi-Dot Enclosure Functions 191
Figure 106. Ericsson Dual Band Radio Dot 193
Figure 107. Ericsson Hardened Radio Dot for Outdoor and Stadium Deployments 194
Figure 108. Outdoor and Stadium Ericsson Hardened Radio Dot Small Cell Features 196
Figure 109. Ericsson Small Cell In-Building Solutions 197
Figure 110. Huawei Small Cells 201
Figure 111. Huawei Positioning with Small Cells to Address Network Operator Needs 203
Figure 112. Huawei Significant Breakthroughs In Air Interface Solutions 204
Figure 113. Nokia eNode Bs Features 212
Figure 114. Nokia 5G AirScale and AirFrame Radio Portfolio 213
Figure 115. Nokia Broadband Traffic 214
Figure 116. Nokia AirScale 215
Figure 117. Nokia 5G Applications Remote Vehicle SubArrays, Multiple Nodes with
128 Antennae elements, Indoor Mobility, Adaptive Beam Tracking, Outdoor Vehicular Mobility 216
Figure 118. Nokia In Building Wireless 217
Figure 119. Nokia Small Cell Target Markets 218
Figure 120. Nokia DAS and Hybrid Ethernet Based DAS 219
Figure 121. Nokia Supports Indoor Wireless 220
Figure 122. Nokia Advantages of Small Cells 221
Figure 123. Small Cells Support Heterogeneous Network 222
Figure 124. Nokia Small Cell Deployments 222
Figure 125. Nokia AirScale Wi-Fi’ 224
Figure 126. NTSI Customers 225
Figure 127. Mobile Carriers And Wireless Networks That Need Enhanced Reception 231
Figure 128. Small Cell Forum Standardization Of Key Elements Of Small Cell Technology233
Figure 129. Small Cell Forum Membership Standardization Of Key Elements Of Small Cell Technology 234
Figure 130. 5G Issues As They Relate To Small Cells And Network Densification235
Figure 131. Small Cell Forum Issues, Virtualization, Cloud, Edge, Shared Spectrum, RAN 236
Figure 132. Operational and Deployment Requirements, Including Regulatory Frameworks, Backhaul And Sites Topics 236
Figure 133. Solid Technologies Small Cells for Hospitals 238
Figure 134. Series of ZTE LTE Small Cell products 239
Figure 135. ZTE Small Cell Product Highlights 240 



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