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Rehabilitation Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2016 to 2022

Published: May 9, 2016 | Pages: 773 | Publisher: WinterGreen Research | Industry: Medical Devices | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Research has found that by actively engaging stroke patients in repetitive tasks, the brain is able to rewire neurological pathways to motor functions.  In this manner patients who have lost functions are able to relearn movement.  The awareness and movement of hemiparetic limbs can occur and functional recovery can continue even years after the brain injury.  Much of the damage to a brain comes from lack of oxygen, even brief lack of oxygen is detrimental to the brain.  The ability to recover is an ongoing process, something that robotic therapy over time will help.

Now, the reimbursement times for physical therapy are limited, and clinicians tell patients that everything that can be done has been done after a relatively short time.  Robotic rehabilitation can continue after services are no longer paid for, giving people longer recovery times and more hope to regain lost function.  

Robotic rehabilitation devices are based on automated process, use of a motor or use of microprocessor technology controlled by software.  Rehabilitation robot vendors have set out to create repetitive process that works to help people improve their physical well being using a robot, to improve more than they would without the robot.  Improvements come because of a reduction in the cost of care delivery, making the rehabilitation more affordable and therefore able to be continued longer, or because of a reduction in boredom. 

Lack of knowledge about what protocols would work for a particular patient in a particular situation contributes to lack of rehabilitation benefit and patients stuck without optimum movement. Rehabilitation robots can be customized to create automated process that is responsive to patient needs.  

Robotic rehabilitation devices use automated process to motivate patients and help them to improve their motor abilities.  Motors are used to drive continuous motion machines to build muscle tone.   Advances in robotics and bionics help therapists diagnose more precisely, increase clinic efficiencies, and reach more patients.   Robotic physical therapy technologies improve patient engagement and HEP compliance.  All better patient experience in turn leads to improved outcomes.

Because of the longer treatment cycle with rehabilitation robotics and extra motivation provided from incremental improvement, people get better than they might have otherwise.  

Devices precisely record the patient performance during the training.  Metrics gathered can be used to analyze and document the therapy progress.  Graphical presentation of information about improvement can be used to further motivate patients to use the robotic devices for even more rehabilitation.

Relearning of lost functions in a patient depends on stimulation of desire to conquer the disability.  The rehabilitation robots can show patients progress and keep the progress occurring, encouraging patients to work on getting healthier.  Independent functioning of patients depends on intensity of treatment, task-specific exercises, active initiation of movements and motivation and feedback.  Rehabilitation robots can assist with these tasks in multiple ways.  Creating a gaming aspect to the rehabilitation process has brought a significant improvement in systems.  

As patients get stronger and more coordinated, a therapist can program the robot to let them bear more weight and move more freely in different directions, walking, kicking a ball, or even lunging to the side to catch one. The robot can follow the patient’s lead as effortlessly as a ballroom dancer, its presence nearly undetectable until it senses the patient starting to drop and quickly stops a fall.  In the later stages of physical therapy, the robot can nudge patients off balance to help them learn to recover.

According to Susan Eustis, principal author of the team that developed the market research study, “Robotic therapy stimulus of upper limbs provides an example of the excellent motor recovery after stroke that can be achieved using rehabilitation robots.”  Lower limb systems and exoskeleton systems provide wheelchair bound patients the ability to get out of a wheelchair 

No company dominates the entire rehabilitation robot market sector.  The products that work are still emerging as commercial devices.  All the products that are now commercially viable are positioned to achieve significant staying power in the market long term, providing those companies that offer them with a possibility for long term leadership position in the market.

The companies you would expect to see as participating in these markets, the leaders in the wheelchair markets re not there with any significant presence.  The exoskeletons will challenge the wheel chairs, providing a supplement to the wheelchair, permitting disabled people to have some more mobility than they have now.  

Robotic rehabilitation equipment is mostly used in rehabilitation clinical facilities.  There is a huge opportunity for launching a homecare equipment market if it is done through sports clubs rather than through clinical facilities.  People expect insurance to pay for medical equipment but are willing to spend bundles on sports trainer equipment for the home.  Rehabilitation robots can help stroke patients years after an event, so it makes a difference if someone keeps working to improve their functioning.

Vendors will very likely have to develop a strong rehabilitation robotic market presence as these devices evolve a homecare aspect.  The expense of nursing home rehabilitation has been very high, limiting the use of rehabilitation to a few weeks or months at the most.

Rehabilitation robots realistically extend the use of automated process for rehabilitation in the home.  The availability of affordable devices that improve mobility is not likely to go unnoticed by the sports clubs and the baby boomer generation, now entering the over 65 age group and seeking to maintain lifestyle.  

As clinicians realize that more gains can be made by using rehabilitation robots in the home, the pace of vendor acquisitions will likely pick up in an effort to consolidate the industry.

Rehabilitation robot market size at $221.4 million in 2015 is expected grow dramatically to reach $1.1 billion by 2022.  Exoskeleton markets will be separate and additive to this market.  A separate exoskeleton market will create more growth.  Market growth is a result of the effectiveness of robotic treatment of muscle difficulty.  The usefulness of the rehabilitation robots is increasing.  Doing more sophisticated combinations of exercise have become more feasible as the technology evolves.  Patients generally practice 1,000 varied movements per session.  With the robots, more sessions are possible.  

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Companies Profiled

Market Leaders

    AlterG
    Myomo
    InMotion Robots
    Hocoma
    Ekso Bionics
    Patterson 
    Chatanoonga
    BioNik / Interactive Motion Technologies

Market Participants

    Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory
    Biodex
    Bioness
    Catholic University of America
    Biodex
    Bioness
    DJO Global
    Fanuc
    Focal Meditech
    Furniss
    Hocoma 
    Honda Motor
    Instead Technologies
    Invacare
    iRobot
    InMotion Robots
    Interaxon
    KDM
    Kinova
    KLC Services
    Medi
    MRISAR 
    Orthocare Innovations
    Patterson
    ProMed Products Xpress
    Reha-Stim
    Robotdalen
    RSL Steeper
    RU Robots
    Secom
    Sunrise Medical
    Touch Bionics
    Tyromotion

    Key Topics
    Stroke Protocols
    Active Prostheses
    Exoskeletons
    Robotic Technologies Leverage Neuroplasticity
    Wearable Robotics
    Strengthen The Upper Extremity
    Strengthen The Lower Extremity
    Hand Rehabilitation
    Physical Therapy Automation
    Recovery After Hip Injury
    Wrist Rehabilitation
    Stroke Rehabilitation
    Rehabilitation Robots Software
    Hip Rehabilitation
    Anti-Gravity Treadmill
    Continuous Positive Motion
    CPM
    Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
 Table of Contents

Rehabilitation Robot Executive Summary 50
Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces 50
Rehabilitation Robots Assistive Devices 53
Rehabilitation Robots Decrease the Cost of Recovery 54
Rehabilitation Robot Medical Conditions Treated 56
Robotic Modules for Disability Therapy 57
Wearable Robotics for Disability Therapy 58
Rehabilitation Robots Leverage Principles Of Neuroplasticity 60
Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares 61
Rehabilitation Robot Market Forecasts 63

1. Rehabilitation Robot Market Description and Market Dynamics 65
1.1 Stroke Rehabilitation 65
1.1.1 Stroke Protocols 65
1.1.2 Rehabilitation Medicine: New Therapies in Stroke Rehabilitation 66
1.1.3 Botulinum Toxin Injections 67
1.1.4 Constraint Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) 68
1.1.5 Dynamic Splinting 69
1.1.6 Electrical Stimulation 69
1.1.7 Robotic Therapy Devices 69
1.1.8 Partial Body Weight-Supported Treadmill 70
1.1.9 Virtual Reality (including Wii-hab) 70
1.1.10 Brain Stimulation 71
1.1.11 Acupuncture 71
1.1.12 Mental Practice 71
1.1.13 Mirror Therapy 71
1.1.14 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy 72
1.1.15 Evidence-Based Treatment Protocols 72
1.2 Exoskeleton Able-Bodied Industrial Applications 73
1.3 Restoring Physical Function Through Neuro-Rehabilitation After Stroke 74
1.3.1 Traumatic Brain Injury Program 77
1.3.2 Concussion Program 77
1.3.3 Hospital Stroke Programs Rapid Response to Create Better Outcomes 78
1.3.4 Stroke Response Process Leverage Protocols that Implement Streamlined Timely Treatment 78
1.4 Rehabilitation Physical Therapy Trends 81
1.4.1 Running with Robots 82
1.4.2 Use Of Video Game Technology In PT 83
1.4.3 Telemedicine Growing Trend In The Physical Therapy Space 84
1.5 Rehabilitation Robot Market Definition 85
1.5.1 Automated Process for Rehabilitation Robots 86
1.5.2 Why Rehabilitation is Essential 92
1.5.3 Rehabilitation Involves Relearning of Lost Functions 93
1.6 Continuous Passive Motion CPM Definition 97
1.7 Robotic Exoskeletons Empower Patient Rehabilitation Achievements 99
1.7.1 Rehabilitation Options 101
1.7.2 Rehabilitation Robots Economies Of Scale 102
1.8 Seizing the Robotics Opportunity 103
1.8.1 Modular Self-Reconfiguring Robotic Systems 104
1.9 Public Awareness of Rehabilitation Robotics 104
1.9.1 Rehabilitation Robotics Centers Of Excellence 105
1.10 Home Medical Rehabilitation Robots 106
1.10.1 US Veterans Administration Telemedicine and Domestic Robots 106
1.10.2 Rehabilitation Robots Provide Intensive Training For Patients And Physical Relief For Therapists 108

2. Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares and Market Forecasts 109
2.1 Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces 109
2.1.1 Rehabilitation Robots Assistive Devices 112
2.1.2 Rehabilitation Robots Decrease the Cost of Recovery 113
2.1.3 Rehabilitation Robot Medical Conditions Treated 115
2.1.4 Robotic Modules for Disability Therapy 116
2.1.5 Wearable Robotics for Disability Therapy 117
2.1.6 Rehabilitation Robots Leverage Principles Of Neuroplasticity 119
2.2 Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares 120
2.2.1 AlterG Bionic Leg Customer Base 123
2.2.2 Myomo 123
2.2.3 Bionik Laboratories / Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) 125
2.2.4 Bionik Laboratories / Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Robots 126
2.2.5 Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation 127
2.2.6 Homoca Helping Patients To Grasp The Initiative And Reach Towards Recovery 128
2.2.7 Ekso Bionics Robotic Suit Helps Paralyzed Man Walk Again 132
2.2.8 Rewalk 133
2.2.9 Karman Xo-202 Standing Wheelchair Power Stand Power Drive 134
2.2.10 Patterson Medical 135
2.2.11 Rehabilitation Robot Market Share Unit Analysis 135
2.2.12 Motorized CPM Stroke Rehabilitation Equipment Market Shares 138
2.2.13 Medical Rehabilitation Robot Market Analysis 140
2.3 Rehabilitation Robot Market Forecasts 143
2.3.1 Rehabilitation Robot Unit Shipments 147
2.3.2 Rehabilitation Robots Market Segments: Lower Extremities, Upper Extremities, Neurological Training, Exoskeleton, Stroke CPM 148
2.3.3 Rehabilitation Therapy Robots: Dollars and Units, High End, Mid-Range, and Low End, Shipments 152
2.3.4 Rehabilitation Robot Market Penetration Forecasts Worldwide, 2014-2020 154
2.3.5 Market Metrics 158
2.4 Types of Conditions and Rehabilitation Treatment by Condition 159
2.4.1 Stroke 159
2.4.2 Early Rehab After Stroke 160
2.4.3 Multiple Sclerosis 160
2.4.4 Knee-Replacement Surgery 161
2.4.5 Hip 162
2.4.6 Gait Training 163
2.4.7 Sports Training 164
2.4.8 Severe Injury or Amputation 164
2.4.9 Neurological Disorders 165
2.4.10 Recovery After Surgery 166
2.5 Types of Rehabilitation Robots and Conditions Treated 166
2.5.1 Gait Training Devices / Unweighting Systems 166
2.5.2 Neuro-Rehabilitation 167
2.5.3 Prostheses 170
2.5.4 Motorized Physiotherapy CPM (Continuous Passive Motion), CAM Therapy (Controlled Active Motion) and the Onboard Protocols 170
2.5.5 Gait Training Devices / Unweighting Systems / Automated Treadmills 170
2.5.6 Rehabilitation Therapy Robotics Market 171
2.5.7 Upper Limb Robotic Rehabilitation 171
2.5.8 Shoulder Biomechanics 172
2.5.9 Exoskeletons 174
2.5.10 End-effectors 174
2.5.11 Exoskeleton-Based Rehabilitation 174
2.5.12 Mobility Training Level Of Distribution 175
2.5.13 Rehabilitation Robots Cost-Benefit-Considerations 176
2.5.14 Rehabilitation Systems 177
2.5.15 Spinal Cord Injuries 178
2.6 Rehabilitation Robot And Motorized CPM Equipment 179
2.7 Disease Incidence and Prevalence Analysis 182
2.7.1 Robotic Therapeutic Stroke Rehabilitation 182
2.7.2 Aging Of The Population 183
2.7.3 Disease Rehabilitation 184
2.7.1 Rehabilitation of Hip Injuries 185
2.8 Service Robots 186
2.8.1 iRobot / InTouch Health 187
2.8.2 Next Generation Personal And Service Robotics 189
2.9 Rehabilitation Robotics Prices 190
2.9.1 Danniflex 480 Lower Limb CPM Unit 190
2.9.2 Shop for Patterson Kinetec CPM 191
2.9.3 Chattanooga Atromot 197
2.9.4 Ekso Bionics 207
2.9.5 Interaxon Muse 208
2.10 Rehabilitation Robotics Regional Analysis 209
2.10.1 Ekso Bionics Regional Presence 210

3. Rehabilitation Robots, Active Prostheses, and Exoskeleton Products 212
3.1 Lower limb Stroke Rehabilitation Devices 212
3.2 Hocoma Products 213
3.2.1 Hocoma Andago 213
3.2.2 Hocoma Supports Clinicians And Patients In Neurorehabilitation 219
3.2.3 Hocoma's Lokomat Gait Orthosis Automates Locomotion Therapy On A Treadmill 219
3.2.4 Hocoma Lokomat Intensive Locomotion Therapy 220
3.2.5 Hocoma Lokomat Training 220
3.2.6 Hocoma Lokomat Robotic Gait-Training Device Aims To Change The Part Of The Brain That Controls Motor Function 221
3.2.7 Hocoma Lokomat Functional Electrical Stimulation 223
3.2.8 Hocoma Lokomat Advanced Motion Analysis 223
3.2.9 Hocoma Rehabilitation Robotics 226
3.2.10 Hocoma ArmeoSpring for Stroke Victims 230
3.2.11 Hocoma ArmeoSpring Based On An Ergonomic Arm Exoskeleton 232
3.2.12 Hocoma Armeo®Spring Clinical Success 233
3.2.13 Hocoma Armeo Functional Therapy Of The Upper Extremities 234
3.2.14 Hocoma Armeo®Spring - Functional Arm and Hand Therapy 235
3.2.15 Hocoma Valedo Functional Movement Therapy For Low Back Pain Treatment 237
3.2.16 Hocoma Sensor-Based Back Training For Valedo®Motion 239
3.2.17 Hocoma Erigo Early Rehabilitation And Patient Mobilization 239
3.2.18 Hocoma Early Rehabilitation with Robotic Mobilization and Functional Electrical Stimulation 240
3.3 Hobart Group / MedInvest Group / Motorika 242
3.3.1 Motorika ReoGo 242
3.3.2 Hobart Motorik ReoGo Portable Platform Shoulder, Elbow, And Forearm – Improvements Maintained Over Time 243
3.3.3 Motorika ReoAmbulator Innovative Robotic Gait Training System 247
3.3.4 Motorika 248
3.4 Interactive Motor Technologies Anklebot 250
3.4.1 IMT Anklebot Evidence-Based Neurorehabilitation Technology 250
3.4.2 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Robots Stroke Recovery 253
3.4.3 Biomarkers Of Motor Recovery 255
3.4.4 Robotic Tools For Neuro-Rehabilitation 255
3.4.5 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Stroke — Upper Extremity Rehabilitation 256
3.4.6 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Robot Provides Long Lasting Rehabilitation Improvements 257
3.4.7 InMotion Robot Medical Conditions Treated 259
3.4.8 InMotion HAND™ Robot 263
3.4.9 InMotion ARM™: Clinical Version Of The MIT-Manus 265
3.4.10 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion ARM™ Software 268
3.4.11 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion EVAL™ 271
3.4.12 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Maximum Shoulder Force 272
3.4.13 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Long Lasting Improvements 278
3.4.14 MIT-MANUS 280
3.5 AlterG 282
3.5.1 AltgerG M320 Anti-Gravity Treadmill 282
3.5.2 AlterG® Anti-Gravity Treadmill in Action 283
3.5.3 AlterG: PK100 PowerKnee 285
3.5.4 AlterG Bionic Leg 287
3.5.5 Alterg / Tibion Bionic Leg 290
3.5.6 AlterG Bionic Leg Customer Base 292
3.5.7 AlterG M300 292
3.5.8 AlterG M300 Robotic Rehabilitation Treadmill 296
3.6 Biodex Unweighting Systems 298
3.6.1 Biodex Objective Data 299
3.6.2 Biodex BioStep® 2 Semi-Recumbent Elliptical 300
3.6.3 Biodex BioStep 2 Helps Patients and Their Therapists Achieve Multiple Rehabilitation Objectives 301
3.6.4 Older Adults / Preambulation 301
3.6.5 Cardiac Rehabilitation 301
3.6.6 Biodex System 4 Pro 302
3.6.7 Biodex Balance System™ SD 303
3.6.8 Pneumex Unweighting Systems from Biodex 307
3.7 Honda Gait Training 308
3.7.1 Honda Motor ASIMO Humanoid Robot 312
3.8 Mobility Research 317
3.8.1 Mobility Research HugN-Go 317
3.8.2 Mobility Research HugN-Go 350 317
3.8.3 Mobility Research HugN-Go 250 319
3.8.4 Mobility Research HugN-Go 100 321
3.8.5 Mobility Research LiteGait 323
3.9 Upper Limb Stroke Rehabilitation Devices 326
3.10 Tyromotion 327
3.10.1 Tyromotion Diego - Robotic-assisted arm-rehabilitation 335
3.10.2 Tyromotion Therapy for Arms and Shoulders 336
3.10.3 Tyromotion Evaluation and Therapy 337
3.10.4 Tyromotion Pablo – Hand-Arm Rehabilitation 338
3.10.5 Tyromotion TYMO – Therapy Board 342
3.10.6 Tyromotion AMADEO® -For Individual Fingers or the Entire Hand Neurological Rehabilitation 345
3.10.7 Amado® Finger-Hand Rehabilitation 347
3.10.8 Tyromotion Amadeo® System Premier Mechatronic Finger Rehabilitation Device 351
3.11 Myomo 353
3.11.1 Myomo MyoPro Motion G – Elbow-Wrist-Hand Orthosis 353
3.11.2 MyoPro Myoelectric Orthotics And Prosthetics 355
3.11.3 Myomo Neuro-Robotic Myoelectric Arm Orthosis System 356
3.11.4 Myomo Brace For Medical Professionals Permits A Paralyzed Individual To Perform Activities Of Daily Living 357
3.11.5 Myomo EMG 359
3.11.6 Myomo mPower 1000 Indications For Use 360
3.11.7 Myomo mPower 1000 Warnings 361
3.12 Focal Meditech BV Mealtime Support and Stress Reduction: Hand Function 362
3.12.1 Focal Meditech BV Personal Robot Jaco 363
3.12.2 Focal Meditech BV Dynamic Rehabilitation Robotic Arm Supports 363
3.12.3 Focal Meditech BV Innovative Assistive Technology 366
3.13 Catholic University of America Arm Therapy Robot ARMin III 369
3.13.1 Catholic University of America Armin Iii Project Description: 370
3.13.2 Catholic University of America HandSOME Hand Spring Operated Movement Enhancer 371
3.14 Kinova Robotarm Jaco 371
3.14.1 Invacare / Kinova 375
3.15 Neurological Training 376
3.15.1 Neuro-Rehabilitation 377
3.16 Interaxon 377
3.16.1 Interaxon Muse: Brainwave Category Biometrics 381
3.16.2 InteraXon Motivates Change Of Brain 383
3.16.3 Interaxon Muse Improves Response To Stress, Lowers Blood Pressure 383
3.16.4 Interaxon Muse Gives Self-Control 384
3.16.5 Interaxon Muse Can Improve Emotional State 385
3.16.6 Interaxon Muse Extended Use Lasting Results 386
3.16.7 Interaxon Muse Types of Feedback 386
3.17 Active Prostheses 387
3.17.1 Neuronal-Device Interfaces 388
3.18 Orthocare Innovations Prosthesis 388
3.18.1 Orthocare Innovations Edison™ Adaptive Vacuum Suspension System 390
3.18.2 Orthocare Innovations Edison Adaptive Prosthesis 391
3.18.3 Orthocare Innovations Intelligent Adaptive Prosthesis 391
3.18.4 Orthocare Innovations Edison Leg and Ankle 392
3.18.5 Orthocare Innovations Europa 398
3.18.6 Orthocare Innovations Galileo Connector Technology 399
3.19 RSL Steeper Hand Prostheses 400
3.19.1 RSL Steeper Electronic Assistive Technology Devices for the Home 400
3.20 Pererro - Switch | Access | Control 402
3.20.1 Pererro+ 402
3.20.2 RSL Steeper V3 Myoelectric Hand 404
3.21 Touch Bionics’ i-limb 408
3.21.1 Touch Bionics i-limb Muscle Triggers 409
3.21.2 Touch Bionics I-Limb Methods For Switching Modes 410
3.21.3 Touch Bionics Prostheses 414
3.21.4 Touch Bionics Active Prostheses 420
3.22 RU Robots 423
3.22.1 RU Robots Sunflower Robot 425
3.22.2 RU Robots Sophisticated Interactions 426
3.22.3 RU Robots Care-o-bot 428
3.23 Instead Technologies 429
3.23.1 Instead Technologies RoboTherapist3D and 2D 430
3.23.2 Instead Technologies RoboTherapist3D 430
3.23.3 Instead Technologies Ultrasound Breast Volumes BreastExplorer 435
3.23.4 Instead Technologies Technology-Based Company 438
3.23.5 Instead Technologies Services: 440
3.24 Humanware In-Home Rehabilitation 441
3.25 Exoskeletons 441
3.25.1 Muscle Memory 442
3.26 Ekso Bionics 443
3.26.1 Ekso Bionics Wearable Bionic Suit 444
3.26.2 Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Uses 451
3.26.3 Ekso Bionics Rehabilitation 455
3.26.4 Ekso Bionics Robotic Suit Helps Paralyzed Man Walk Again 458
3.27 Rewalk 459
3.28 Permobil F5 Corpus VS Stand Sequence 461
3.29 Karman Xo-202 Standing Wheelchair Power Stand Power Drive 462
3.30 Berkeley Robotics Laboratory Exoskeletons 465
3.30.1 Berkeley Robotics Austin 465
3.30.2 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoHiker 466
3.30.3 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoClimber 468
3.30.4 Berkeley Lower Extremity Exoskeleton (BLEEX) 470
3.30.5 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Exoskeleton 470
3.31 Reha-Stim Gait Trainer GT I 472
3.31.1 Reha-Stim Gait Trainer Target Market 475
3.31.2 Reha-Stim Bi-Manu-Track 476
3.31.3 Reha-Stim Bi-Manu-Track Hand and Wrist 476
3.32 Exoskeleton Designed by CAR 479
3.33 CAREX Upper Limb Robotic Exoskeleton 480
3.34 Egto Tech 482
3.34.1 Egto Tech Luna Dynamic Resistance 483
3.34.2 Egto Tech Luna Objective Diagnostics 483
3.35 Motorized Physiotherapy CPM (Continuous Passive Motion), CAM Therapy (Controlled Active Motion) and the Onboard Protocols 484
3.35.1 Movement Of Synovial Fluid To Allow For Better Diffusion Of Nutrients Into Damaged Cartilage 486
3.36 Chattanooga Active-K CPM (Continuous Passive Motion) 487
3.36.1 Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Knee Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 497
3.36.2 Continuous Passive Motion Machines (CPM) 499
3.36.3 Chattanooga OptiFlex Ankle Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 501
3.36.4 Chattanooga OptiFlex S Shoulder Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 504
3.36.5 Chattanooga OptiFlex Elbow Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 507
3.36.6 Chattanooga OptiFlex S Shoulder Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 510
3.37 Paterson Kinetec CPM 512
3.37.1 Paterson / Kinetec Spectra Knee CPM 513
3.38 Global Medical 516
3.39 Furniss Corporation 520
3.39.1 Furniss Corporation Continuous Passive Motion DC2480 Knee CPM 526
3.40 Danniflex 528
3.40.1 Danniflex 480 Lower Limb CPM Unit 529
3.41 Rehab-Robotics Company 531
3.41.1 Rehab-Robotics Hand of Hope 533
3.41.2 Rehab-Robotics Hand & Arm Training 538
3.42 Bioxtreme 540
3.43 Corbys 541
3.43.1 Corbys System Overview 542
3.44 Swtotek Motion Maker 546

4. Rehabilitation Robots Technology 547
4.1 Robotic Actuator Energy 547
4.1.1 Elastic Actuators 548
4.1.2 InMotion Robots Technology 549
4.2 Human Motor Error Enhancement Technology 550
4.2.1 Enhancing a Motor Error Improves Motor Skills 550
4.2.2 Adaptation to Error Enhancing Forces 550
4.2.3 Bioxtreme’s Error Enhancement Technology Potential Applications 551
4.3 Rehabilitation Robotic Risk Mitigation 552
4.4 Rehabilitation Robot Multi-Factor Solutions 556
4.4.1 Biometallic Materials Titanium (Ti) and its Alloys 556
4.5 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory 557
4.6 Rehabilitation Robot Automated Technique 557
4.6.1 InMotion Robots Technology 559
4.7 HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot 561
4.8 ARMin: Upper Extremity Robotic Therapy 566
4.9 HandSOME: Hand Spring Operated Movement Enhancer 566
4.10 Cognitive Science 568
4.11 Lopes Gait Rehabilitation Device 569
4.12 Artificial Muscle 570
4.13 ReWalk™ Exoskeleton Suit 571

5. Rehabilitation Robot Company Profiles 573
5.1 AlterG 573
5.1.1 AlterG M300 Customers 576
5.1.2 AlterG M300 581
5.1.3 AlterG™ Acquires Tibion Bionic Leg 582
5.2 Aretech 583
5.3 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory 586
5.4 Biodex 590
5.4.1 Biodex Clinical Advantage 591
5.5 Bioness 592
5.6 Bionik Laboratories / Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) 592
5.6.1 Bionik Laboratories Acquires Interactive Motion Technologies, Inc. (IMT) 593
5.6.2 InMotion Robots for NHS study in the UK 593
5.6.3 Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Robots 594
5.7 Bioxtreme 601
5.8 Breg 603
5.9 Catholic University of America HandSOME Hand Spring Operated Movement Enhancer 604
5.10 Claflin Rehabilitation Distribution 604
5.11 DJO Global 612
5.11.1 DJO Global Trademarks, Service Marks And Brand Names 615
5.11.2 DJO Global Business Activities 615
5.11.3 DJO / Chattanooga 616
5.11.4 Chattanooga OptiFlex® Knee Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) 618
5.12 Ekso Bionics 620
5.12.1 Ekso Rehabilitation Robotics 622
5.12.2 Ekso GT 622
5.12.3 Ekso Fourth Quarter And Full Year 2015 Financial Results 626
5.12.4 Ekso Bionics Seeks To Lead The Technological Revolutions 626
5.12.5 Ekso Bionics HULC Technology Licensed to the Lockheed Martin Corporation 628
5.12.6 Ekso Bionics Regional Presence 628
5.12.7 Ekso Bionics Customers 629
5.12.8 Ekso and Lockheed 637
5.13 Fanuc 637
5.13.1 Fanuc Revenue 638
5.13.2 Fanuc - Industrial Robot Automation Systems and Robodrill Machine Centers 640
5.14 Focal Meditech 640
5.14.1 Focal Meditech BV Collaborating Partners: 642
5.15 Hobart Group / Motorika 643
5.15.1 Motorika 644
5.16 Hocoma 645
5.16.1 Hocoma Revenue 649
5.16.2 Hocoma Partnership With The Slovenian Software Company XLAB 650
5.17 Honda Motor 650
5.17.1 Honda Motor Revenue 651
5.17.2 Honda Automobile Business 652
5.17.3 Honda Walk Assist 654
5.17.4 Honda Prototype Stride Management Motorized Assist Device 656
5.17.5 Honda Builds Unique Transportation Exoskeleton Device Market 657
5.18 Instead Technologies 658
5.18.1 Instead Technologies Services: 660
5.19 Interaxon 661
5.20 iRobot 662
5.20.1 iRobot Home Robots 663
5.20.2 iRobot Defense and Security: Protecting Those In Harm’s Way 664
5.20.3 iRobot Remote Presence: Brings Meaningful Communication 664
5.20.4 iRobot STEM 666
5.20.5 iRobot Internet of Things 667
5.20.6 iRobot / InTouch Health 667
5.21 Karman 670
5.22 KDM 672
5.23 Kinova 673
5.23.1 Kinova JACO 673
5.24 KLC Services 673
5.25 Medi 674
5.26 Mobility Research 674
5.27 MRISAR 676
5.28 Myomo 676
5.28.1 Myomo mPower 1000 677
5.29 Orthocare Innovations 678
5.29.1 Orthocare Innovations Adaptive Systems™ For Advanced O&P Solutions. 678
5.29.2 Orthocare Innovations Company Highlights 679
5.30 Patterson Companies, Inc. 680
5.30.1 PMI Acquires Mobilis Healthcare 681
5.30.2 Patterson Companies Medical (PMI) Business Segments 682
5.31 Patterson Medical / Madison Dearborn Partners 683
5.31.1 Patterson Medical Strategy 683
5.31.2 Patterson Medical Brands 684
5.31.3 Patterson Medical Rehabilitation Supply 685
5.31.4 Patterson Medical International Operations 687
5.31.5 Patterson Medical Consumables 689
5.31.6 Patterson Medical Equipment and Software 689
5.32 ProMed Products Xpress 690
5.33 Rehab-Robotics Company 690
5.34 Reha-Stim 691
5.34.1 Reha-Stim Support Patients In Restoring And Improving Gait Function 691
5.34.2 Reha-Stim Support Patients In Restoring Arm And Hand Function 691
5.35 Reha Technology 692
5.36 ReWalk Robotics 695
5.37 Robotdalen 696
5.38 RSL Steeper 698
5.39 RU Robots 700
5.40 Secom 701
5.40.1 Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon 702
5.40.2 Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Manual Mode 702
5.40.3 Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Semi-automatic Mode 704
5.40.4 Secom Co. Ltd MySpoon Automatic Mode 706
5.41 Sunrise Medical 707
5.41.1 Sunrise Medical Quality Policy 709
5.41.2 Sunrise Medical Whitmyer Biomechanics 709
5.42 Touch Bionics 712
5.43 Tyromotion GmbH 714
5.43.1 Tyromotion GmbH Network 715
5.44 Other Rehabilitation Robot Companies 717
5.44.1 Additional Rehabilitation Robots 734
5.44.2 Selected Rehabilitation Equipment Companies 737
5.44.3 Spinal Cord Treatment Centers in the US 751
List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1			51	
Rehabilitation Robotics Products Market Driving Factors:		51	
Table ES-2			55	
Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces			55	
Table ES-3			56	
Rehabilitation Robot Medical Conditions Treated		56	
Table ES-4			57	
Stroke Rehabilitation Guidelines For Interactive Robotic Therapy	57	
Table ES-5			58	
Extremity Rehabilitation Robot Technology			58	
Table ES-6			59
Health Care Conditions Treated With Rehabilitation Wearable Robotics	59
Table ES-7	61
Robotic Technologies Leverage Principles Of Neuroplasticity	61
Figure ES-8	62
Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015	62
	62
Figure ES-9	64
Rehabilitation Robot Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2016-2022	64
Table 1-1	67
Stroke Rehabilitation Technology Modalities	67
Table 1-2	75
Neuro-Rehabilitation patient Conditions Addressed	75
Table 1-3	76
Neuro-rehabilitation Services	76
Table 1-4	79
Stroke Response Process Leverage Protocols Interdisciplinary Teams	79
Table 1-5	80
Stroke Treatment State-Of-The-Art, Full-Service Stroke Treatment Facilities	80
Table 1-6	88
Robotic Rehabilitation Devices Automated Process Benefits	88
Table 1-7	91
Robotic Rehabilitation Devices Emerging Technologies	91
Table 1-8	92
Robotic Rehabilitation Wearable Devices Benefits	92
Table 1-9	94
Rehabilitation Involves Relearning Lost Function	94
Table 1-10	95
Rehabilitation Lost Function Relearning Initiatives	95
Table 1-11	98
CPM Functions:	98
Table 1-12	99
CPM Use Indications:	99
Table 2-1	110
Rehabilitation Robotics Products Market Driving Factors:	110
Table 2-2	114
Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces	114
Table 2-3	115
Rehabilitation Robot Medical Conditions Treated	115
Table 2-4	116
Stroke Rehabilitation Guidelines For Interactive Robotic Therapy	116
Table 2-5	117
Extremity Rehabilitation Robot Technology	117
Table 2-6	118
Health Care Conditions Treated With Rehabilitation Wearable Robotics	118
Table 2-7	120
Robotic Technologies Leverage Principles Of Neuroplasticity	120
Figure 2-8	121
Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015	121
	121
Table 2-9	122
Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015	122
Table 2-10	127
Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation Used In Rehabilitation Medicine:	127
Figure 2-11	130
Homoca Continuum of Rehabilitation	130
Figure 2-12	131
Comparison of the Hocoma Armeo Products	131
Figure 2-13	134
Karman Xo-202 Standing Wheelchair Power Stand Power Drive	134
Table 2-14	136
Rehabilitation Therapy Robots Market Shares, Units, Worldwide, 2014	136
Table 2-15	137
Rehabilitation Therapy Robots Market Shares, Units, Worldwide, 2015	137
Table 2-16	139
Motorized CPM Stroke Rehabilitation Equipment Market Shares, Unit and Dollars, Worldwide, 2015 139
Figure 2-17	144
Rehabilitation Robot Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2016-2022	144
Table 2-18	145
Rehabilitation Robots Market Forecasts, Dollars, Shipments, Worldwide, 2016-2022	145
Table 2-19	147
Rehabilitation Robots: Units Shipments, Worldwide, 2016-2022	147
Table 2-20	149
Rehabilitation Robot Market Segments, Lower Extremities, Upper Extremities, Neurological Training,
Exoskeleton, Stroke CPM, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021	149
Table 2-21	150
Rehabilitation Robot Market Segments, Lower Extremities, Upper Extremities, Neurological Training,
Exoskeleton, Stroke CPM, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021	150
Table 2-22	151
Rehabilitation Robots Market Segments	151
Table 2-23	152
Rehabilitation Extremity Physical Therapy Robots Market Forecasts: Dollars and Units, High End, Mid-
Range, and Low End, Shipments, Worldwide, 2016-2022	152
	153
Figure 2-24	154
Rehabilitation Robots: Facility Market Penetration Forecasts, Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020	154
Table 2-25	155
Rehabilitation Facility Robot Market Penetration Forecasts Worldwide, 2016-2022	155
Table 2-26	156
Rehabilitation Small and Mid-Size Facility Robot Market Penetration Forecasts Worldwide, 2014-2020 156
Figure 2-27	162
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Knee Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Device	162
Table 2-28	178
Rehabilitation Robot Categories	178
Table 2-29	179
Spinal Cord Injury Causes Worldwide, 2014	179
Table 2-30	180
Motorized CPM Stroke Rehabilitation Equipment Market Shares, Unit and Dollars, Worldwide, 2015
	180
Table 2-31	181
Rehabilitation Robot CPM Market Segments, Worldwide,	181
2015-2021	181
Table 2-32	183
US Stroke Incidence Numbers	183
Table 2-33	185
Physical Therapy Enhances Recovery After Hip Injury	185
Figure 2-34	188
iRobot / InTouch Health RP-VITA	188
Figure 2-35	193
Chattanooga Continuous Passive Motion	193
Figure 2-36	209
Rehabilitation Robot Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2015	209
Table 2-37	210
Rehabilitation Robot Regional Market Segments, 2015	210
Figure 2-38	211
Source: Ekso Bionics.		211
Lower Limb Stroke Rehabilitation Devices		212
Figure 3-1		213
Hocoma Andago		213
Figure 3-2		215
Hocoma Lokomat Pro		215
Table 3-3		216
Hocoma Patient Rehabilitation Conditions Addressed	216
Table 3-4		217
Hocoma Robotic Improvements to Rehabilitation	217
Table 3-5		218
Hocoma Products		218
Table 3-6		218
Hocoma Rehabilitation Functional Therapy		218
Table 3-7		220
Robotic Legs Working For Improving Cerebral Palsy	220
Figure 3-8		224
Hocoma Automates Locomotion Therapy On A Treadmill	224
Figure 3-9	225
Hocoma Lokomat Lower Extremity Robot	225
Table 3-10	227
Hocoma Rehabilitation Robot Systems	227
Figure 3-11	228
Hocoma Armeo Arm Robot Systems	228
Figure 3-12	229
Hocoma Lokomats Robot	229
Figure 3-13	230
Hocoma ArmeoSpring for Stroke Victims	230
Figure 3-14	231
Hocoma ArmeoSpring for Children	231
Figure 3-15	234
Hocoma Armeo Power Robotic Arm Exoskeleton	234
Figure 3-16	236
Clinical Example of Patients Using the Hocoma Armeo®Spring	236
Table 3-17	237
Hocoma Valedo Functional Lower Back Movement Therapy	237
Table 3-18	238
Hocoma Valedo®Motion Low Back Pain Therapy Advantages	238
Figure 3-19	239
Hocoma Erigo®	239
Table 3-20	241
Hocoma Erigo Advantages of Early Rehabilitation	241
Figure 3-21	242
Motorika ReoGo	242
Table 3-22	245
Motorik ReoGo™ Therapist Benefits:	245
Table 3-23	246
Motorik ReoGo™ Patient Benefits:	246
Figure 3-24	247
Motorika ReoAmbulator	247
Figure 3-25		249
Motorika ReoAmbulator and Gait Training Devices	249
Figure 3-26		250
Interactive Motor Technologies Anklebot exoskeletal robotic system Design Principals	250
Figure 3-27		252
Interactive Motor Technologies Anklebot Walking Improvement	252
Figure 3-28		254
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Biomarkers Aid Stroke Recovery	254
Table 3-29		259
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Robot Medical Conditions Treated	259
Table 3-30		260
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion Robot Medical Technology	260
Table 3-31		261
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Clinical Studies Performed With The InMotion ARM™261
Table 3-32		262
InMotion Robots Research Positioning		262
Figure 3-33		263
InMotion HAND™		263
Figure 3-34		264
InMotion HAND™ Robot		264
Table 3-35		266
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion HAND™ Robot Functions	266
Table 3-36		267
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion HAND™ Robot	267
Table 37		268
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion ARM™ Software Functions	268
Figure 3-38		269
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) 2D Gravity Compensated Therapy Is More Effective Than 3D
Spatial Therapy		269
Figure 3-39		270
Measurements Show Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) 2D Gravity Compensated Therapy Is More
Effective Than 3D Spatial Therapy		270
Table 3-40		271
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion EVAL Aims	271
Table 3-41	272
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion EVAL Quantifiable Measures:	272
Figure 3-42	273
6 Degree-Of-Freedom Force-Torque Sensor Monolithic Aluminum Device Visualization	273
Figure 3-43	274
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Performance Feedback Metrics	274
Table 3-44	275
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) InMotion ARM™ Specifications	275
Dimensions	275
Figure 3-45	276
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Sample Circle Plots For A Stroke Patient At Admission 276
Figure 3-46	277
Interactive Motion Technologies (IMT) Sample Circle Plots For A Stroke Patient At Discharge 277
Figure 3-47	282
AltgerG M320 Anti-Gravity Treadmill	282
Table 3-48	283
AlterG® Anti-Gravity Treadmill Functions	283
Table 3-49	284
AlterG Therapy Functions	284
Figure 3-50	285
AlterG: PK100 PowerKnee	285
Figure 3-51	288
AlterG Bionic Neurologic And Orthopedic Therapy Leg	288
Figure 3-52	290
Tibion Bionic Leg	290
Figure 3-53	293
AlterG M300 Robotic Rehabilitation Treadmill	293
Figure 3-54	294
AlterG M300 Robotic Leg, Knee and Thigh Rehabilitation Treadmill	294
Table 3-55	295
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill Precise Unweighting Technology Patient Rehabilitation Functions295
Figure 3-56	297
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill Heals patient Faster	297
Table 3-57	298
Biodex Dynamometer Target Markets	298
Figure 3-58	300
Biodex BioStep® 2 Semi-Recumbent Elliptical	300
Figure 3-59	302
Biodex System 4 Pro	302
Figure 3-60	304
Biodex Balance System SD	304
Figure 3-61	305
Biodex Balance System SD Features	305
Figure 3-62	307
Biodex Pneumex Unweighting Systems	307
Figure 3-63	309
Honda Walk assist	309
Figure 3-64	310
Honda Stride Management	310
Figure 3-65	312
Honda Walk Assist Device Specifications	312
Figure 3-66	313
Honda ASIMO	313
Figure 3-66	314
Honda ASIMO Front Position	314
Figure 3-67	315
Honda ASIMO Dimensions and Weight	315
Figure 3-68	316
Honda ASIMO Intelligence Features	316
Figure 3-69	317
Mobility Research HugN-Go 350	317
Table 3-70	318
Mobility Research HugN-Go 350 Supported Ambulation Device	318
Figure 3-71	319
Mobility Research HugN-Go 250	319
Figure 3-72	320
Mobility Research HugN-Go 250 Features	320
Figure 3-73	321
Mobility Research HugN-Go 100	321
Figure 3-71	322
Mobility Research HugN-Go 100 Features	322
Figure 3-72	323
Mobility Research LiteGait Solution for Gait Therapy	323
Table 3-73	324
Mobility Research LiteGait Advanced Solutions For Gait Therapy	324
Table 3-74	326
Upper Limb Stroke Rehabilitation Devices	326
Figure 3-75	335
Tyromotion Diego	335
Table 3-76	337
Advantages of Rehabilitation Robot Therapy with Tyromotion DIEGO	337
Figure 3-77	338
Tyromotion Pablo	338
Table 3-78	340
Tyromotion PABLO Multiball Rehabilitation Robot Functions: Versatility	340
Table 3-79	341
Tyromotion Pablo Advantages of Hand-Arm-Rehabilitation	341
Figure 3-80	342
Tyromotion TYMO	342
Table 3-81	344
Tyromotion TYMO Support Features	344
Figure 3-82	346
Tyromotion Amadeo® System For Neurological Rehabilitation	346
Table 3-83	349
Amado® Individual Fingers Or The Entire Hand Rehabilitation Advantages	349
Figure 3-84	350
Tyromotion AMADEO® -For Neurological Rehabilitation	350
Table 3-85	351
Tyromotion AMADEO® -For Neurological Rehabilitation	351
Table 3-86	352
Tyromotion Amadeo®Benefits	352
Figure 3-87	353
Myomo MyoPro Motion G – Elbow-Wrist-Hand Orthosi	353
Table 3-88	355
MyoPro Motion-G Elbow-Wrist-Hand Orthosis Benefits	355
Table 3-89	356
MyoPro Motion-G Clinical Criteria	356
Table 3-90	358
Myomo mPower 1000 Indications	358
Table 3-91	358
Myomo mPower 1000 Contraindications	358
Table 3-92	365
Focals Meditech BV Models:	365
Table 3-93	366
Focal Meditech BV Assistive Technology Types	366
Table 3-94	367
Focal Meditech BV High End Assistive Technology	367
Table 3-95	368
Focal Meditech Products for Robotic Rehabilitation	368
Figure 3-96	369
ARMin III Robot For Movement Therapy Following Stroke	369
Figure 3-97	372
Kinova Robotarm Jaco	372
Figure 3-98	374
Kinova Jaco Rehabilitation Hand	374
Figure 3-99	375
Invacare Partnered with Kinova to Facilitate Use of the Jaco	375
Figure 3-100	376
Invacare Kinova Robotarm Broad Product Line	376
Figure 3-101	378
InteraXon Muse Headband	378
Figure 3-102	380
Interaxon Finely Calibrated Brain Wave Sensors	380
Figure 3-103	382
InteraXon Measuring Brainwaves	382
Figure 3-104	387
Lower Limb Prosthetic Designed By The Center For Intelligent Mechatronics	387
Figure 3-105	389
Orthocare Innovations Prosthesis	389
Figure 3-106	390
Orthocare Innovations Edison Prosthesis Ankle and Foot	390
Figure 3-107	393
Orthocare Innovations Edison Leg and Ankle	393
Figure 3-108	395
Orthocare Innovations Prosthetic Foot That Adjusts Automatically	395
Figure 3-109	396
Orthocare Innovations Proshthetic Foot That Fits	396
Figure 3-110	397
Orthocare Innovations Proshthetic Foot That Can Be Used for Hiking	397
Figure 3-111	399
Orthocare Innovations	399
Figure 3-112	403
RSLSteeper Pererro+	403
Table 3-113	404
RSLSteeper Pererro+ Key Features:	404
Figure 3-114	405
RSL Steeper Bebionic’s Standard Glove	405
Figure 3-115	407
RSL Steeper Prosthesis Hand	407




Figure 3-116	408
Touch Bionics’ i-limb Functions	408
Table 3-117	409
Touch Bionics i-limb Muscle Triggers	409
Figure 3-118	413
Touch Bionics Quick Grips	413
Figure 3-119	414
Touch Bionics Prostheses	414
Figure 3-120	418
Touch Bionics Active Prostheses	418
Figure 3-121	421
Touch Bionics Active prostheses	421
Table 3-122	422
Touch Bionics Products	422
Table 3-123	424
RU Robots Core Technologies And Competencies	424
Figure 3-124	425
RU Robots Advanced Robotics	425
Figure 3-126	427
RU Robots Sophisticated Interactions	427
Figure 3-127	428
RU Robots Care-o-bot Large Service Robot	428
Table 3-128	431
Instead Technologies Advantages of RoboTherapist3D Therapy:	431
Figure 3-129	432
Instead Technologies Robotherapist 3D RT3D Arm	432
Figure 3-130	432
Instead Technologies Robotherapist 3D RT3D Cup	432










Figure 3-131		433
Instead Technologies RT3D Hand		433
Figure 3-132		434
Instead Technologies Robotherapist 3D RT3D Ring Structure	434
Figure 3-133		435
Instead Technologies Ultrasound Breast Volumes. BreastExplorer	435
Figure 3-134		436
Instead Technologies Ultrasound Breast Volumes BreastExplorer Handheld Device	436
Figure 3-135		437
Instead Technologies Ultrasound Breast Volumes BreastExplorer Screen Display	437
Table 3-136		439
Instead Technologies Research:		439
Table 3-137		440
Instead Technologies Consultancy Services:		440
Figure 3-138		447
Esko Technology		447
Figure 3-139		449
Ekso Bionics Gait Training		449
Figure 3-140		450
Ekso Bionics Gait Training Functions		450
Table 3-141		451
Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Functions		451




Table 3-142	452
Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Functions	452
Figure 3-143	453
Ekso Bionics Step Support System	453
Table 3-144	454
Ekso Bionics Operation Modes	454
3.26.3	Ekso Bionics	455
Figure 3-145	456
Figure 3-146	457
Ekso Bionics Bionic Suit	457
Figure 3-147	460
Rewalk-Robotics-Personal Support	460
Figure 3-148	461
Permobil F5 Corpus VS Stand Sequence	461
Figure 3-149	462
Karman Xo-202 Standing Wheelchair Power Stand Power Drive	462
Table 3-150	464
Karman Xo-202 Standing Wheelchair Power Stand Power Drive Features	464
Figure 3-151	465
Berkeley Robotics Austin	465
Figure 3-152	467
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoHiker	467
Figure 3-153	469
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoClimber	469
Table 3-154	470
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Exoskeleton	470
Figure 3-155	472
Reha-Stim Gait Trainer GT I	472
Figure 3-156	474
Reha-Stim Gait Trainer Improves The Patient Ability To Walk Through Continuous Practice	474
Figure 3-157	477
Reha-Stim Bi-Manu-Track Hand and Wrist Rehabilitation Device	477






Figure 3-158	478
Reha-Stim Gait Trainer GT I Harness	478
Figure 3-159	485
Motorized Physiotherapy Controlled Mobilization Goals of phase 1 rehabilitation	485
Table 3-160	486
Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Device Benefits Following Knee Arthroplasty	486
Figure 3-161	487
Chattanooga CPM	487
Table 3-162	488
Chattanooga Active-K Functions	488
Figure 3-163	489
DJO Chattanooga Active-K	489
Figure 3-164	490
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy Unit Integration Benefits	490
Figure 3-165	491
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy Controlled Mobilization	491
Figure 3-166	492
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy CPM (Continuous Passive Motion	492
Figure 3-167	493
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy Controller	493
Figure 3-168	494
DJO Chattanooga Active-K Features:	494
Table 3-169	495
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy Therapeutic Modes	495
Figure 3-170	496
Chattanooga Active-K Motorized Physiotherapy Therapeutic Benefits	496
Figure 3-171	497
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Knee Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Device	497
Table 3-172	498
Chattanooga Optiflex Knee CPM Unique Features:	498
Table 3-173	499
Chattanooga Optiflex CPM Use While Resting	499





Table 3-174	500
Chattanooga Optiflex Knee CPM Standard Functions:	500
Table 3-175	501
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Knee Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Specifications:	501
Figure 3-176	502
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Ankle Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)	502
Table 3-177	503
Chattanooga Optiflex Ankle CPM Features:	503
Table 3-178	504
Chattanooga Optiflex Ankle CPM Specifications:	504
Table 3-179	505
Chattanooga Optiflex Shoulder CPM Features:	505
Figure 3-180	506
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Elbow Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)	506
Table 3-181	507
Chattanooga OptiFlex Elbow CPM Features:	507
Figure 3-182	508
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Elbow Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)	508
Table 3-183	508
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Elbow Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Specifications:	508
Figure 3-184	509
Chattanooga OptiFlex® 3 Elbow Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Flexion	509
Figure 3-185	510
Chattanooga OptiFlex S Shoulder Continuous Passive Motion (CPM)	510
Table 3-186	511
Chattanooga OptiFlex Shoulder CPM Features:	511
Figure 3-187	513
Paterson Kinetec Knee CPM	513
Table 3-188	514
Paterson Kinetec Spectra Knee CPM Features:	514
Table 3-189	515
Paterson Kinetec Spectra Knee CPM Treatment Modes	515





Figure 3-190	516
Global Medical CPM device	516
Table 3-191	517
Global Medical CPM device Features	517
Figure 3-192	518
Global Medical Handheld Controller	518
Figure 3-193	521
Furniss Corporation Model 1800™ Knee CPM	521
Table 3-194	523
Furniss Corporation CPM 1800 Features	523
Figure 3-195	524
Furniss Corporation CP	524
Figure 3-196	525
Furniss Corporation Phoenix Model 1850 Knee CPM	525
Figure 3-197	526
Furniss Corporation Continuous Passive Motion DC2480 Knee CPM	526
Figure 3-198	529
Danniflex 480 Lower Limb CPM Unit	529
Table 3-199	530
Danniflex Lower Limb CPM Features	530
Figure 3-200	531
Rehab-Robotics Company Hand of Hope Therapeutic Device	531
Figure 3-201	532
Rehab-Robotics Repetitive Training System	532
Table 3-202	534
Rehab-Robotics Hand of Hope Movement Control	534
Figure 3-203	536
Rehab-Robotics Modes Provide Different Levels Of Assistance In Movement Of Patient’s Hand536
Figure 3-204	537
Rehab-Robotics Different Modes	537
Figure 3-205	538
Rehab-Robotics Arm Training	538





Table 3-206		539
Rehab-Robotics Hand of Hope Modes		539
Figure 3-207		540
Bioxtreme Robotic Rehabilitation System		540
Figure 3-208		541
Corbys Rehabilitation Robot		541
Figure 3-209		543
Corbys Rehabilitation System		543
Figure 3-210		544
Corbys Rehabilitation Orthosis Actuation Test Stand	544
Figure 3-211		545
Corbys Mobile Robotic Gait Rehabilitation System	545
Figure 3-212		546
Swtotek Leg Orthosis of Motion Maker		546
Table 4-1		552
Rehabilitation Robot System Concerns Addressed During System Design	552
Table 4-5		559
Rehabilitation Robots Software Functions		559
Table 4-6		560
InMotion Robots Immediate Interactive Response Sets	560
Table 4-7		562
HEXORR: Hand Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Benefits	562
Table 4-8		563
HEXORR: Hand Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Monitoring	563
Table 4-9		564
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Treatment Benefits	564
Table 4-10		565
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Force and Motion Sensor Benefits
		565
Figure 4-11		567
Hand Spring Operated Movement Enhancer		567
Figure 4-12		568
Hand Spring Robot Operated Movement Enhancer	568
Table 5-1		573
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmills Features		573
Built On Differential Air Pressure Technology		573
Table 5-2		574
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmills Target Markets		574
Table 5-3		575
AlterG Product Positioning		575
Figure 5-4		577
Selected US Regional AlterG M300 Customer Clusters	577
Figure 5-5		582
AlterG / Tibion Bionic Leg		582
Figure 5-6		584
Afetech ZeroG Gait & Balance		584
Figure 5-7		585
Aretech Rehabilitation Robot		585
Table 5-8		588
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Research Work	588
Table 5-9		589
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Research Work	589
Figure 5-10		602
Bioxtreme Robotics Rehabilitation For Cerebral Stroke Or Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) On Error
Enhancement Technology		602
Figure 5-11		603
Breg Home Therapy CPM Continuous Passive Motion Practice Kits	603
Table 5-12		613
DJO Rehabilitation Product Target Markets		613
Table 5-13		614
DJO Rehabilitation Product Targets Care Givers		614
Figure 5-14		629
Ekso Bionics Regional Presence		629
Table 5-15		641
FOCAL Meditech BV Products:		641
Table 5-16		642
Focal Meditech BV Collaborating Partners:	642
Table 5-17	647
Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation Used In Rehabilitation Medicine:	647
Table 5-18	648
Hocoma Therapy Solutions Treatments	648
Table 5-19	653
Honda’s Principal Automobile Products	653
Figure 5-20	655
Honda Walk Assist	655
Figure 5-21	657
Honda Motors Prototype Stride Management Motorized Assist Device	657
Table 5-22	659
Instead Technologies Research:	659
Table 5-23	660
Instead Technologies Consultancy Services:	660
Table 3-24	668
iRobot / InTouch Health RP-VITA	668
Figure 3-25	669
iRobot / InTouch Health RP-VITA	669
Table 5-26	671
Karman DME Internet Authorized Dealers	671
Figure 5-27	675
Mobility Research LiteGait Device	675
Figure 5-28	693
Reha G-EO Robotic Rehabilitation Device	693
Table 5-29	695
Reha Technology G-EO System	695
Table 5-30	701
RUR Key Market Areas For Robotic Technologies	701
Figure 3-31	702
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Manual Mode	702
Table 3-32	703
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Features in Manual Mode	703
Figure 3-33	704
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Semi-automatic Mode	704
	704
Table 3-   34	705
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Semi-automatic Mode	705
Figure 3-35	706
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Automatic Mode	706
Table 3-36	707
Secom Co.Ltd MySpoon Automatic Mode	707
Table 5-37	708
Sunrise Medical Products	708
Figure 3-38	710
Sunrise Medical Whitmyer Biomechanics Head Support	710
Table 3-39	711
Sunrise Medical Whitmyer Biomechanics Headrest Features	711
Figure 5-40	713
Touch Bionics Prosthetic Technologies	713
Figure 5-41	714
Tyromotion GmbH Employee Group	714
Table 5-42	716
Tyromotion GmbH Pablo®Plus System Strengthens The Upper Extremity Hand,	
Arm And Wrist Functions	716
Table 5-43	717
Tyromotion Network	717 



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