Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Professional Survey Report 2016

Published: Jul 19, 2016 | Pages: 122 | Publisher: QYResearch | Industry: Consumer Goods | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

This report studies Flow Cytometry Instrumentation in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2011 to 2015, and forecast to 2021.

This report focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering
    Beckman Coulter/Danaher
    BD
    Bio-Rad Laboratories
    Sysmex
    EMD Millipore
    Luminex Corporation
    Thermo?Fisher?Scientific
    Miltenyi Biotec
    Apogee Flow Systems

By types, the market can be split into
    Type I
    Type II
    Type III

By Application, the market can be split into
    Application 1
    Application 2
    Application 3

By Regions, this report covers (we can add the regions/countries as you want)
    North America
    China
    Europe
    Southeast Asia
    Japan
    India


 Table of Contents
Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Professional Survey Report 2016 1 Industry Overview of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.1.1 Definition of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.1.2 Specifications of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.2 Classification of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Applications of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 1.3.1 Application 1 1.3.2 Application 2 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 China 1.4.3 Europe 1.4.4 Southeast Asia 1.4.5 Japan 1.4.6 India 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers 2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 3 Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 3.2 Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 3.3 R&D Status and Technology Source of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 3.4 Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 4 Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overall Market Overview 4.1 2011-2016E Overall Market Analysis 4.2 Capacity Analysis 4.2.1 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Capacity and Growth Rate Analysis 4.2.2 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Capacity Analysis (Company Segment) 4.3 Sales Analysis 4.3.1 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales and Growth Rate Analysis 4.3.2 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Analysis (Company Segment) 4.4 Sales Price Analysis 4.4.1 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price 4.4.2 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis (Company Segment) 5 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Regional Market Analysis 5.1 North America Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.1.1 North America Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.1.2 North America 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.1.3 North America 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.1.4 North America 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 5.2 China Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.2.1 China Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.2.2 China 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.2.3 China 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.2.4 China 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 5.3 Europe Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.3.1 Europe Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.3.2 Europe 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.3.3 Europe 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.3.4 Europe 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 5.4 Southeast Asia Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.4.1 Southeast Asia Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.4.2 Southeast Asia 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.4.3 Southeast Asia 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.4.4 Southeast Asia 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 5.5 Japan Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.5.1 Japan Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.5.2 Japan 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.5.3 Japan 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.5.4 Japan 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 5.6 India Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Analysis 5.6.1 India Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Overview 5.6.2 India 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis 5.6.3 India 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Analysis 5.6.4 India 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Share Analysis 6 Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Segment Market Analysis (by Type) 6.1 Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales by Type 6.2 Different Types of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Interview Price Analysis 6.3 Different Types of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Driving Factors Analysis 6.3.1 Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 6.3.2 Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 6.3.3 Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 7 Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Segment Market Analysis (by Application) 7.1 Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption by Application 7.2 Different Application of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Interview Price Analysis 7.3 Different Application of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Driving Factors Analysis 7.3.1 Application 1 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 7.3.2 Application 2 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 7.3.3 Application 3 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Growth Driving Factor Analysis 8 Major Manufacturers Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 8.1 Beckman Coulter/Danaher 8.1.1 Company Profile 8.1.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.1.2.1 Type I 8.1.2.2 Type II 8.1.2.3 Type III 8.1.3 Beckman Coulter/Danaher 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.1.4 Beckman Coulter/Danaher 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.2 BD 8.2.1 Company Profile 8.2.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.2.2.1 Type I 8.2.2.2 Type II 8.2.2.3 Type III 8.2.3 BD 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.2.4 BD 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.3 Bio-Rad Laboratories 8.3.1 Company Profile 8.3.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.3.2.1 Type I 8.3.2.2 Type II 8.3.2.3 Type III 8.3.3 Bio-Rad Laboratories 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.3.4 Bio-Rad Laboratories 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.4 Sysmex 8.4.1 Company Profile 8.4.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.4.2.1 Type I 8.4.2.2 Type II 8.4.2.3 Type III 8.4.3 Sysmex 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.4.4 Sysmex 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.5 EMD Millipore 8.5.1 Company Profile 8.5.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.5.2.1 Type I 8.5.2.2 Type II 8.5.2.3 Type III 8.5.3 EMD Millipore 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.5.4 EMD Millipore 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.6 Luminex Corporation 8.6.1 Company Profile 8.6.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.6.2.1 Type I 8.6.2.2 Type II 8.6.2.3 Type III 8.6.3 Luminex Corporation 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.6.4 Luminex Corporation 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.7 Thermo?Fisher?Scientific 8.7.1 Company Profile 8.7.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.7.2.1 Type I 8.7.2.2 Type II 8.7.2.3 Type III 8.7.3 Thermo?Fisher?Scientific 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.7.4 Thermo?Fisher?Scientific 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.8 Miltenyi Biotec 8.8.1 Company Profile 8.8.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.8.2.1 Type I 8.8.2.2 Type II 8.8.2.3 Type III 8.8.3 Miltenyi Biotec 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.8.4 Miltenyi Biotec 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 8.9 Apogee Flow Systems 8.9.1 Company Profile 8.9.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.9.2.1 Type I 8.9.2.2 Type II 8.9.2.3 Type III 8.9.3 Apogee Flow Systems 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis 8.9.4 Apogee Flow Systems 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Analysis 9 Development Trend of Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market 9.1 Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Trend Analysis 9.1.1 Global 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (Volume and Value) Forecast 9.1.2 Global 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Forecast 9.2 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Regional Market Trend 9.2.1 North America 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.2.2 China 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.2.3 Europe 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.2.4 Southeast Asia 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.2.5 Japan 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.2.6 India 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Forecast 9.3 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Trend (Product Type) 9.4 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Trend (Application) 10 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Marketing Type Analysis 10.1 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Regional Marketing Type Analysis 10.2 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation International Trade Type Analysis 10.3 Traders or Distributors with Contact Information of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Regions 10.4 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Supply Chain Analysis 11 Consumers Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 11.1 Consumer 1 Analysis 11.2 Consumer 2 Analysis 11.3 Consumer 3 Analysis 11.4 Consumer 4 Analysis … 12 Conclusion of the Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Professional Survey Report 2016
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Table Product Specifications of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Table Classification of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Figure Global Production Market Share of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Type in 2015 Table Applications of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Figure Global Consumption Volume Market Share of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Application in 2015 Figure Market Share of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Regions Figure North America Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Figure China Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Figure Europe Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Figure Southeast Asia Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Figure Japan Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Figure India Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (2011-2021) Table Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Raw Material and Suppliers Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation in 2015 Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Figure Industry Chain Structure of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Table Capacity (K Units) and Commercial Production Date of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 Table Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 Table R&D Status and Technology Source of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 Table Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Major Manufacturers in 2015 Table Global Capacity (K Units), Sales (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Sales Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 Figure Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (Volume) and Growth Rate Figure Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (Value) and Growth Rate Table 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Capacity and Growth Rate Table 2015 Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Capacity List (Company Segment) Table 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales and Growth Rate Table 2015 Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales List (Company Segment) Table 2011-2016E Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price Table 2015 Global Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price List (Company Segment) Figure North America Capacity Overview Table North America Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure North America 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure North America 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Figure China Capacity Overview Table China Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure China 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure China 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Figure Europe Capacity Overview Table Europe Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure Europe 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure Europe 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Figure Southeast Asia Capacity Overview Table Southeast Asia Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure Southeast Asia 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure Southeast Asia 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Figure Japan Capacity Overview Table Japan Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure Japan 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure Japan 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Figure India Capacity Overview Table India Supply, Import, Export and Consumption of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation 2011-2016 (K Units) Figure India 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Figure India 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Market Share Table Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales by Type Table Different Types Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Interview Price Table Global 2011-2016E Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales by Application Table Different Application Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Product Interview Price Table Beckman Coulter/Danaher Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Beckman Coulter/Danaher Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Beckman Coulter/Danaher 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table BD Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 BD Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 BD 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Bio-Rad Laboratories Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Bio-Rad Laboratories Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Bio-Rad Laboratories 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Sysmex Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Sysmex Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Sysmex 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table EMD Millipore Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 EMD Millipore Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 EMD Millipore 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Luminex Corporation Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Luminex Corporation Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Luminex Corporation 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Thermo?Fisher?Scientific Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Thermo?Fisher?Scientific Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Thermo?Fisher?Scientific 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Miltenyi Biotec Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Miltenyi Biotec Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Miltenyi Biotec 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Table Apogee Flow Systems Information List Table Type I Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type II Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table Type III Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Overview Table 2015 Apogee Flow Systems Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Revenue, Sales, Ex-factory Price Figure 2015 Apogee Flow Systems 2015 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Business Region Distribution Figure Global 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (Volume) and Growth Rate Forecast Figure Global 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Market Size (Value) and Growth Rate Forecast Figure Global 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Sales Price (USD/Unit) Forecast Figure North America 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Figure China 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Figure Europe 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Figure Southeast Asia 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Figure Japan 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Figure India 2016-2021 Flow Cytometry Instrumentation Consumption Volume and Growth Rate Forecast Table Global Sales Volume (K Units) of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Types 2016-2021 Table Global Consumption Volume (K Units) of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Applications 2016-2021 Table Traders or Distributors with Contact Information of Flow Cytometry Instrumentation by Regions Table Part of Interviewees Record List



To request a free sample copy of this report, please complete the form below.

This website is secure and your personal details are safe. Privacy policy

Global coated fabrics market size forecast is estimated at USD 22.57 billion by 2020; as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing production of seat covers & airbags for automobile applications is likely to favor market growth.

Read More...

Global Automated Test Equipment (ATE) market is expected to be valued at USD 4.48 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing design complexity coupled with need for effective testing is expected to drive the gl

Read More...

Global animal feed additives market size was estimated at USD 16 billion in 2014. Growing meat consumption as a key protein source, especially in Asia Pacific and Latin America is expected to be a key driver for market demand over the forecast period

Read More...

Global aerospace plastics market size is likely to be valued at USD 13.48 billion by 2020; as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Growing application scope of lightweight materials in aerospace industry is likely to drive market growt

Read More...

Global FPGA market is anticipated to be valued at USD 9,882.5 million by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing demand for customized IC’s is expected to drive the demand. Customized IC’s helps manufacturers to mo

Read More...
Choose License Type
Single User - US $3500
Multi User - US $4550
Why Choose Us

24/5 Research support

Get your queries resolved from an industry expert. Request for a free product review before report purchase.

Phone: 1-415-349-0054

Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

Email: [email protected]

Custom research service

Speak to the report author to design an exclusive study to serve your research needs.

Quality assurance

A testimonial for service excellence represented in the form of BBB "A" Accreditation.

Information security

Your personal and confidential information is safe and secure.

verify