Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Market Report 2021

Published: Aug 2, 2016 | Pages: 126 | Publisher: QYResearch | Industry: Chemicals & Materials | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

This report studies sales (consumption) of Chloroprene Rubber in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering
    AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC.
    ARKEMA INC.
    AVON AUTOMOTIVE
    BASF GROUP
    BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC.
    CELANESE CORPORATION
    CHEMOURS COMPANY(THE)
    CHEMTURA CORPORATION
    COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC.
    COVESTRO AG
    GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY(THE)
    HBD INDUSTRIES/HBD THERMOID INC.
    HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC.
    SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS USA LLC
    PACCAR INC./DYNACRAFT
    PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION
    PLASTIFLEX COMPANY INC.
    POLYONE CORPORATION
    SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION
    A. SCHULMAN INC.
Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Chloroprene Rubber in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like
    North America
    China
    Europe
    Japan
    Southeast Asia
    India
Split by product types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into
    Type I
    Type II
    Type III
Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Chloroprene Rubber in each application, can be divided into
    Chemical industry
    Automobile
    Application 3

 Table of Contents
Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Market Report 2021 1 Chloroprene Rubber Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Chloroprene Rubber 1.2 Classification of Chloroprene Rubber 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Applications of Chloroprene Rubber 1.3.1 Chemical industry 1.3.2 Automobile 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Chloroprene Rubber Market by Regions 1.4.1 North America Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of Chloroprene Rubber (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue and Price (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.3 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 2 Global Chloroprene Rubber Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application 2.1 Global Chloroprene Rubber Market Competition by Manufacturers 2.1.1 Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.1.2 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.2 Global Chloroprene Rubber (Volume and Value) by Type 2.2.1 Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2021) 2.2.2 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2021) 2.3 Global Chloroprene Rubber (Volume and Value) by Regions 2.3.1 Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2021) 2.3.2 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2021) 2.4 Global Chloroprene Rubber (Volume) by Application 3 North America Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 3.1 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 3.1.1 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 3.1.2 North America Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 3.1.3 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 3.2 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 3.3 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 3.4 North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 4 China Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 4.1 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 4.1.1 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 4.1.2 China Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 4.1.3 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 4.2 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 4.3 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 4.4 China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 5 Europe Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 5.1 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 5.1.1 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 5.1.2 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 5.1.3 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 5.2 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 5.3 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 5.4 Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 6 Japan Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 6.1 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 6.1.1 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 6.1.2 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 6.1.3 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 6.2 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 6.3 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 6.4 Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 7 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 7.1 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 7.1.1 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 7.1.2 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 7.1.3 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 7.2 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 7.3 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 7.4 Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 8 India Chloroprene Rubber (Volume, Value and Sales Price 8.1 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Value (2011-2021) 8.1.1 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 8.1.2 India Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 8.1.3 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) 8.2 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers 8.3 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type 8.4 India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Applications 9 Global Chloroprene Rubber Manufacturers Analysis 9.1 AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC. 9.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.1.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.1.2.1 Type I 9.1.2.2 Type II 9.1.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.2 ARKEMA INC. 9.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.2.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.2.2.1 Type I 9.2.2.2 Type II 9.2.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.3 AVON AUTOMOTIVE 9.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.3.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.3.2.1 Type I 9.3.2.2 Type II 9.3.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.4 BASF GROUP 9.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.4.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.4.2.1 Type I 9.4.2.2 Type II 9.4.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.5 BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC. 9.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.5.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.5.2.1 Type I 9.5.2.2 Type II 9.5.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.6 CELANESE CORPORATION 9.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.6.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.6.2.1 Type I 9.6.2.2 Type II 9.6.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2016) 9.7 CHEMOURS COMPANY(THE) 9.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.7.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.7.2.1 Type I 9.7.2.2 Type II 9.7.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2017) 9.8 CHEMTURA CORPORATION 9.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.8.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.8.2.1 Type I 9.8.2.2 Type II 9.8.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2018) 9.9 COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC. 9.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.9.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.9.2.1 Type I 9.9.2.2 Type II 9.9.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2019) 9.10 COVESTRO AG 9.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 9.10.2 Chloroprene Rubber Product Type and Technology 9.10.2.1 Type I 9.10.2.2 Type II 9.10.3 Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of Company One (2015 and 2021) 9.11 GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY(THE) 9.12 HBD INDUSTRIES/HBD THERMOID INC. 9.13 HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC. 9.14 SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS USA LLC 9.15 PACCAR INC./DYNACRAFT 9.16 PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION 9.17 PLASTIFLEX COMPANY INC. 9.18 POLYONE CORPORATION 9.19 SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION 9.20 A. SCHULMAN INC. 10 Chloroprene Rubber Technology and Development Trend 10.1 Chloroprene Rubber Technology Analysis 10.2 Chloroprene Rubber Technology Development Trend 11 Research Findings and Conclusion
List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Chloroprene Rubber Table Classification of Chloroprene Rubber Figure Global Sales Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Type in 2015 Table Applications of Chloroprene Rubber Figure Global Sales Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Applications in 2015 Figure Chemical industry Examples Figure Automobile Examples Figure North America Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure China Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Europe Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Japan Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure India Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue and Price (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Figure 2015 Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Manufacturers Figure 2016 Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Manufacturers Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table 2015 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table 2016 Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Type (2011-2021) Figure Sales Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Type (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Share by Type (2011-2021) Figure Revenue Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Type (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Growth Rate by Type (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Regions (2011-2021) Figure Sales Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Regions (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Share by Regions (2011-2021) Figure Revenue Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Regions (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Revenue Growth Rate by Regions (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2021) Table Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Share by Application (2011-2021) Figure Sales Market Share of Chloroprene Rubber by Application (2011-2021) Figure Global Chloroprene Rubber Sales Growth Rate by Application (2011-2021) Figure North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure North America Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table North America Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Figure Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Europe Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table Europe Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Figure China Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure China Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure China Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table China Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Figure Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Japan Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table Japan Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Figure India Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure India Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure India Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table India Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Figure Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales Price Trend (2011-2021) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Sales by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table Southeast Asia Chloroprene Rubber Market Share by Applications (2015 and 2016) Table AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC. (2015 and 2016) Table ARKEMA INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of ARKEMA INC. (2015 and 2016) Table AVON AUTOMOTIVE Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of AVON AUTOMOTIVE (2015 and 2016) Table BASF GROUP Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of BASF GROUP (2015 and 2016) Table BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC. (2015 and 2016) Table CELANESE CORPORATION Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of CELANESE CORPORATION (2015 and 2016) Table CHEMOURS COMPANY(THE) Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of CHEMOURS COMPANY(THE) (2015 and 2016) Table CHEMTURA CORPORATION Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of CHEMTURA CORPORATION (2015 and 2016) Table COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC. (2015 and 2016) Table COVESTRO AG Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of COVESTRO AG (2015 and 2016) Table GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY(THE) Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY(THE) (2015 and 2016) Table HBD INDUSTRIES/HBD THERMOID INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of HBD INDUSTRIES/HBD THERMOID INC. (2015 and 2016) Table HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC. (2015 and 2016) Table SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS USA LLC Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS USA LLC (2015 and 2016) Table PACCAR INC./DYNACRAFT Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of PACCAR INC./DYNACRAFT (2015 and 2016) Table PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION (2015 and 2016) Table PLASTIFLEX COMPANY INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of PLASTIFLEX COMPANY INC. (2015 and 2016) Table POLYONE CORPORATION Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of POLYONE CORPORATION (2015 and 2016) Table SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION (2015 and 2016) Table A. SCHULMAN INC. Basic Information List Table Chloroprene Rubber Sales, Revenue, Price of A. SCHULMAN INC. (2015 and 2016)



To request a free sample copy of this report, please complete the form below.

This website is secure and your personal details are safe. Privacy policy

Global contact lenses market size is estimated to reach USD 12.5 billion by 2020, according to a new industry report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Growing number of ophthalmic disorder observed in global population especially children is likely to drive

Read More...

Global automotive ECU market is projected to be valued at USD 45.98 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Rising use in infotainment systems coupled with high deployment in electric vehicles applications is expected

Read More...

Global polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) market size is likely to be valued at USD 11.65 billion by 2022; as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing spending on advertising & marketing for building strong brand equity and product

Read More...

Global Automated Test Equipment (ATE) market is expected to be valued at USD 4.48 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Increasing design complexity coupled with need for effective testing is expected to drive the gl

Read More...

Global engineering service outsourcing market size is likely to be valued at USD 415.7 billion by 2020, as per a new research report by Radiant Insights, Inc. Rapid alignment of OEMs accompanied by increasing focus on efficient performance and reliab

Read More...
Choose License Type
Single User - US $4000
Multi User - US $5200
Why Choose Us

24/5 Research support

Get your queries resolved from an industry expert. Request for a free product review before report purchase.

Phone: 1-415-349-0054

Toll Free: 1-888-928-9744

Email: [email protected]

Custom research service

Speak to the report author to design an exclusive study to serve your research needs.

Quality assurance

A testimonial for service excellence represented in the form of BBB "A" Accreditation.

Information security

Your personal and confidential information is safe and secure.

verify