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Low Iron Glass: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021

Mar 4, 2015 | 642 Pages | WinterGreen Research | Power

Low iron glass is widely used in solar industry.  Glass vendors are emerging as innovative and experienced partners for solar plant operators. Furthermore, float glass plants are mostly designed for PV glass for solar panels and thin films. The overall low iron glass market is expected to grow at compound rates owing to support CSP module, manufacturing processes and for CSP low iron glass. Cost of electricity from CSP plants will decrease from $.15-0.24/kWH to $.03 over the forecast period.

CSP for low iron glass signifies 3% of the total glass production as CSP has notably stirred to early adopter stage from trial stage. In 2014, the estimated revenue low iron glass CSP collected was $510 million and it is further projected to cross over $4 billion by 2021. By 2021, the market is likely to grow at 15% of the total iron glass production.

Rapid adoption of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) to generate electricity is the major reason driving the low iron glass market. Architectural and low iron glass decorative markets are poised to attain considerable growth based on probability of decreasing prices of low iron gas owing to economies of scale over the forecast period.

Rise in CSP sector is strong as CSP has huge ability to reduce the cost of electricity products. Also, Rapid growth in the market will make compound annual growth rates futile. The market becomes feasible as soon as the new market has 100 paying reference accounts. CSP market is expected to augment till 2015 as the solar systems has reached the market variation point.

The material which is majorly used in low iron glass market is silica. After production of the plant is finished, a smaller amount labor during the production is sufficient as there are no enduring fuel costs in the process. This is anticipated to impact the overall economic cost of  low iron glass market.

Expanding global nature of engineering, science and technology is the reflection of the implementation of the total integrated enterprise. The recent study stated that “Low iron glass creates increased efficiency in capture of solar power”, hence CSP is entirety reliable on low iron glass. Low iron glass has driven the CSP market power the past few years, and is further expected to impact the overall CSP market positively.
 Table Of Content

LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER (CSP) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 35
Low Iron Solar Glass Market Driving Forces 35
Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Driving Forces 36 
Increasing Installed Base At The Forefront Of Concentrating 
Solar Power (CSP) Market Shifts 38
Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Key Growth Factor in 
Low Iron Glass Market 39
Low Iron Glass Used for CSP 39 
Low Iron Glass Market Shares 40
CSP Low Iron Glass Market Shares 40 
Low Iron Solar Glass Market Forecasts 42
Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 44 

1. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS 46 
1.1 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass 46
1.1.1 Glass and Mirrors in Concentrated Solar Power Systems 47
1.2 Decorative Low Iron Glass 48
1.2.1 Architectural Low Iron Glass 49 
1.2.2 Low-Iron Glass Successful At Transmitting Light And Decreasing Reflections 52 
1.3 Low Iron Glass Coatings 54
1.3.1 Solar Control Glazing 55 
1.4 Parabolic Trough Technology 57
1.4.1 Concentrated Solar Power – Clean, Predictable Electricity Generation 24x7 58 
1.4.2  Parabolic Trough Power Plants 59 
1.5 Low Iron Containing Materials for Glass 60
1.5.1 Clear Float Glass And Low Iron Glass 62 
1.5.2 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 62 
1.6 Low Iron Glass Yields 62
1.6.1 Influence of Mirror Quality on Plant Performance and Revenues 64 
1.6.2 Glare Performance Anti-Soiling Coatings 66 
1.7 CSP Low-Iron Solar Glass Creates Green Energy 69
1.8 Photovoltaics: 70
1.9 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 75 
1.9.1 Clear Float and Low Iron Glass 76

2. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 78
2.1 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Driving Forces 78 
2.1.1 Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Driving Forces 79
2.1.2 Increasing Installed Base At The Forefront Of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Shifts 81
2.1.3 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Key Growth Factor in Low Iron Glass Market 82
2.1.4 Low Iron Glass Used for CSP 82
2.1.5 Low Iron Float Glass And Mirror Industry 83
2.1.6 CSP Parabolic Mirror Forming 85
2.1.7 Receiver Mirrors 85
2.1.8 Decorative Low Iron Glass 86
2.1.9 Automotive Low Iron Glass 86 
2.2 Low Iron Glass Market Shares 87
2.2.1 CSP Low Iron Glass Market Shares 87 
2.2.2 Primary Suppliers Of Low Iron Float Glass 90
2.2.3 Rioglass Solar 91
2.2.4 Guardian Heat-Treated Glass 92
2.2.5 Schott Solar CSP 95
2.2.6 Schott Response To The Low Iron Glass CSP Market Challenge 97
2.2.7 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE / Flabeg 99
2.2.8 Bankrupt Flabeg Value:  Installed Base 99
2.2.9 Flabeg Solar US Assets Auctioned December, 17, 2013 105
2.2.10 Nippon Sheet Glass Thin Film Photovoltaic Modules 106
2.2.11 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Crystalline Silicon PV 106
2.2.12 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ - TCO 107
2.2.13 Rio Glass Glass Vendors Emerging As Experienced And Innovative Solar Energy Partners 107
2.2.14 Solar Panel Low Iron Glass 108
2.2.15 Decorative, Architectural, and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares 108 
2.2.16 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 110
2.2.17 Guardian Low Iron Glass Applications 112 
2.3 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Forecasts By Sector: CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive 112 
2.3.1 Low Iron Solar Glass Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market Forecasts 116
2.3.2 CSP Installed Capacity 121
2.3.3 Demand for Low-Iron Float Glass 124
2.3.4 Decorative and Architectural Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts 126
2.3.5 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 127 
2.4 Grid Parity 129
2.5 CSP Low Iron Glass Manufacturing Process 131 
2.5.1 The Cost Of Production (Raw Materials Breakdown) 132
2.5.2 Technology Of Sheet Low Iron Glass 135
2.5.3 Heliostats 135
2.5.4 Low Iron Silica Quality 136
2.5.5 Sources For Low Iron Sand 136
2.5.6 Solar Low Iron Glass Segment Companies 138 
2.6 Number of Float Glass Lines 141
2.6.1 Low-Iron Float Lines Globally / Ownership 142 
2.6.2 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Capacity 143
2.6.3 Low Iron Glass Company Summary by Country 152 
2.7 Low Iron Glass Manufacturing 161
2.7.1 Low Iron Removal Processes From Silica 161 
2.7.2 Other Glass Raw Materials / Supply of the Low Iron Materials 162
2.7.3 Float Glass Cost Structure 162
2.7.4 Low Iron Glass Cost Reduction Through Localization 164 
2.8 Low Iron Float Glass In China (Energy Implications, Raw Materials Implications) 165 
2.8.1 Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd 168
2.8.2 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) 168
2.8.3 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Advanced Equipment 169 
2.9 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Growth 169
2.9.1 50 MW CSP Plant 171 
2.9.2 Construction Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 171
2.9.3 Construction Costs of a 100 MW CSP Plant 179
2.9.4 Mirrors 180
2.9.5 Nano Silver Coating 184 
2.10 Solar Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 187
2.10.1 Low Iron Glass Product Differentiation 193 
2.10.2 Outlook for Solar Electricity 193
2.10.3 Low Iron Glass Product Differentiation 199
2.10.4 Outlook for Solar Electricity 199 
2.11 CSP Solar Market Installed Capacity 200
2.11.1 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Name 201 
2.11.2 Parabolic Trough Projects 205
2.11.3 Linear Fresnel Reflector Projects 209
2.11.4 Power Tower Projects 210
2.11.5 Dish/Engine Projects 211
2.11.6 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Country 213
2.11.7 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in the United States and By Country 214
2.11.8 List of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installations 225
2.11.9 CSP Number of HelioStats 231
2.11.10 Parabolic Trough Projects, General Contractor, Supplier, Glass, Turbine 234 
2.12 CSP Glass ROI 249
2.12.1 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life / Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 251 
2.13 Concentrated Solar Thermal - Segment 253
2.14 Low Iron Glass Price Trends 253 
2.14.1 Reflectech Rolled Mirror Film Pricing 260
2.14.2 Cell Efficiency Improvements 261
2.14.3 Grid Parity 261
2.14.4 Impact of Oil Price on Solar Industry 262
2.14.5 Glass Manufacturer Infrastructure 262
2.14.6 The Need for Low Iron Glass 263 
2.15 Decorative Low Iron Glass Prices 263
2.16 Low Iron Glass Regional Analysis 265 
2.16.1 Middle East Dominates Low Iron Galss Markets by 2021 266
2.16.2 Low Iron Glass Middle East Market Segment 268
2.16.3 Egypt 271
2.16.4 Dubai 271 

3. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS) PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 272
3.1 Glass for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) 272
3.2 Schott 273 
3.2.1 Schott is the Leading Solar Receiver 273
3.2.2 Schott Receivers Manufacturing Improvement 276
3.2.3 Schott Receivers Specialized Part Of CSP Solar Field 278 
3.2.4 Schott Solar Concentrated Power Parabolic Trough Technology Receivers 278
3.2.5 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform 279
3.2.6 Schott PTR® 70 Minimization Of Heat Conduction Losses 283
3.2.7 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design 283 
3.3 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 288
3.3.1 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 295 
3.3.2 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors Controlled Manufacturing Process 296
3.3.3 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors Testing Results 297
3.3.4 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Testing 298
3.3.5 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Outdoor Exposure Testing 301
3.3.6 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirror Wind tunnel testing 302
3.3.7 Guardian EcoGuard 303
3.3.8 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Glass 304
3.3.9 Guardian Float Glass 304
3.3.10 Guardian Heavy Float Glass 305
3.3.11 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar 305
3.3.12 Guardian Solar Glass Positioning 310
3.3.13 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass 311
3.3.14 Guardian Low Iron Glass in Transportation and Automotive Markets 316 
3.4 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE / Flabeg 316
3.4.1 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors 318
3.4.2 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 330
3.4.3 Flabeg Parabolic Trough 330
3.4.4 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 330
3.4.5 Flabeg Testing and Durability of Mirror Coating System 333
3.4.6 Flabeg Flat Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 338 
3.5 Emirates Float Glass 342
3.5.1 Emirates Float Glass Technical Data 343 
3.5.2 Emirates Float Glass and Mirrors in Concentrated Solar Power Systems 346 
3.6 RIO Glass 347
3.6.1 Rio Glass Production Process 350 
3.6.2 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coatings 351
3.6.3 Rio Glass CSP Operational Advantages 353
3.6.4 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection 354
3.6.5 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis 359
3.6.6 Rio Glass Solar Mirror Reflectance 361
3.6.7 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Measurements 362
3.6.8 Rio Glass CSP Ball Drop Testing Measurements 366
3.6.9 Rio Glass CSP Variable Temperature Testing Measurements 372
3.6.10 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements Conclusions 374
3.6.11 RIO Glass US Manufacturing in Arizona 376 
3.7 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Glass 377
3.7.1 Guangfeng Solarglass Characteristics 387 
3.8 Nippon Sheet Glass / Pilkington Solar Energy Glass 389
3.8.1 Nippon Sheet Glass Thin Film Photovoltaics Modules 390
3.8.2 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington  Crystalline Silicon PV 392
3.8.3 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Concentrated Solar Power 393
3.8.4 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Solar Thermal Collectors 395
3.8.5 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ - TCO 397 
3.9 Masdar PV supplies 1.5 MWp Thin Film Modules to Indian villages 400
3.9.1 Masdar, Total S.A. and Abengoa Solar Abu Dhabi Solar Power Plant 401 
3.10 Hangzhou AMD PV Glass Co Ltd 402
3.11 Ningbo Qixin Solar Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd 403
3.12 Borosil Glass Works 403
3.13 Yichang CSG Polysilicon Material Co., Ltd. 404
3.14 Dongguan CSG Solar Glass Co., Ltd. 404 
3.14.1 Dongguan CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Anti-reflective Coating 409
3.14.2 China Glass Solar Glass & Mirrors 411
3.14.3 China Glass Solar Glass 411 
3.15 Egi MJG Launches Float Glass Manufacturing Plant In Nigeria 412
3.15.1 Egi MJG Float Glass 413 
3.16 fSolar 413
3.16.1 Low-Iron Solar Glass From F | Solar Is Used In High-Efficiency Photovoltaics Modules And Solar Collectors 417
3.16.2 Solar Combined Heat And Power: 418 
3.17 Asahi Glass Co. 418
3.17.1 Asahi Glass substrates for compound semiconductor solar module 420
3.17.2 Asahi Reflective (Mirror) Substrates For Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Systems 421
3.17.3 Asahi CSP Mirror 423 
3.18 AJJ Glass Ultra-Clear Solar Glass 424
3.19 Phoenica Flat Glass Industries CSP – Solargy 425 
3.19.1 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass 428
3.19.2 Phoenica Laminated UltraClear™ Low Iron Glass 430 
3.20 PPG Industries High-Performance Coatings for Solar Components 431
3.20.1 PPG Coraflon ADS 432 
3.20.2 PPG Duranar Coatings 432 
3.21 Bendheim 440

4. LOW-IRON GLASS TECHNOLOGY 441
4.1 Low-Iron Glass Decorative Shapes 441
4.2 CSP Low Iron Glass Wind Tunnel Testing 451 
4.2.1 RioGlass Wind Tunnel Testing 454
4.2.2 CSP Glass Production Processes 458 
4.3 Parabolic Mirrors Solar Generation Elements 459
4.3.1 Solar Receiver 460 
4.3.2 Key Parameters For The Yield Of A CSP Plant 463 
4.4 Ceramic Mounting Pads For Bonding 467
4.5 Energy Reflection 467 

5. LOW IRON SOLAR GLASS COMPANY DESCRIPTIONS 468
5.1 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life Acquires FLABEG, CSP Solar Technology 468 
5.1.1 ACWA Holding / SUN & LIFE 470
5.1.2 Sun & Life On Acquisition of Flabeg's Solar Division 472
5.1.3 Flabeg QDec Measurement 472
5.1.4 Flabeg Development Partners 475
5.1.5 Flabeg Ultimate Trough Design 477
5.1.6 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 479
5.1.7 Flabeg Holding GmbH / Flabeg Technical Glass / Naugatuck Glass 479
5.1.8 Flabeg Solar US Assets Auctioned December, 17, 2013 481
5.1.9 Sun & Life On Acquisition of Flabeg's Solar Division 483 
5.2 AEON Industries Corporation Ltd. Manufacturer - China ] 483
5.3 AJJ Glass 484
5.4 Alanod GmbH & Co KG / Alanod-Solar 485 
5.4.1 Alanod-Solar 486
5.4.2 Alanod-Solar Absorption 487
5.4.3 Alanod-Solar Solar Reflection 487
5.4.4 Alanod-Solar Surface Treatment 487
5.4.5 Alanod-Solar Global player 488
5.4.6 Almeco 489
5.4.7 Almeco Solar 489 
5.5 Asahi Glass Co. 490
5.5.1 AGC Specialty Glass Adopted for Use by Solar Power Plant 490 
5.6 Bendheim 492
5.7 Carvart Architectural Glass 493
5.8 China Glass 493 
5.8.1 China Glass Holdings Limited 494
5.8.2 China Southern Glass (Australia)Pty Ltd is a Subsidiary of CSG Holding Co., Ltd. 495
5.8.3 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Suqian, Jiangsua 498
5.8.4 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Weihai, Shandong 499
5.8.5 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Xianyang, Shaanxi 499
5.8.6 China Glass Holdings Production Base in Beijing 499
5.8.7 China Glass Holdings Production Base of Wuhai, Inner Mongolia 500
5.8.8 China Glass Holdings Production base in Nanjing, Jiangsu 500
5.8.9 China Glass Holdings Production base in Taicang, Jiangsu 500
5.8.10 China Glass Holdings Outlook Tied To China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan501
5.8.11 China Glass Holdings Lowers Cost to Manufacture Low Iron Glass 502 
5.9 Dubai Investments PJSC 502
5.9.1 Dubai Investments PJSC / Emirates Float Glass 503 
5.10 Dulles Glass and Mirror 504
5.11 eSolar 507
5.12 Glass LLC 507
5.13 Guangdong Golden Glass Technologies Ltd 508
5.14 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) 508 
5.14.1 Guangfeng Solar Glass (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd. 509 
5.15 Guardian Industries 509
5.15.1 Guardian Industries Manufactures Glass Using The Float Process 510 
5.15.2 Guardian Heat-Treated Glass 511
5.15.3 Guardian Tempered Glass 511
5.15.4 Guardian Industries US Base, Global Growth 512 
5.16 Gujarat Borosil Ltd. (GBL) 513
5.16.1 Gujarat Borosil Ltd. (GBL) Low Iron Glass 514 
5.17 Hangzhou AMD PV Glass Co Ltd 515
5.18 Hecker Glastechnik 516
5.19 Interfloat 517 
5.19.1 GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 517
5.19.2 Interfloat / GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 518
5.19.3 Interfloat Innovation At The Fore 519
5.19.4 Interfloat / GMB Glasmanufaktur Brandenburg GmbH 520
5.20 Jinjing Group Co Ltd 520
5.20.1 Jinjing group co.,ltd [ Manufacturer - China ] 521 
5.21 Nippon / Pilkington 522
5.21.1 Pilkington Clear Float Glass Solutions 524 
5.21.2 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Features and Benefits 525
5.21.3 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Group 529
5.21.4 Nippon Sheet Glass Revenue 531
5.21.5 Nippon Sheet Glass Solar Energy Products 536
5.21.6 Nippon Sheet Glass NSG Group / Pilkington 537 
5.22 Oerlikon Solar 547
5.23 Phoenica Flat Glass Industries 547
5.24 PPG Industries 548
5.25 ReflecTech 549 
5.25.1 ReflecTech® Mirror Film 550
5.25.2 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Construction 551
5.25.3 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Applications 552
5.25.4 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Properties 552 
5.26 RIO Glass 553
5.26.1 RIO Glass Nano Silver Coating 558 
5.27 Saint-Gobain / Saint Gobain Solar 568
5.27.1 Saint-Gobain/  SolarWood Technologies 568 
5.27.2 French: SolarWood Technologies Solar Sunlap SG and SG ® Solar 568
5.27.3 Saint Gobain Solar 569
5.27.4 Saint Gobain Solar Photovoltaic Solar Tiles System by Sunlap ® 570
5.27.5 Saint Gobain Solar SG Solar Sunlap ® Embedded System 571
5.27.6 Saint Gobain Solar SG Solar Suneka 571
5.28 Sener 571
5.29 Schott 573 
5.29.1 Schott Solar Manufacturing Facility in Albuquerque 576
5.29.2 Schott Revenue 579
5.29.3 Schott Parabolic Recievers 579
5.29.4 Schott Powered Thermal Parabolic Trough Power 580
5.29.5 Schott 581
5.29.6 Schott Electronic Packaging Gmbh 586
5.29.7 Schott AgFlat Glass 589
5.29.8 Schott Technological Competence 591
5.29.9 SCHOTT Solar Global presence 592
5.29.10 SCHOTT Solar Photovoltaics (PV) Business Division 593
5.29.11 SCHOTT Solar 2008 – Hospital Ward In Senegal 595
5.29.12 SCHOTT Light for Tanzania 596
5.29.13 SCHOTT Solar PV and Consolidated Solar Technologies at Moriarty High School 596
5.29.14 SCHOTT Solar Black Frame Modules 597
5.29.15 SCHOTT Solar Top in PV+ test by Solarpraxis and TUV Rheinland 598 
5.30 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Co Ltd 598
5.30.1 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Advanced Equipment 599 
5.30.2 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Quality Management 600
5.30.3 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Grouppowerful Scientific Research Team 601
5.30.4 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Group Markets 601
5.30.5 Shandong Glass Group Jinjing Groupgoals 602
5.30.6 Shandong Glass Group Driving Development 602 
5.31 Siemens Concentrated Solar Power, Ltd 603
5.32 Sisecam Group 604
5.33 SunRun and U.S. Bancorp 609
5.34 Tata BP Solar 610
5.35 Succeed Glass Co., Ltd / Henan Succeed New Energy Material Co 611
5.36 Sunarc Technology A/S 612 
5.36.1 Sunarc Technology Low Iron Solar Glass 614
5.36.2 Sunarc Technology Float glass 614
5.36.3 Sunarc Technology Rolled glass 614
5.36.4 Sunarc Technology Tempering 615
5.36.5 Sunarc Technology Glass Suppliers 615 
5.37 Targray Solar 615
5.37.1 Targray Crystalline Cell Materials 617 
5.37.2 Process vs. Targray Materials - Combined For Results 617
5.37.3 Targray Materials 617
5.37.4 Targray Silver Paste 618
5.37.5 Targray Aluminum Paste 618
5.37.6 Targray Wafers 619 
5.38 Trakya Cam Sanayii A.S. 619
5.38.1 Trakya Cam Partners  with Saint-Gobain 620 
5.39 Trakya Cam 623
5.40 Targray Solar Materials 623
5.41 US Silica 624 
5.41.1 US Silica Uses 624
5.41.2 US Silica Operations 625
5.41.3 US Silica Low Iron Sand 625 
5.42 Zhejiang Flat Glass Co., Ltd / Shanghai Flat Glass Co Ltd 629
5.43 Other Low Iron Glass Manufacturers 629 
5.43.1 AQT Solar 630
5.43.2 Bergamo Acquisition Corporation 630
5.43.3 Centrosolar Group AG 630
IG Solar PVT Ltd 631
Ningbo Qixin Solar Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd 631
Shenzhen Commonpraise Solar Co.,Ltd 631
ShenZhen SuoYang New Energy Co.,LTD 631
5.43.4 Low Iron Glass Country Company Summary 631 
5.44 Winners of the Middle East Solar Pioneers Programme - 634
List Of Figure

Table ES-1 CSP Solar Market Growth Key Factors Driving Demand 39
Figure ES-2 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 41
Figure ES-3 Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 43
Figure ES-4 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 44
Figure 1-1 ifferent Types of Low Iron Solar Glass 46
Figure 1-2 Decorative Low Iron Glass Shapes 48
Figure 1-3 Decorative Low Iron Glass Color 48
Figure 1-4 Arkitectural.com Low Iron Glass for Buildings 49
Figure 1-5 Architectural Low Iron Glass 50
Table 1-6 Arkitectural Decorative Low Iron Glass Benefits 51
Table 1-7 Arkitectural Decorative Low Iron Glass Applications 52
Table 1-8 Low Iron Glass Applications 53
Table 1-9 Low Iron Glass Coatings for Solar Applications 55
Figure 1-10 Glass Types Used for PV Cells 56
Table 1-11 Low Iron Solar Glass Production Issues 57
Figure 1-12 Solar Technologies and Glass Usage 60
Figure 1-13 Glass Segments and Products 61
Figure 1-14 CSP Low Iron Glass Consistently High Plant Yield 63
Figure 1-15 Flabeg CSP Focus Deviation <7mm, Direct Reflectance >94.4% 65
Figure 1-16 Influence of Mirror Quality on Plant Performance and Revenues 66
Table 1-17 Flabeg Dura Glare- Anti-Soiling Solar Glass Coating Testing 67
Figure 1-18 Flabeg Dura Glare- Anti-Soiling Solar Glass Yields 68
Source: Flabeg. 68
Figure 1-19 Transitional Roll Desk Used in Flat Glass Production 70
Figure 1-20 Total Cost of Flat Glass by Segment 73
Figure 1-21 Raw Material Breakdown of Flat Glass 74
Table 1-22 Performance Comparison – Clear Float Glass Versus Low Iron Glass 75
Table 1-23 Benefits of Using Low Iron Glass Compared To Clear Float Glass 76
Table 2-1 CSP Solar Market Growth Key Factors Driving Demand 82
Table 2-2 CSP Production Aspects 84
Figure 2-3 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 88
Table 2-4 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass and Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 89
Table 2-5 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 90
Figure 2-6 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 93
Figure 2-7 Guardian PV CSP Laminated Mirrors 94
Figure 2-8 Schott Solar Low Iron Glass 95
Table 2-9 Schott Solar CSP Technology Strengths 96
Table 2-10 Schott Solar CSP Technology Challenges 97
Table 2-11 Flabeg ROI Assumptions 100
Figure 2-12 Flabeg Installations in Spain 101
Source: Flabeg. 101
Figure 2-13 Flabeg Installations in US and India 102
Source: Flabeg. 102
Figure 2-14 Flabeg Installations in Abu Dhabi, Australia, and Egypt 103
Source: Flabeg. 103
Figure 2-15 Flabeg Worldwide Installations 104
Source: Flabeg. 104
Figure 2-16 Decorative Architectural and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, 2014 109
Table 2-17 Architectural, Specialty, and Automotive Low Iron Glass Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 110
Figure 2-18 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 111
Figure 2-19 Low Iron Glass Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 113
Table 2-20 Low Iron Glass by Sector, CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 114
Table 2-21 Low Iron Glass by Sector, CSP, Solar Panel, Architectural, and Automotive, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021 115
Table 2-22 Low Iron Glass Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 116
Figure 2-23 Low Iron Solar Glass Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors and Receivers Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 118
Table 2-24 Low Iron Solar Glass Markets Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 119
Table 2-25 Low Iron Glass and Receiver Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Market Segment Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020121
Table 2-26 Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installed Capacity Market Forecasts Worldwide, 2014-2020 123
Figure 2-27 Low Iron Glass Market Decorative and Architectural Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 126
Figure 2-28 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 127
Figure 2-29 Rio Solar Glass Production Process 134
Table 2-30 Technology of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Low Iron Glass™ Products 135
Figure 2-31 US Silica Low Iron Sand Mines 137
Table 2-32 Low Iron Solar Glass Market Shares,Tonnes, Worldwide, 2010 139
Table 2-33 Low Iron Solar Glass Installed Capacity, Tonnes, Worldwide, 2010 140
Figure 2-34 Float Lines in The World by Region- 407 142
Figure 2-35 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd NSG Current and Planned Capacity 144
Table 2-36 PV Solar Glass Production Facilities 146
Figure 2-37 Glass Lines Needed to Support PV Development to 2020 147
Figure 2-38 Glass Production Growth per Segment Until 2015 148
Figure 2-39 Glass Production Cost Structure, 2010 149
Figure 2-40 Cost Structure for 50 MW Plant 150
Table 2-41 Low Iron Glass Company Summary by Country 152
Figure 2-42 Global Flat Glass Producers 156
Figure 2-43 European Float Sheet Capacity by Company 157
Figure 2-44 Low Iron Glass Number of Tanks and Capacity 158
Figure 2-45 Flat Glass Revenue Growth and Averages 159
Figure 2-46 Major Soda Ash Producers by Capacity 160
Table 2-47 Low Iron Silica Cost Reduction Through Localization 164
Figure 2-48 China Allows Media to Report on Air Pollution Crisis 166
Figure 2-49 Components of Solar Trough CSP Plant 170
Table 2-50 Construction Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 171
Table 2-51 Economic Impact of 50 MW CSP Plant – HIGH (Maximum Local Purchasing) 172
Table 2-52 Economic Impact of 50 MW CSP Plant – LOW (Minimal Local Purchasing) 173
Table 2-53 Annual Operating Costs of 50 MW CSP Plant 174
Table 2-54 Economic Impact of Operating 50 MW CSP Plant 175
Table 2-55 Fiscal Impact of a 50 MW CSP Plant in New Mexico over 30 Years 176
Figure 2-56 Total Value of CSP Plant 178
Table 2-57 Construction Costs of 100 MW CSP Plant 179
Table 2-58 Parabolic-Reflector Power Station Glass Requirements 181
Table 2-59 PV Float Glass Plant Design Constraints 182
Table 2-60 CSP Low Iron Glass Specific Requirements 183
Figure 2-61 Nano Silver Coating 185
Figure 2-62 RioGlass Nano Silver Coating Reflectivity 186
Figure 2-63 Solar Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 187
Table 2-64 R&D Directions To Optimize Production of PV Thin Film Solar Glass 187
Table 2-65 R&D Directions To Optimize Control of PV Thin Film Solar Glass Coatings 188
Table 2-66 Guardian CSP Mirror R&D Successes 189
Table 2-67 R&D Directions To Optimize Glass Properties of PV Thin Film Solar Glass 190
Table 2-68 Create More Resilient Glass Able To Be Stable for 25 Years 190
Table 2-69 Low Iron Glass Market Driving Factors 191
Table 2-70 Low Iron Glass Market Issues 192
Table 2-71 Parabolic-Reflector Power Station Glass Requirements 194
Table 2-72 PV Float Glass Plant Design Constraints 195
Table 2-73 CSP Low Iron Glass Specific Requirements 196
Table 2-74 CSP Low Iron Glass Market Characteristics Factors 197
Table 2-75 Create More Resilient Glass Able To Be Stable for 25 Years 198
Table 2-76 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Name 201
Table 2-77 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Parabolic Trough Systems 205
Table 2-78 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Linear Fresnel Reflector Systems 209
Table 2-79 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects 210
Table 2-80 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects That Use Dish/Engine Systems 212
Table 2-81 Concentrating Solar Power Projects by Project Country 213
Figure 2-83 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects In The United States 214
Table 2- 84 Concentrating solar power (CSP) projects in Chile 216
Table 2- 85 Concentrating solar power (CSP) projects in Mexico 216
Table 2- 86 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Algeria 217
Table 2- 87 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in France 220
Table 2- 88 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Egypt 220
Table 2- 89 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in South Africa 221
Table 2- 90 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in United Arab Emirates 221
Table 2- 91 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in India 222
Table 2- 92 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in China 223
Table 2- 95 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Projects in Australia. 224
Table 2- 96 List of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Installations 225
Table 2-97 Number of HelioStats in Each CSP 231
Table 2-98 Details of Parabolic Trough Projects, General Contractor, Supplier, Glass, Turbine 236
Table 2-99 CSP Installations and Suppliers 241
Figure 2-100 RIO Tempered Glass ROI Analysis 249
Figure 2-101 RioGlass Tempered Glass ROI 250
Figure 2-102 RioGlass 50 MW Plant Tempered Glass ROI 251
Table 2-103 ACWA Holding / Sun & Life / Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 252
Figure 2-104 Reflectech Pricing 260
Figure 2-105 Shenzhen Sun Global Glass Co., Ltd. Manufacturing 264
Figure 2-106 Low Iron Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2014 265
Figure 2-107 Low Iron Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2021 266
Figure 2-108 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 267
Table 2-109 Low Iron CSP Solar Glass Regional Market Segments, 2013 268
Table 2-110 Low Iron Glass Middle East Market Segment, 2021 268
Table 3-1 Low Iron Solar Glass Application Areas for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) 272
Table 3-2 Schott PTR®70 Receiver Features 273
Figure 3-3 Schott Solar Receivers 275
Figure 3-4 Schott Solar Receiver Manufacturing Excellence Award 276
Figure 3-5 CSP Solar Receiver Group Wide Best [email protected] Award 277
Figure 3-6 Schott Receivers As Specialized Part of The Solar Field 278
Figure 3-7 Schott Solar CSP: Receivers 279
Figure 3-8 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform 280
Table 3-9 Schott PTR® 70 Receiver Platform Modules 281
Table 3-10 Schott PTR® 70 Advanced Receiver Features 282
Table 3-11 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design Components Specification 285
Table 3-12 Schott Solar Receiver Compact Bellow Design Components Solar, Thermal, and Vacuum Specification 286
Table 3-13 Schott Solar Receiver Design Components 287
Figure 3-14 Guardian PV Laminated Mirrors 288
Figure 3-15 Guardian PV CSP Laminated Mirrors 289
Figure 3-16 Guardian CSP Laminated Broken Mirror Still Works 291
Figure 3-17 Guardian Wind Tunnel Testing of Laminated CSP Mirrors 292
Figure 3-18 Guardian Wind Tunnel Breaking of Laminated CSP Mirrors 293
Figure 3-19 Guardian Durable Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 295
Figure 3-20 Emmaqua Test by Atlas at Phoenix, Arizona 296
Table 3-21 Guardian Sun-Tracking Mirrors 297
Table 3-22 Guardian Copper Accelerated Acetic Acid Salt Spray (CASS) Test 298
Mirrors passed 3500 hours of CASS test without any corrosion
Backing glass of this design is hermetic
No possibility for developing corrosion spots through the backing glass
Edges of the silver and copper metal layers are deleted in the design
Enabling of the PVB to adhere directly to the glass at edges
Form a good seal without introducing additional sealer of different type materials.
Table 3-23 Guardian Salt Spray (SS) Test 299
Table 3-24 Guardian Humidity test 299
Mirrors passed 3500 hours of constant humidity test
Without any corrosion
Without delamination
Table 3-25 Guardian Climate Cycling Test 300
Table 3-26 Guardian UV Test 300
Table 3-27 Guardian Damp Heat Test 300
Table 3-28 Guardian Wind Tunnel Test 301
Table 3-29 Guardian Outdoor Exposure Test3 302
Figure 3-30 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Glass 304
Table 3-31 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar Modules 307
Figure 3-32 Guardian EcoGuard® Solar Modules 308
Figure 3-33 Guardian Parabolic Mirrors 309
Figure 3-34 Guardian Solar Glass Positioning 310
Figure 3-35 Guardian UltraWhite Low-Iron Decorative Glass Compared to Standard Glass 311
Table 3-36 Guardian UltraWhite Low Iron Glass in Laminated Applications 314
Figure 3-37 Guardian Low Iron Glass Performance Data 315
Table 3-38 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors Features 318
Figure 3-39 Flabeg Mirrors for Parabolic Troughs 319
Figure 3-40 Flabeg Mirrors for Parabolic Troughs Description 320
Figure 3-41 Flabeg Mirrors for Solar Dishes 321
Figure 3-42 Flabeg Mirrors for Towers and Linear Fresnel 322
Figure 3-43 Flabeg Mirrors for Towers and Linear Fresnel Description 323
Figure 3-44 Flabeg Mirrors for Concentrated Solar Photovoltaic 324
Table 3-45 Flabeg Leading Glass Technology Aspects 325
Table 3-46 Flabeg Solar Concentrating Mirror Benefits 326
Table 3-47 Flabeg ROI for Annealed Solar Mirrors 327
Figure 3-48 Flabeg Annealed Solar Mirrors 328
Figure 3-49 Flabeg Annealed Solar Mirrors vs. Tempered Advantages 329
Figure 3-50 Flabeg Parabolic Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 331
Figure 3-51 Flabeg Parabolic Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Mirrors 332
Table 3-52 Flabeg Testing and Durability of Mirror Coating System 333
Table 3-53 Flabeg Available Mirror Types 334
Figure 3-54 Flabeg Available Mirror Types 335
Table 3-55 Flabeg CSP Coatings 336
Table 3-56 Flabeg CSP Packaging 337
Figure 3-57 Flabeg Flat Mirrors for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) 338
Table 3-58 Flabeg CSP Quality testing 339
Table 3-59 Flabeg CSP Quality Testing Metrics 341
Figure 3-60 Emirates Float Glass Dura GLARE 344
Figure 3-61 Emirates Float Glass Dura GLARE Performance 345
Figure 3-62 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations I and II 347
Figure 3-63 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations 1 348
Figure 3-64 Rio Glass Solar CSP Installations 2 349
Table 3-65 Rio Glass Production Process 350
Table 3-66 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coatings 351
Figure 3-67 Rio Glass Nano Silver Coating Capabilities 352
Figure 3-68 Rio Glass CSP Operational Advantages 353
Figure 3-69 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection 354
Figure 3-70 Rio Solar Glass Edge Preparation Description 355
Figure 3-71 Rio Solar Glass Edge Specifications 356
Figure 3-72 Rio Glass Robot Edging for Solar Protection 357
Figure 3-73 Rio Solar Glass Edge Protection Durability Analysis 358
Figure 3-74 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis 359
Figure 3-75 Rio Solar Glass Deflectrometry Analysis Summary 360
Figure 3-76 Rio Glass Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements 361
Figure 3-77 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Preparation 362
Figure 3-78 Rio Glass CSP Testing Design 363
Figure 3-79 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Measurements 364
Figure 3-80 Rio Glass CSP Shot Testing Results 365
Figure 3-81 Rio Glass CSP Ball Drop Testing Measurements 366
Figure 3-82 Rio Glass CSP Multi Impact Cannon Testing Measurements 367
Figure 3-83 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Measurements 368
Figure 3-84 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Measurements 369
Figure 3-85 Rio Glass CSP Scaled Wind Tunnel Testing Fragments Speed Claculation 370
Figure 3-86 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements 371
Figure 3-87 Rio Glass CSP Variable Temperature Testing Measurements 372
Figure 3-88 Rio Glass CSP Flexion Load Test With Vaariable Temperature Measurements 373
Figure 3-89 Rio Glass CSP Testing Measurements Conclusions 374
Figure 3-90 Rio Glass CSP Testing Certificate 375
Figure 3-91 RIO Glass US Manufacturing in Arizona 376
Figure 3-92 Guangfeng Solar Mirror Low Iron Glass 378
Figure 3-93 Guangfeng Solar Flat Low Iron Glass 379
Figure 3-94 Guangfeng Solar Flat Mirror Low Iron Glass 380
Figure 3-95 Guangfeng Solar Low Iron Glass Uses 381
Figure 3-96 Guangfeng Solar Light Transmittance of Low Iron Glass 382
Figure 3-97 Guangfeng Solar Light Transmittance Main Characteristics of Low Iron Glass 383
Figure 3-98 Guangfeng Solar Energy Transmittance of Low Iron Patterned Glass 385
Figure 3-99 Guangfeng Solar Specifications and Properties of 6Low Iron Glass 386
Table 3-100 Guangfeng Solarglass Characteristics 387
Figure 3-101 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Patterned Glass, Low Iron Float Glass, and Solar Mirrors 388
Figure 3-102 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Solar Energy 389
Figure 3-103 Nippon Sheet Solar Energy Glass 390
Table 3-104 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Low Iron Patterned Glass for C-Si Cell 392
Figure 3-105 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Concentrated Solar Power 394
Figure 3-106 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington Sunplus™ and Pilkington Optiwhite™ for Solar Thermal Collectors 396
Table 3-107 Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC™ Range Product Features 398
Table 3-108 Properties of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Glass™ Products 399
Table 3-106 Technology of Nippon Sheet Glass Pilkington NSG TEC Low Iron Glass™ Products 400
Figure 3-109 Masdar, Total S.A. and Abengoa Solar Abu Dhabi Solar Power Plant 401
Figure 3-110 Borosil Glass Works 403
Table 3-111 Dongguan CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Parameter s 406
Table 3-112 Dongguan Primary CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 407
Table 3-113 Dongguan Tempered CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 408
Table 3-114 Dongguan Anti-reflective Coating CSG Low Iron Solar Glass Characteristics 410
Figure 3-115 f | Solar Manufacturing of High-Quality Glass 414
Figure 3-116 f | solar Glass Plant 415
Figure 3-117 f | solar Glass Making 416
Figure 3-118 Asahi Reflective (Mirror) Substrates for Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Systems 421
Figure 3-119 Asahi CSP mirror 423
Figure 3-120 AJJ Glass Ultra-Clear Solar Glass 424
Table 3-121 AJJ Glass Ultra Clear Float Solar Glass Specification: 425
Table 3-122 AJJ Glass Ultra Clear Float Solar Glass Features: 425
Figure 3-123 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass 428
Table 3-124 Phoenica UltraClear – Low Iron Glass Product Benefits 430
Table 3-125 Phoenica Laminated UltraClear™ Low Iron Glass Functions 431
Table 4-1 Characteristics of Low-Iron Glass: 443
Figure 4-2 Clear Low Iron Glass vs. Green in Regular Glass 444
Figure 4-3 Visualization of Clear Low Iron Glass vs. Green in Regular Glass 445
Table 4-4 Decorative Low Iron Glass Available Edge Work: 446
Figure 4-5 Low Iron Glass Stock Table Tops, Stock Mirrors, and Custom Mirrors,Table Tops, Shelves, and Replacement Doors. 450
Table 4-6 CSP Low Iron Glass Functional Characteristics 452
Table 4-7 CSP Low Iron Glass Application of Coatings 453
Figure 4-8 Rio Wind Tunnel Testing 454
Figure 4-9 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel Testing Set Up 455
Figure 4-10 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel Testing Air Flow 456
Figure 4-11 RioGlass Full Scale Wind Tunnel 457
Figure 4-12 CSP Glass Production Processes 458
Table 4-13 Parabolic Mirrors Solar Generation Elements 459
Figure 4-14 Schott PTR 70 Receiver Heat Transfer Fluid 461
Table 4-15 Key Parameters for The Yield of A CSP Plant 463
Table 4-16 Low Iron Solar Glass Coatings 464
Table 4-17 Low Iron Solar Glass Coating Functions 465
Table 4-18 Nanotechnology Techniques Are Emerging That Permit Even Better Laying 466
Figure 5-1 Flabeg Worldwide Presence: Solar Glass 471
Figure 5-2 Flabeg QDec Measurement 472
Figure 5-3 Flabeg Solar Mirrors 473
Figure 5-4 Flabeg CSP Solar Mirrors 474
Figure 5-5 Flabeg Development Partners 476
Figure 5-6 Flabeg Ultimate Trough Design 478
Table 5-7 FLABEG Holding GmbH Profile 480
Figure 5-8 Flabeg Worldwide Presence: Solar Glass 482
Figure 5-9 Alanod-Solar in Germany 486
Figure 5-10 Asahi Glass Solar FIeld 491
Table 5-11 China Glass Holdings CSGA's Notable Projects 496
Figure 5-12 Dulles Glass and Mirror Staff 504
Figure 5-13 Dulles Glass and Mirror Manufacturing 505
Figure 5-14  Dulles Glass and Mirror Materials Selectiion 506
Figure 5-15 Guangfeng Solarglass (Hong Kong) Low Iron Patterned Glass, Low Iron Float Glass, and Solar Mirrors 508
Figure 5-16 Nippon / Pilkington Brand Elegance 523
Figure 5-17 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Features 525
Source: WinterGreen Research, Inc. 525
Figure 5-18  Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Benefits 526
Source:  WinterGreen Research, Inc. 526
Figure 5-19 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass 527
Figure 5-20 Pilkington Low-Iron Clear Float Glass Architecture 528
Figure 5-21 Nippon Sheet Glass Revenue and Logistics Business 531
Figure 5-22 Nippon Sheet Glass Business Segments 532
Figrue 5-23 Nippon Sheet Glass Pinkington World Presence 537
Figure 5-24 Nippon Sheet Glass Pinkington Northern Ballet Leeds UK 538
Figure 5-25 Nippon Sheet Glass Glazing In Car Show Room Ukraine 539
Figure 5-26 One Post Office Square Boston MA US 540
Figure 5-27 Centro Cultural Gabrieta Midtrial - Chile 541
Figure 5-28 Nippon Sheet Glass Solar Production Facilities Operational Plants 542
Figure 5-29 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.NSG Group Current and Planned Capacity 543
Figure 5-30 Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd. NSG Sales from Solar Sector 544
Table 5-31 Nippon Sheet Glass NSG Group Future Growth Options 545
Table 5-32 Nippon Sheet Glass Greenfield TCO float 546
Figure 5-33 ReflecTech® Mirror Film 550
Figure 5-34 ReflecTech® Mirror Film Characteristics 551
Figure 5-35 RIO Solar Glass Group 554
Figure 5-36 RioGlass Profile 555
Figure 5-37 RioGlass Product Lines 556
Figure 5-38 RIO Solar Glass Location Map 557
Figure 5-39 RIO Solar Glass Group Solar 1 and Solar 2 Locations 558
Figure 5-40 RIO Solar Glass Nano Silver Coating 559
Figure 5-41 RIO Solar Glass Group Customers 560
Figure 5-42 RIO Solar Glass Installation 561
Figure 5-43 RIO Solar Glass Seville Installation 562
Figure 5-44 RIO Solar Glass Nextra Martin Site 563
Figure 5-45 RIO Solar Glass Nextra Martin Site Overview 564
Figure 5-46 RIO Solar Glass Projects 565
Figure 5-47 RIO Solar Glass Buildings Project 566
Figure 5-48 RIO Solar Glass Overview 567
Figure 5-49 SolarWood Technologies 569
Figure 5-50 Sener Solar Tower Project 572
Table 5-51 Schott Solar CSP 574
Figure 5-52 Schott Global Presence 575
Figure 5-53 Solar Irradiation World Map 576
Table 5-54 SCHOTT POLY® PV Modules Key Advantages: 580
Figure 5-55 Schott ProductsGlass-to-Metal-Seals and Ceramic-to-Metal-Seals 582
Figure 5-56 Schott Automotive Glass 583
Figure 5-57 Schott Defense Seals 583
Figure 5-58  Schott Industry Special Products 584
Table 5-61 Schott Electronic Packaging Product Benefits: 587
Figure 5-62 Schott A Flexible Glass Fiber Light Guides Transmit The Light 588
Figure 5-63 Schott Ultra thin Glass Flexible Substrates 590
Table 5-64 SCHOTT Solar Products Photovoltaic Modules Advantages 594
Figure 5-65 SiSecam Group Sales Profile 604
Figure 5-66 SiSecam Group Results by Businesses 605
Figure 5-67 SiSecam Group Revenue 606
Figure 5-68 SiSecam Group Revenue and International Sales 608
Figure 5-69 SiSecam Group Employees and Glass Production 609
Table 5-70 Targray Materials Intelligence Segments 616
Figure 5-71 Trakya Cam Float glass Manufacturing Process 622
Figure 5-72 US Silica Low Iron Sand Mines 626
Table 5-73 US Silica Locations 627 



                                

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