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LED Lighting: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2020

Jan 8, 2015 | 973 Pages | WinterGreen Research | Semiconductors

LED lighting market is projected to grow over 45% per year by 2020. The market was estimated at $13 billion in 2014 and is likely to cross over $63 billion by 2020. Next generation lighting attains a complete substitute of luminous filament bulbs with LED lighting that lasts longer and is more efficient. These lightings also have low cost of operation significantly. Philips is the market leader for LED lights and it mainly focuses on higher margin activities. General competitive stress has severely impacted the overall industry; as a result the price declining is majorly because of economic scale.

Samsung, Philips and OSRAm have been exploring GaN on silicon technology, Although, Epistar is working on 200mm technology. New market players are benefited by entry points provided by continuous market shifts. They also build considerable opportunities for industry participants to achieve rapid augmentation in market share. Market is anticipated to experience shifts in market share as retailers move up the value chain to provide returns on investments.

Vendors seek control in their margins as there they are offering more pieces of LED light in the market. Based on product performance, Vendors compete with other providers of LED lighting. This is mainly measured by reliability, efficacy, augmented lumen output and light quality. Price of product associated with   acceptable level of quality is the major competitive issue in the LED lighting market. LED vendors seek to present LED lighting products that holds superior product quality and that attains lower cost of ownership.

In commercial situations, LED lights decreases the labor costs of replacing bulbs. Furthermore, Firms dealing with LED bulbs are implementing new semiconductor technology which will positively impact the overall market. Communities and buildings lead the way of producing   more cost efficient systems; this is expected to grow the LED lighting market significantly. 

In some cases, the utility plants are providing financing and funding to the other firms so that most of the lighting consumers shift to LED lighting.  Also, these lamps lower the total cost of lighting which attracts both vendors and consumers. They present up to 50,000 hours of lighting with fraction of energy used of conventional incandescent bulbs. Smaller size, improved durability, lower heat output, environment friendliness and digital controllability are the few benefits offered by LED lighting products.

Market Leaders

- Cree
- Epistar
- Everlight Electronics
- GE Lighting Solutions
- GYLED
- Lighting Science Group
- Lite-On Technology / Ledtek
- Mitsubishi / Verbatim
- Osram / Sylvania
- Philips
- Samsung
- Solid State Lighting Systems
- Toshiba

Market Participants

- Acuity Brands Lighting
- Adata
- Advanced Lighting Technologies
- Advantech Lighting Solutions /
- Aixtron
- Albemarle
- Association
- ATG Electronics
- AU Optronics / Lextar Electronics
- AU Optronics / Lextar Electronics
- Avances Lumínicos Plus S.A. de
- Black Dog LED
- Bridgelux
- C.V
- CE Lighting
- Cree
- Crep Optoelectronics
- CV High Power LED Streetlights in
- Daystar
- Delta Group
- DMX Tecnologias SA DE
- Drivers With A New Case &
- Echelon
- Emcore
- ENDO
- Epistar
- Everlight
- GE Lighting Solutions
- General Electric Lighting
- General Hydroponics
- Genesis Photonics (GPI)
- GYLED
- Harvatek
- Hihong introduces 40w LED
- Hon Hai
- Hong Sheng
- IEE
- Intematix
- Iwasaki Electric
- iWatt
- Jingge LED
- Kingbright
- Kingsun
- Koizumi
- Larson
- Latin America
- LED Microsensor NT
- Lighting Science Group
- Lightkiwi, LLC.
- Lightwave
- Lite-On Group / Leotek
- Litecontrol
- Lowcled
- Mitsubishi / Verbatim
- NaturaLED
- Newport Corporation / ILX
- Nichia
- Nihon Advanced Agri Corporation
- Ohyama / Ohyama Lights
- Optional 0-10v Dimming
- Optoelectronic Co., Ltd
- Osram
- Ozu Corporation
- Panasonic
- Phihong
- Philips Lumileds
- Plessey Semiconductors
- Pluz S.A. de C.V. / NuVue
- Prolighting TCP
- QD Vision
- Rambridge
- Ringdale ActiveLED®
- Samsung
- Sengled
- Sharp
- Shenzen Hoyol
- Shenzhen Hongsheng
- Shenzhen LEDTEK Optoelectronics
- Shenzhen Wisdom
- Siemens
- SolarMax
- Solid State Lighting Systems
- Sony
- Soraa
- Sunleaves Garden Products
- Sunlight Supply
- SunSun Lighting
- Taiwan Floriculture Exports
- Tatung
- TCP
- Technology Co., Ltd.
- Thorlabs
- TOA Lighting
- Toshiba LED Lighting
- Toyoda Gosei
- USALight
- Zumtobel
- Zytech
 Table of Contents

LED Lighting Executive Summary
LED Lighting Market Driving Forces 43
Interior and Exterior LED Lights and Controllers 43
Interior A LED Lamps 44
Interior LED PAR Lamps 45
Light-Emitting Diodes Transform The Business Of Illumination 47
LEDs Are Economical 47
LED Lamps Durability 49
LED Controlers Market Driving Forces 52
LED Market Shares 54
LED Lighting Market Forecasts 56

1. LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) LIGHTING MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION 58
1.1 LED Market Dynamics 58
1.2 LEDs Replace Traditional Incandescent Light Bulb 59
1.3 Next Generation, High-Efficiency, Cost-Saving LED Lighting 60
1.3.1 LED Products 61
1.4 LED Quality Standards 65
1.3.1 LED Backlight TV/Monitor 67
1.3.2 Outdoor Lighting Modules 69
1.5 Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED 74
1.5.1 LED Substrates 81
1.6 Global Economy 84
1.6.1 The IT Market 85
1.6.2 New World Order Built On The Globally Integrated Enterprise 86
1.6.3 Lighting Industry Market Share Commentary on LED Technology Shifts 88
1.7 LED Market Assessment re: Roadblocks 89

2. LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) LIGHTING MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 90
2.1 LED Lighting Market Driving Forces 90
2.1.1 Interior and Exterior LED Lights and Controllers 91
2.1.2 Interior A LED Lamps 92
2.1.3 Interior LED PAR Lamps 92
2.1.4 Light-Emitting Diodes Transform The Business Of Illumination 94
2.1.5 LEDs Are Economical 94
2.1.6 LED Lamps Durability 96
2.1.7 LED Controlers Market Driving Forces 99
2.2 LED Market Shares 101
2.2.1 Philips to Sell Lighting Business 107
2.2.2 Philips Lumileds 108
2.2.3 Philips Targets Lighting for Underdeveloped Regions 109
2.2.4 Philips Luxeon Rebel Power LEDs 110
2.2.5 Philips Automotive LEDs 110
2.2.6 Osram 110
2.2.7 Osram Sylvania 110
2.2.8 Leotek Electronics IL6 Series LED Traffic Signal Modules in 30% of US Intersections 111
2.2.9 China's Leading LED Light Manufacturer GYLED 111
2.2.10 Toshiba LED Lighting 111
2.2.11 Epistar 112
2.2.12 Cree 113
2.2.13 Cree Manufacturing 114
2.2.14 Cree A Leading Innovator Of Lighting-Class Light Emitting Diode (LED) 114
2.2.15 Cree Addresses Emerging Markets 115
2.2.16 Cree Financials 115
2.2.17 GE Lighting Solutions 116
2.2.18 GE ROI for LEDs 116
2.2.19 GE Installs Municipal Lighting 117
2.2.20 Acuity Brands Enhances Popular Lithonia Lighting TWH and TW Luminaires with LED Technology 117
2.2.21 QD Vision 120
2.2.22 Lighting Science Group 120
2.2.23 Lighting Science Group Revenue 121
2.2.24 Bridgelux LED Arrays 121
2.2.25 Albemarle 122
2.2.26 Plessey 123
2.2.27 General Electric 124
2.2.28 Phihong 125
2.2.29 AU Optronics / Lextar Electronics 125
2.2.30 Lextar Acquisitions 125
2.2.29 Lite-On Group / Leotek 126
2.2.30 Lowcled 126
2.2.31 Mitsubishi / Verbatim LED Developments 127
2.2.32 Nichia 127
2.2.33 Ohyama Lights 128
2.2.34 LED Lighting Company Trends 128
2.3 LED Lighting Market Forecasts 129
2.3.1 LED Light Shipments Market Forecasts, Units 131
2.3.2 LED Light Shipments Segments Market Forecasts 133
2.3.4 Outdoor Municipal Street Lights and Door LED Lights 137
2.3.5 Commerical LED Light Shipments Market Forecasts 141
2.3.6 LED PAR Residential Light Shipments Market Forecasts 144
2.3.7 LED Residential A and Other Lights Market Forecasts, 149
2.3.8 LED Automotive Light Shipments Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 152
2.3.9 LED Traffic Lights Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 158
2.4 LED Bulb Prices 161
2.5 Lighting Value: Installed Base and Addressable Market 165
2.6 LED Lighting Market Channel Segment Forecasts 166
2.8 LED Light Addressable Market, Market Penetration Forecasts 169
2.8.1 General Lighting and LED Lighting Installed Base and Market Penetration 171
2.9 Comparison of LED vs. Incandescent Overall Costs 174
2.9.1 Relative ROI Incandescent Lights Compared to LED Lights 177
2.9.2 Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps Increasing 182
2.9.3 LED High Power Streetlights Save 79% and 77% of Energy, Compared With A 250w Sodium And Halogen Lights 183
2.9.4 LED Lighting Business Models Shift 183
2.10 LED Market Description 186
2.10.1 LED Markets, Lighting, LCD and TV Displays, Automotive, Cell Phones, Notebooks, Tablets and Displays 186
2.10.2 LED Market Growth 188
2.10.3 LED LCD TVs 188
2.10.4 LED Die Surface 189
2.10.5 LED Reflector Lamps 190
2.11 LED Energy Reduction 191
2.11.1 LEDs in LCD Backlighting 191
2.11.2 LED Driver ICs 194
2.11.3 Texas Instrument LED Driver ICs and LED Lighting ICs 197
2.12 LED Lighting ICs 197
2.12.1 LED Signage ICs 198
2.12.2 Backlight ICs 198
2.12.3 Camera Flash ICs 198
2.12.4 Indicator/RGBW ICs 199
2.12.5 Automotive Lighting ICs 199
2.13 Paradigm Shift of the Lighting Industry 200
2.13.13 Lowering Prices of LED Lighting is Key 200
2.13.2 LED Global Market Penetration of 50% Expected by 2015 201
2.14 LED Prices 201
2.14.1 LED Light Bulbs E26 / E27 7W EcoRize 203
2.14.2 Top Ten USA LED Lamps Ratings and Prices 204
2.15 LED Regional Market Analysis 213
2.15.1 LED Global Lighting Trends 215
2.15.2 US LED Lighting 215
2.15.3 China Leverages Supply of Rare-Earth Elements 216
2.15.4 China 217
2.15.5 China Controls Vast Majority Of The Rare-Earth Materials 217
2.15.6 Japan: Ohyama Lights 219
2.15.7 Japan World Leading Country in LED Lighting 219
2.15.8 Japan 220
2.15.9 Cree Revenue by Regional Segment 221
2.15.10 Latin America Governments 223
2.15.11 Philips Targets Lighting for Underdeveloped Regions 224
2.15.12 DMX Tecnologias SA DE CV High Power LED Streetlights in Latin America 225

3. LED LIGHTING PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 226
3.1 GE LED Lighting Solutions 227
3.1.1 General Electric LED Lighting 227
3.1.2 GE RDL Range 228
3.1.3 GE IMMERSION® LED Refrigerated Display Lighting 228
3.1.4 GE Tetra Range 229
3.1.5 GE LED Cove Lighting 230
3.1.6 GE's LED Cove Long Run Fixture System 230
3.1.7 GE Infusion™ M4500 Series 232
3.1.8 GE Infusion™ DLM Series 236
3.1.9 GE Start GLS Bulb 239
3.1.10 GE Infusion™ NPM Series 240
3.1.11 GE Outdoor Stretch of Road Luminaires 240
3.1.12 GE Okapi Flexible LED Outdoor Lighting Solution 243
3.25.13 GE ERS LED 244
3.1.14 GE LED Area Lighter 246
3.1.15 GE Iberia LED 248
3.1.16 GE Duna LED for Residential Areas, Parks And Gardens, Commercial Centres, Pedestrian Walkways And Squares 250
3.1.17 GE ROI for LEDs 252
3.1.18 GE Tetra AL10 253
3.1.19 GE Tetra® miniMAX 254
3.1.20 GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series 256
3.2 Osram 257
3.2.1 Osram Natural Lighting Effects 258
3.2.2 Osram City Lighting 259
3.2.3 Osram Urban safety 261
3.2.4 Osram White Light In The City 262
3.2.5 Osram Potential Savings from LED in Street Lighting 264
3.2.6 Osram White Light Provides Increased Safety 264
3.2.7 Osram Advantages of White LED 264
3.2.8 Osram OLED Orbeos 265
3.2.9 Osram LEAF-Pendant LED 267
3.2.10 Osram Noxlite LED Spot 269
3.2.11 Osram Pursos 271
3.2.12 Osram Optotronic Constant Current LED Power Supplies with LEDset 273
3.2.12 Osram Sylvania 274
3.2.13 Osram Sylvania Integrated LED Lamps 275
3.2.13 Osram Sylvania LED Modules & Arrays 276
3.2.14 Osram Sylvania Optotronics® 277
3.3 Samsung LED Components 278
3.3.1 Samsung LED High Power 279
3.3.2 Samsung LED Middle Power 279
3.3.3 Samsung Outperforms the LED Competition 280
3.2.4 Samsung LED Candle 281
3.3.3 Samsung LED Reflector 283
3.3.4 Samsung LED Light Bulb 284
3.4 Philips Lumileds 285
3.4.1 Philips LUXEON High Power LED Lighting 285
3.4.2 Philips Luxeon Rebel Power LEDs 286
3.4.3 Philips LUXEON c 287
3.4.4 Philips LUXEON Flash LED 287
3.4.5 Philips LUXEON Altilon 287
3.4.6 Philips Mid-Power LEDs 287
3.4.7 Philips Automotive LEDs 288
3.4.8 Philips Quality White Lighting with LEDs 288
3.4.9 Philips Lumileds High Color Rendering Index (CRI) 289
3.4.10 Philips Lumileds Phosphor Deposition Techniques 290
3.4.11 Philips Limileds LUXEON A 290
3.4.12 Philips Limileds SignalSure 291
3.4.13 Philips Limileds SnapLED 292
3.4.14 Philips Lumileds Quality White Lighting with LEDs 293
3.5 Mitsubshi / Verbatim 295
3.5.1 Verbatim 297
3.6 Toshiba 298
3.6.1 Toshiba Lighting Technology 300
3.6.2 Toshiba Lighting the Way 300
3.6.3 Toshiba LED Lighting 311
3.6.4 Toshiba 220-240V 311
3.6.5 Toshiba G25 312
3.6.6 Toshiba DMT6 LED Downlight 315
3.6.7 Toshiba TLS-DCA6 & TLS-DCA8 LED Downlights 316
3.6.8 Toshiba TLS-WP LED Wallpack Lighting 317
3.6.9 Toshiba TLS-ATLS and TLS-ATLM LED Area Lighting 318
3.7 Adata 319
3.7.1 Adata LED Modules 319
3.7.2 Adata Omnidirectional LED Bulb 321
3.7.3 Adata LED Tulip Lamp 323
3.7.4 Adata Tunnel Light 325
3.7.5 Adata Projection Light 326
3.7.6 Adata Warning Light 327
3.7.7 Adata High Bay Light 329
3.7.8 Adata Gas Station Light 331
3.8 Bridgelux 332
3.8.1 Bridgelux OLM Series 334
3.8.2 Bridgelux Vero Series 339
3.8.3 Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series 342
3.8.4 Bridgelux V Series 344
3.8.5 LED Retrofit Bulbs 344
3.8.6 Bridgelux BXRA3 Series 345
3.8.7 Bridgelux LED Chips 348
3.8.8 Bridgelux LS Arrays 349
3.8.9 Bridgelux ES Arrays 351
3.8.10 Bridgelux RS Arrays 353
3.9 Cree 355
3.9.1 Cree Standard A-Type Replacement Bulb 355
3.9.2 Cree Reflector (Flood/Spot) 356
3.9.3 Cree CR80-650L Deep Recess LED Downlight 357
3.9.4 Cree CR4 358
3.9.5 Cree 304 Series Interior 359
3.10 Delta Group 360
3.10.1 Delta Light Engines & Modules 360
3.10.2 Delta LED Lamp and Tube EMS 361
3.10.3 Delta Highbay 362
3.10.4 Delta Canopy 363
3.10.5 Delta Parking Garage 364
3.10.6 Delta Parkway Lighting 365
3.10.7 Delta High Lumen Street Lighting 366
3.11 Everlight 367
3.11.1 Everlight 2835 Package (0.2W) 367
3.11.2 Everlight 5630D Package (0.5W) 368
3.11.3 Everlight Shwo (1W, 3W) 369
3.12 Leotek 370
3.12.1 Leotek Municipal Transportation LED Lighting Products 370
3.12.2 Leotek CIL and CD Series LED Pedestrian Countdown Signal Modules - 16" 370
3.12.3 Leotek CL Series LED Traffic Cabinet Light 371
3.12.4 Leotek LED Railroad Grade Crossing Signal 372
3.12.5 Leotek LED Street and Area Lighting Products 372
3.12.6 Leotek LED Building Mounted Lighting Products 374
3.13 Ledtek 376
3.13.1 Ledtek T8 LED Tube 377
3.14 GYLED 383
3.15 Sengled 390
3.15.1 Sengled LED Street Light 390
3.15.2 Sengled LED Indoor Lighting 390
3.16 ENDO 392
3.16.1 ENDO Adjustable Downlight 393
3.16.2 ENDO Wall Washer Downlight 393
3.16.3 ENDO Dampproof Down Light 393
3.16.4 ENDO Spot Light 394
3.16.5 ENDO Vivid 394
3.16.6 ENDO Moving Gyro System 395
3.16.7 ENDO Indirect Light 395
3.16.8 ENDO Surface Mounted Light 396
3.16.9 ENDO High Power Light 396
3.16.10 ENDO Outdoor Bracket 397
3.17 Plessey 397
3.17.1 Plessey's High Brightness LEDs 398
3.18 Kingsun LED Street Lights: Outdoor LED Lighting and Indoor LED Lighting in China 402
3.18.1 Kingsun-LED Street Light 404
3.18.2 Kingsun LED Street Light-Apollo 406
3.18.3 Kingsun-Solar LED Street Light 406
3.18.4 Kingsun-LED Flood Light 407
3.18.5 Kingsun-LED Parking Light 407
3.18.6 Kingsun-LED Canopy Light 408
3.18.7 Kingsun-LED Tunnel Light 409
3.18.8 Kingsun-LED Courtyard Light 410
3.19 Ohyama Lights 411
3.19.1 Ohyama EDGE-LIT LED PANELS 411
3.19.2 Ohyama LED 4FT Surface Mount with Motion Sensor 412
3.19.3 Ohyama 12" LED Ceiling Light 413
3.19.4 Ohyama LED Highbay - OLHB Series For High-Ceiling Facilities 413
3.20 Sharp LED Lighting 414
3.20.1 Sharp Mega Zenigata 415
3.20.2 Sharp Mini Zenigata 415
3.20.3 Sharp Petite Zenigata 415
3.20.4 Sharp Tiger Zenigata 415
3.20.5 Sharp Double Dome 415
3.20.6 Sharp SAE-Series 416
3.20.7 Sharp LED Solutions 416
3.20.8 Sharp LED Proven Technology 416
3.21 Soraa 416
3.21.1 Soraa MR16 - GU5.3 417
3.21.2 Soraa MR16-GU10 418
3.21.3 Soraa PAR30 419
3.21.4 Soraa PAR38 420
3.21.5 Soraa AR111 421
3.22 SunSun Lighting 422
3.22.1 SunSun LED Bulb 422
3.22.2 SunSun LED Spotlight 423
3.22.3 SunSun LED Tube 424
3.22.4 SunSun LED Par Lamp 425
3.22.5 SunSun LED Downlight 426
3.22.6 SunSun LED Desk Lamp 427
3.23 Crep Optoelectronic 428
3.23.1 Crep 3W G45 Led Bulb 428
3.23.2 Crep 4W G50 Led Bulb 430
3.24 Echelon Outdoor lighting 431
3.25 Shenzen Hoyol 433
3.25.1 Hoyol LED Streetlights 433
3.26 Hong Sheng LED Mining Lamp 433
3.27 Jingge LED Light Curtain 435
3.27.1 Jingge LED Light Source 436
3.27.2 Jingge LED Light Strip 437
3.28 Kingbright 439
3.28.1 Kingbright SMD LED 439
3.28.2 Kingbright Top-Emitting PLCC SMD LED 439
3.28.3 Kingbright Reverse Mount SMD LED 439
3.28.4 Kingbright SOT-23 SMD LED 439
3.28.5 Kingbright Subminiature SMD LED 440
3.28.6 Kingbright Top-Emitting Chip SMD LED 440
3.28.7 Kingbright Right Angle SMD LED 440
3.28.8 Kingbright Multi-Color SMD LED 440
3.29 Koizumi 441
3.30 Lextar LED Lighting 444
3.28.1 Lextar Glass LED Tube 444
3.28.2 Lextar Plastic LED Tube 445
3.28.3 Lextar LED Batten 445
3.31 Nichia 445
3.30.1 Nichia UV-LED 445
3.30.2 Nichia Standard LED 445
3.31 Shenzen Wisdom LED 446
3.31.1 Wisdom RL-MR16-9W-2 446
3.31.2 Wisdom RL-MR16-5024 447
3.32 Zumbotel LED Spotlights 447
3.32.1 Zumbotel LED Discus Evolution 448
3.32.2 Zumbotel Vivo LED R 449
3.33 Zytech 449
3.34 Lighting Science Group 451
3.34.1 Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni 451
3.34.2 Lighting Science Group BR20 452
3.34.3 Lighting Science Group DFN19 / A60 453
3.34.4 Lighting Science Group PAR16 454
3.34.5 Lighting Science Group BayLight 455
3.34.6 Lighting Science Group BayLume 457
3.34.7 Lighting Science Group LED Lamps 458
3.35 Solid State Lighting Systems 462
3.35.1 Solid State Lighting Systems Tilelite 463
3.35.2 Solid State Lighting Systems LED Pool Lights 464
3.35.3 Solid State Lighting Systems Quad Tilelite 465
3.36 LED Microsensor NT 466
3.36.1 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range 466
3.36.2 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 467
3.36.3 LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design 469
3.37 Acuity Brands Lighting 470
3.37.1 Acuity Brands Indoor LED Solutions 471
3.37.2 Acuity Brands DOM6 LED 471
3.37.3 Acuity Brands REALITY 6" LED Module 472
3.37.4 Acuity Brands ELM2 LED 473
3.38 Litecontrol 474
3.38.1 Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 474
3.38.2 Litecontrol Aerial 476
3.39 Intematix 477
3.39.1 Intematix ChromaLit™ 477
3.39.2 Intematix LED Phosphors 478
3.40 iWatt 479
3.40.1 iWatt iW1760 479
3.40.2 iWatt iW3630 480
3.41 QD Vision QLEDs 480
3.41.1 QLED Technology In Full-Color Displays And Lighting Devices 484
3.41.2 QD Vision 486
3.41.3 QLEDs -- The Future 486
3.41.4 QD Vision QLED Technology 488
3.42 Prolighting TCP 490
3.42.1 ProLighting LED Light Bulbs 491
3.43 ATG Electronics 503
3.44 Utech LED 505
3.45 Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 507
3.46 GreeneLED 509
3.47 Light KIW 510
3.48 NuVue 511
3.49 Albemarle Light Emitting Diode (LED) and Compound Semiconductor 515
3.50 Larson 517
3.51 Nichia 522
3.52 Toyoda Gosei 524
3.53 Epistar 527

4 LED LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY 532
4.1 LED Technology Analysis 532
4.2 LED Power Supply Architecture and Primary Side Solutions 539
4.2.1 Single Stage 541
4.2.2 Semi-Single Stage 541
4.2.3 Dual Stage 542
4.2.4 Tri Stage 543
4.3 AC/DC LED Lighting Product Solutions 543
4.3.1 Driving the LEDs 545
4.3.2 Linear 547
4.3.3 Buck 547
4.3.4 Flyback 547
4.3.5 DC/DC LED Lighting Product Solutions 548
4.4 A-Lamp LED Bulb Designs - Edison A15, A19, A21 552
4.5 LED A-Lamp Bulb Reference Designs - Edison A15, A19, A21 LED Lamps 553
4.6 Related LED Lighting Design Resources 554
4.7 R/PAR/BR LED Bulb Designs - R20, PAR20, PAR30, PAR38, BR30, BR40, etc. 555
4.8 LED R/PAR/BR Bulb Reference Designs - R20, PAR20, PAR30, PAR38, BR30, BR40, etc. 556
4.9 Related LED Lighting Design Resources 557
4.10 LED Downlight Designs 557
4.11 LED Downlight Reference Designs 558
Related LED Lighting Design Resources 559
4.12 GU10 LED Lighting Reference Designs 559
4.13 GU10 LED Lighting Reference Designs 560
4.14 T8 LED Lighting Reference Designs 561
4.15 T8 LED Lighting Reference Designs 561
4.17 MR16 LED Bulb Designs 562
4.17 MR16 Bulb Reference Designs 562
4.18 AR111 LED Lighting Reference Designs 563
4.19 AR111 LED Lighting Reference Designs 564
4.20 150mm GaN-on-Si templates 564
4.21 Light Emitted Or Absorbed In Discrete Packets Called "Photons" 565
4.21.1 Lighting Brand Standards 566
4.21.2 Light-Emitting Diodes LEDs 566
4.22 Institute of the Edison Foundation IEE Measures LED lamps 568
4.2.2 Utility Investments In Electric Efficiency Programs 571
4.4 LEDs Devices Use Semiconductor Materials 572
4.4.1 TriMethyl Gallium (TMG) 574
4.4.2 Triethylgallium (TEG) 574
4.4.3 Trimethylaluminum (TMA-PG) 574
4.4.4. Trimethylgallium (TMG) 575
4.4.5 LED Colors and Common Chemistries 578
4.4.6 White LEDs 578
3.10.3 GaN-on-Si templatesfor LED Lighting 580
4.4.8 Light Emitting Diode (LED): Compound Semiconductor TriMethyl Aluminum (TMA),TriEthyl Gallium (TEG) and TriMethyl Indium (TMI) 580
4.5 Lighting Controls 581
4.5 LED Environmental Dimension 582
4.5.1 Biologically Effective Lighting 582
4.6 Safety Dimension 587
4.6.1 LED Manufacturing Is A Very Complex And Highly Technical Process 590
4.6.2 Lighting Efficiency Comparison 595
4.7 LED Lighting Standards 596
4.1 'R2D2' Project Improves OLED Manufacture 597
4.1.1 Challenges of OLED Production 598

5 LED LIGHTING COMPANY DESCRIPTION 602
5.1 Acuity Brands Lighting 602
5.1.1 Acuity Strategy 606
5.1.2 Acuity Revenue 607
5.1.3 Acuity Products 608
5.1.4 Acuity Customers 609
5.1.5 Acuity Brands Enhances Popular Lithonia Lighting TWH and TWP Luminaires with LED Technology 611
5.1.6 Acuity North America Lighting Market Shares 612
5.2 Adata 618
5.2.1 ADATA Revenue 618
5.3 Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 619
5.4 Advanced Lighting Technologies 620
5.4.1 APL Engineered Materials 621
5.4.2 Advanced Lighting Technologies / Venture Lighting International / Sunmaster 622
5.4.3 Venture Advanced Lighting Technologies Company 623
5.4.4 Venture Lighting / Sunmaster Light & Plants 623
5.3.5 Venture Lighting / Sunmaster Hydroponic Product Support 624
5.3.6 Venture Lighting / Sunmaster PAR and Plant Response Curve 624
5.3.7 Sunmaster® Comprehensive Supply of HID Lamps 627
5.3.8 Venture Lighting PAR Watts for Plants 629
5.3.9 Venture Lighting Photons 629
5.3.10 Venture Lighting 631
5.3.11 Venture Lighting Global Perspective 632
5.3.12 Venture Lighting Metal Halide Innovator 633
5.3.13 Venture Lighting International / Sunmaster 634
5.4 Aixtron 635
5.4.1 Aixtron LED Lighting 636
5.4.2 Aixtron Electronics Innovation Technologies 636
5.4.3 Aixtron Made in Germany” Technologies 637
5.4.4 Plessey Semiconductor Expands GaN-on-Silicon LED Production Using Aixtron Technology 637
5.5 Albemarle 638
5.5.1 Albemarle Catalysts 644
5.5.2 Albemarle Discussion 644
5.5.3 Albemarle Discovery in Lithium Carbonate Production 649
5.5.4. Albemarle Commercial Technology Services 649
5.5.5 Albemarle Pretreat Catalysts 654
5.5.6 Albemarle Catalysts 655
5.6 ATG Electronics 658
5.7 Avances Lumínicos Plus S.A. de C.V 659
5.6 AU Optronics / Lextar Electronics 659
5.8 Black Dog LED 660
5.8.1 Black Dog LED Platinum xl vs. 1000w Hid:Total Cost Of Ownership Analysis 661
5.9 Bridgelux 664
5.9.1 Bridgelux Revenue 667
5.10 CE Lighting 667
5.11 Cree 668
5.11.1 Cree Reportable Segments 670
5.11.2 Cree Revenue 671
5.11.3 Cree LED Lighting 676
5.11.4 Cree Power and Wireless Devices 677
5.11.5 Cree Sets R&D Performance Record with 276 Lumen-Per-Watt Power LED 678
5.11.6 Cree Business 678
5.11.7 Cree LED Lighting Products 679
5.11.8 Cree LED Chips 680
5.11.9 Cree LED Components 680
5.11.10 Cree LED Research and Development 684
5.12 Crep Optoelectronics 684
5.13 Daystar 685
5.14 Delta Group 686
5.14.1 Delta Power Supplies 686
5.14.2 Delta World- 687
5.14.3 Delta Group Plant Factory Control Systems 688
5.14.4 Delta Group Data Center Power 689
5.14.5 Delta Group Renewable Energy Solutions 692
5.14.6 Delta Group Revenue 693
5.15 DMX Tecnologias SA DE CV High Power LED Streetlights in Latin America 698
5.16 Echelon 699
5.17 Emcore 702
5.17.1 Emcore Broadband: 704
5.18 ENDO 705
5.18.1 Endo Business Environment 706
5.18.2 Endo Strategy 706
5.18.3 Endo Technology 712
5.19 Epistar 713
5.19.1 Epistar Revenue 716
5.19.2 Epistar Leads the LED Era 718
5.20 Everlight 719
5.20.1 Everlight Business 719
5.20.2 Everlight Revenue 720
5.20.3 Everlight LED Grow Lights Gl Flora 721
5.20.4 Everlight LED Lifestyle Lights 721
5.20.5 Everlight Electronics LED Innovation 722
5.21 GE Lighting Solutions 722
5.21.1 General Electric Lighting 724
5.21.2 GE Tetra EdgeStrip and Tetra miniStrip 724
5.21.3 GE Evolve LED Fixtures Reduce Auto Dealership's Energy Costs by $49,000 Annually 725
5.21.4 GE Scorecard 727
5.21.5 GE Manufactures Electrical Distribution And Control Products, Lighting And Power Panels, Switchgear And Circuit Breakers 730
5.21.6 GE Home & Business Solutions 730
5.21.7 GE Offers Major Home Appliances 731
5.21.8 GE Lamps 731
5.21.9 GE Lighting Solutions 732
5.21.10 GE Healthcare 732
5.21.11 GE Healthcare Regional P&Ls 733
5.21.12 GE Key Medical Care Areas: Cardiology 734
5.21.13 GE Neurology 735
5.21.14 GE Emergency Medicine 735
5.21.15 GE Oncology 736
5.21.16 GE Women’s Health 736
5.21.17 GE Healthcare Oxygen Humidifier 737
5.21.18 GE Healthcare Air/O2 Blender 740
5.21.19 GE M2100 Air/O2 Blender 741
5.21.20 GE Invests $100 Million to Grow its LED Lighting Business; Forms New Strategic Alliance 742
5.21.21 GE Supports Innovation 744
5.21.22 General Electric Offers Wind Turbine Customers Clean Energy From Solar Panels 744
5.22 General Hydroponics 746
5.21 Genesis Photonics (GPI) 746
5.21.1 Genesis Photonics Year 2014 Revenue 747
5.21.2 Genesis Photonics 3D COB 747
5.22 GYLED 748
5.22.1 GYLED LED Lights 750
5.22.2 GYLED Grille LED Lights 751
5.22.3 Shanxi Guangyu LED Lighting Co. Ltd. Certifications 753
5.23 Harvatek 755
5.24 Hon Hai 756
5.24.1 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co. Ltd. 756
5.24.2 Hon Hai Precision Industry Ltd / Foxconn 756
5.24.3 Hon Hai Group Plant Factories 757
5.24.4 Hon Hai Partners 758
5.24.5 Hon Hai Establishes First LED Street Light Production Line in Guizhou 759
5.25 Hong Sheng 760
5.26 IEE 762
5.27 Intematix 762
5.27.1 Intematix Remote Phosphor Takes Lead in LED High Bay Lighting Performance 763
5.27.2 Intematix Phosphor Technology 764
5.27.3 Intematix ChromaLit™ Technology 765
5.28 Iwasaki Electric 768
5.28.1 Iwasaki Revenue 768
5.28.2 Iwasaki’s Quality Oriented Culture 769
5.28.3 Iwasaki EYE Hortilux™ 770
5.28.4 EYE Lighting International of North America 784
5.29 iWatt 785
5.29.1 iWatt Flickerless™ SSL LED Driver is Optimized for Commercial Lighting and Wireless Lighting 786
5.30 Jingge LED 789
5.31 Kingbright 790
5.32 Kingsun 791
5.32.1 Kingsun Ranked First in Ten Lighting Brands of 2013 GG-Golden Ball Award 792
5.32.2 Kingsun Won The Bid Of 12.56 Million Rail Transit Lamps Procurement to Increase Market Share 793
5.33 Koizumi 793
5.33.1 Koizumi Market Positioning 794
5.34 Larson 794
5.34.1 Larson Electronics 150 Watt LED Light Fixture that operates on 347/480VAC 805
5.35 LED Microsensor NT 806
5.35.1 LED Microsensor NT Technology 806
5.35.2 LED Microsensor NT Quality 808
5.36 AU Optronics / Lextar Electronics 808
5.36.1 Lextar 809
5.37 Lighting Science Group 809
5.37.1 IEE Names Lighting Science(R) to Top Ten LED Lamp List 811
5.37.2 Lighting Science Group Files Patents 812
5.37.3 Lighting Science Group Business 812
5.37.4 Lighting Science Group Customers 813
5.37.5 Lighting Science Group Products 814
5.37.6 Lighting Science Group Target Markets And Customers 816
5.37.7 Lighting Science Group Strategic Plan 819
5.37.8 Lighting Science Issues Recall of 554,000 LED Bulbs Because Of Fire Hazard 819
5.38 Lightkiwi, LLC. 820
5.39 Litecontrol 821
5.39.1 Litecontrol Mission 821
5.39.2 Litecontrol Aerial Boasts Direct-specific Optical Design 822
5.40 Lite-On Group / Leotek 823
5.40.1 SMD LED Lite-On Group / Leotek 826
5.40.2 Lite-On Technology Revenue 829
5.41 Lowcled 831
5.42 Mitsubishi / Verbatim 832
5.42.1 Verbatim Brand 832
5.42.2 Verbatim LED Developments 833
5.43 Newport Corporation / ILX Lightwave 833
5.43.1 Newport Markets 835
5.43.2 Newport Corporation / ILX Lightwave 836
5.43.3 ILX Lightwave Product Innovation 837
5.44 Nichia 838
5.44.1 Nichia Patent Actions 839
5.45 Nihon Advanced Agri Corporation 841
5.45.1 Nihon Advanced Agri Evolves Agriculture Into Cosmetics And Wellness 842
5.45.2 Nihon Advanced Agri 844
5.45.3 Nihon Advanced Agri Business Description 844
5.45.4 Nihon Advanced Agri Features 845
5.45.5 Nihon Advanced Agri Plant Factory Business 846
5.45.6 Nihon Advanced Agri Ceramics 847
5.46 Osram 849
5.46.1 OSRAM Licht AG 850
5.46.2 Osram Sylvania 851
5.46.3 Osram Sylvania Automotive Lighting 853
5.46.4 Osram Sylvania General Lighting 853
5.46.5 Osram Sylvania Electronic Control Systems 854
5.46.6 Osram Sylvania Display / Optic Lighting 854
5.46.7 Osram Sylvania Canada 855
5.46.8 Osram Sylvania Basic Data 855
5.46.9 Osram Revenue Segments 858
5.46.10 Osram Revenue by Segments 860
5.47 Ohyama / Ohyama Lights 861
5.48 Ozu Corporation 861
5.49 Panasonic 862
5.49.1 Panasonic Global FY 2015 2Q Financial Results 863
5.49.2 Panasonic: Technical Computer Solutions For Business 864
5.49.3 Panasonic: TV 865
5.50 Phihong Hihong introduces 40w LED Drivers With A New Case & Optional 0-10v Dimming 866
5.50.1 Phihong A World Leader 867
5.50.2 Phihong Lighting Controls 868
5.51 Philips Lumileds 872
5.51.1 Philips Lumileds 874
5.51.2 Philips LED Products 876
5.51.3 Philips Lumileds Quality White Lighting with LEDs 877
5.51.4 Philips Luxeon® 878
5.51.5 Philips Lighting Positioning 881
5.51.6 Royal Philips Electronics Global Presence 881
5.51.7 Philips Enables Consumer Lifestyle 883
5.51.8 Philips Addresses Healthcare Landscape 884
5.51.9 Philips Healthcare Revenue 890
5.51.10 Philips Accelerate! Positioning 891
5.52 Plessey Semiconductors 892
5.52 Pluz S.A. de C.V. / NuVue 895
5.52.1 NuVue 895
5.53 Prolighting TCP 897
5.54 QD Vision 897
5.55 Rambridge 899
5.56 Ringdale ActiveLED® 900
5.57 Samsung 900
5.57.1 Samsung 901
5.57.2 Samsung Strategic Change 902
5.57.3 Samsung Revenue 902
5.57.4 Samsung Apps 904
5.57.5 Samsung Display and Information Technology Innovations 904
5.57.6 Samsung Cameras: Consumer-Inspired Design 904
5.57.7 Samsung Creating a Future Home Entertainment TV 905
5.58 Sengled 906
5.58.1 Sengled Smart LED Lights 907
5.58.2 Sengled Pulse 7.1 LED + Wireless Audio System (C01-BR30 lamp) 908
5.58.3 Sengled Boost LED + Wi-Fi repeater (A01-A60 LED Lamp) 909
5.58.4 Sengled LED Lights 909
5.59 Sharp 915
5.60 Shenzhen Hongsheng Optoelectronic Co., Ltd 917
5.61 Shenzen Hoyol 918
5.62 Shenzhen LEDTEK Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. 919
5.63 Shenzhen Wisdom 920
5.64 Siemens 921
5.64.1 Siemens Computed Tomography - Multislice CT 922
5.64.2 Siemens Financial Transparency 925
5.64.3 Siemens Urban Development Center - The Crystal - In London - Exhibition Dedicated To Cities 925
5.64.4 Siemens No. 1 in Sustainability - Carbon Disclosure 925
5.64.5 Siemens Revenue Growth in Challenging Markets 926
5.64.6 Siemens Supplies 300 Offshore Wind Turbines to DONG Energy - 926
5.64.7 Siemens Energy Sector 927
5.64.8 Siemens / Radium 927
5.65 Solid State Lighting Systems 927
5.66 Sony 928
5.66.1 Sony HD OLED panels 931
5.67 SolarMax 932
5.68 Soraa 935
5.69 Sunleaves Garden Products 937
5.70 Sunlight Supply 939
5.70.1 Sun System Grow Lights For Indoor And Greenhouse Gardening 940
5.71 SunSun Lighting 940
5.72 Taiwan Floriculture Exports Association 942
5.73 Tatung 944
5.73.1 Tatung Eyes LED Plant Factories as New Growth Driver 944
5.74 TCP 945
5.75 Thorlabs 945
5.75.1 Thorlabs Acquires QCL Manufacturer Maxion Technologies 946
5.75.2 Maxion Technologies 947
5.75.3 Maxion Technologies 948
5.75.4 Maxion Technologies 950
5.75.5 Maxion and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County 952
5.76 TOA Lighting 953
5.76 Toshiba LED Lighting 954
5.76.1 Toshiba Corporation 955
5.76.2 Toshiba International Corporation 956
5.76.3 LED Lighting Systems Division 956
5.76.4 Toshiba World-Leading Diversified Manufacturer 957
5.76.5 Toshiba Medical Systems 958
5.76.6 Toshiba America Medical Systems 960
5.77 Toyoda Gosei 961
5.78 USALight 965
5.79 Zumtobel 965
5.80 Zytech 966
List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 46 LED Lamps and Bulbs Market Driving Forces 46
Table ES-2 50 LED Light Durability Drives Market Growth 50
Table ES-3 51 Illumination Grade White LED Light Sources Quality 51
Table ES-4 53 LED Lighting Products Benefits 53
Figure ES-5 55 Light Emitting DIode (LED) Light Market Shares, Dollars, 2014 55
Figure ES-6 57 LED Light Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2020 57
Figure 1-1 58 LED Market Dynamics 58
Table 1-1 62 LED System Dimension 62
Table 1-2 63 LED Design Dimension 63
Figure 1-3 64 LED Design Strength 64
Table 1-4 65 LED Quality Standards 65
Figure 1-5 66 LED Quality Dimension: Standards and Regulations 66
Table 1-6 67 LED Backlight TV/monitor - LEDs Used For Screen Lighting 67
Figure 1-7 68 Types of LED Commercial Lighting 68
Figure 1-8 69 Bridgelux LED Commercial Lighting 69
Table 1-9 71 LED Array Features 71
Table 1-10 72 LED Array Benefits 72
Table 1-11 73 LED Module Advantage 73
Table 1-12 73 LED Module Applications 73
Figure 1-13 76 Life-Cycle Assessment Impacts of the Lighting Lamps Analyzed Relative to Incandescent 76
Figure 1-14 78 Life-Cycle Assessment Impacts of the LED Lighting Lamps Analyzed Relative to Impacts Relative To The CFL 78
Figure 1-15 79 Lifecycle Energy Use of Different Lights 79
Figure 1-16 80 LCA Framework 80
Figure 1-17 81 System Boundaries of LED Lifecycle Analysis 81
Figure 1-18 82 Comparison of MOCVD Reactor Tray, 6” vs. 2” 82
Table 1-19 83 LCA Inventory for the 12.5 Watt LED Lamp in 2012 Stage 83
Table 2-1 93 LED Lamps and Bulbs Market Driving Forces 93
Table 2-2 97 LED Light Durability Drives Market Growth 97
Table 2-3 98 Illumination Grade White LED Light Sources Quality 98
Table 2-4 100 LED Lighting Products Benefits 100
Figure 2-5 102 Light Emitting DIode (LED) Light Market Shares, Dollars, 2014 102
Table 2-6 103 LED Lights Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013, 2014 103
Table 2-7 104 LED Lights Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, First Three Quarters 2014 104
Figure 2-8 105 LED Lighting Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, First Three Quarters 2014 105
Table 2-9 108 Philips Limileds LUXEON A Features 108
Table 2-10 118 Acuity Brands Organic Growth Initiative 118
Figure 2-11 119 Acuity LED Sales as a Percent of Total Sales 119
Figure 2-12 122 Albemarle LED Positioning 122
Figure 2-13 130 LED Light Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 130
Table 2-14 131 LED Lighting Market Shipment Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 131
2014-2020 131 Figure 2-15 132
LED Light Ship ments Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 132
Table 2-16 133 LED Lighting Market Shipment Segment Forecasts, Commerical, Outdoor, Traffic Light,
Automotive, Residential A, and Residential Par, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 133
Table 2-16 (Continued) 134 LED Lighting Market Shipment Segment Forecasts, Commerical, Outdoor, Traffic Light,
Automotive, Residential A, and Residential Par, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 134
Table 2-16 (Continued) 135 LED Lighting Market Shipment Segment Forecasts, Commerical, Outdoor, Traffic Light,
Automotive, Residential A, and Residential Par, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 135
Figure 2-17 136 LED Floodlights 136
Figure 2-18 137 Outdoor Municipal Street Lights LED Lights 137
Figure 2-19 139 LED Outdoor Light Shipments Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 139
Figure 2-20 140 LED Outdoor Light Shipments Market Forecasts, Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 140
Figure 2-21 142 LED Commerical Light Shipments Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 142
Figure 2-22 143 LED Commerical Light Shipments Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 143
Table 2-23 145 LED PAR Residential Light Features: 145
Figure 2-24 146 LED PAR Lights 146
Figure 2-25 147 LED Residential PAR Light Shipments Market Forecasts 147
Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 147 Figure 2-26 148
LED PAR Residential Light Shipments Market Forecasts 148
Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 148
Figure 2-27 LED Residential A Bulb 149
Figure 2-28 LED Residential A and Other Lights Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 150
Figure 2-29 LED Residential A and Other Light Shipments Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 151
Figure 2-30 Automotive Ultra Bright SMD LED Light Bulb Towers 155
Figure 2-31 LED Automotive Light Shipments Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 156
Figure 2-32 LED Automotive Light Shipments Market Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 157
Figure 2-33 LED Traffic Lights Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 159
Figure 2-34 LED Traffic Lights Market Forecasts, Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 160
Figure 2-35 Typical LED bulbs 162
Figure 2- 36 LED Lighting Market Channel Segment Forecasts, Electrical Wlolesalers, Home Centers, and Utilities, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 166
Figure 2-36 (Continued) LED Lighting Market Channel Segment Forecasts, Electrical Wlolesalers, Home Centers, and Utilities, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 167
Figure 2-36 (Continued) LED Lighting Market Channel Segment Forecasts, Electrical Wlolesalers, Home Centers, and Utilities, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 168
Figure 2-37 LED Light Addressable Market Penetration, Market Forecasts Percent, Worldwide, 2013-2019 170
Figure 2-38 LED Lights, Units, Shipments, Installed Base, and Market Penetration, Worldwide, 2013-2019 172
Figure 2-39 Area/street LED Lighting Block Diagram 174
Figure 2-40 Cost DIfferences, LED Light vs. Incandescent, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 175
Figure 2-41 Comparison of LED vs. Incandescent Overall Costs for 50,000 Hours of Luminscence, Dollars, 2012 176
Table 2-42 LED Lights ROI Analysis Dollars, Worldwide, 2012 178
Figure 2-43 Incandescent Light Bulb Costs for 50,000 Hours of Light, Dollars, 2012 179
Figure 2-44 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Market Segments, Dollars, 2012 180
Figure 2-45 Incandescent and LED Lighting ROI Comparison, Energy, Maintenance, and Investment Dollars, Worldwide, 2012 181
Figure 2-46 Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps Increasing Over Time 182
Table 2-47 LED Lighting Business Models Shift 184
Table 2-48 Mega Trends: LED Market Adoption 185
Table 2-49 LED Uses: Backlight TV/monitor - LEDs Used For Screen Lighting 186
Table 2-22 LED Markets, Lighting, LCD and TV Displays, Automotive, Cell Phones, Notebooks, Tablets and Displays, Dollars and Units Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 186
Figure 2-50 Common Uses of Reflector Lamps 190
Table 2-51 Lighting Energy Dimension 192
Figure 2-52 Led Driver Units 195
Figure 2-53 LED Light Bulbs E26 / E27 3W EcoNorm 202
Figure 2-54 LED Lighting Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 213
Table 2-55 LED Lighting Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 214
Table 2-56 LED Global Lighting Trends 215
Table 2-57 Cree Revenue by Country Percent, Worldwide, 2007-2012 223
Figure 3-1 GE RDL Range 228
Figure 3-2 GE Tetra Range 229
Figure 3-3 GE LED Cove Lighting 230
Table 3-4 GE's LED Cove Long run Fixture System Features 231
Table 3-5 GE LED Benefits 231
Figure 3-6 GE Infusion™ M4500 Series 232
Table 3-7 GE Infusion™ M4500 Series Features & Benefits 233
Figure 3-8 GE Infusion™ NPM Series 234
Table 3-9 GE Infusion™ NPM Series Retail, Galleries, And Other Display Applications Features & Benefits 235
Figure 3-10 GE Infusion™ DLM LED Series 236
Table 3-11 GE Infusion™ DLM LED Series Applications 237
Table 3-12 GE Infusion™ DLM Series Features & Benefits 238
Figure 3-13 GE Start GLS Bulb 239
Figure 3-14 GE Infusion™ NPM Series 240
Table 3-15 GE Benefits Of White Light 242
Table 3-16 GE White LED Light Functions 243
Figure 3-17 GE Okapi LED 243
Table 3-18 GE Okapi LED Lumin Features 244
Figure 3-19 GE ERS LED 244
Table 3-20 GE ERS LED Scalable Fixtures 245
Figure 3-21 GE LED Area Lighter 246
Figure 3-22 GE LED Area Lighter Features 247
Figure 3-23 GE Iberia LED 248
Table 3-24 GE Iberia LED Functions 249
Figure 3-25 GE Duna LED 250
Table 3-26 GE Duna LED Features 251
Figure 3-27 GE Tetra AL10 253
Table 3-28 GE Tetra AL10 Features 254
Table 3-29 GE Tetra® miniMAX Features 255
Figure 3-30 GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series 256
Table 3-31 GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series Features 257
Figure 3-32 Osram City Lighting 260
Figure 3-33 Osram LED Trend: Roadway Lighting, Attractive City Design 261
Figure 3-34 Osram Street Lighting Savings ROI 263
Figure 3-35 Osram OLED Orbeos 265
Table 3-36 Osram OLED Orbeos Product Benefits 266
Table 3-37 Osram OLED Orbeos Areas of Application 266
Figure 3-38 Osram LEAF-Pendant LED 267
Figure 3-39 Osram LEAF-Pendant LED Functions 268
Figure 3-40 Osram Noxlite LED Spot 269
Figure 3-41 Osram Noxlite LED Spot Functions 270
Figure 3-42 Osram Pursos 271
Figure 3-43 Osram Pursos Features 272
Figure 3-44 Osram OPTOTRONIC Constant Current LED Power Supplies with LEDset 273
Table 3-45 Osram OPTOTRONIC Constant Current LED Power Supplies with LEDset Features 274
Figure 3-46 Osram Sylvania Integrated LED Lamps 275
Figure 3-47 Osram Sylvania LED Modules & Arrays 276
Table 3-48 Samsung LED Components Advantages 278
Figure 3-49 Samsung LED High Power 279
Figure 3-50 Samsung LED Candle 281
Figure 3-51 Samsung LED Reflector 283
Figure 3-52 Samsung LED Light Bulb 284
Table 3-53 Philips Luxeon High Power LEDs Benefits 286
Table 3-54 Philips Limileds LUXEON A Features 290
Table 3-55 Philips Limileds SignalSure Uses 291
Table 3-56 Philips Limileds SnapLED Uses 292
Table 3-57 Philips LUXEON® 3535 2D Mid-Power LED Features 293
Figure 3-58 Mitsubshi LED Light Source Equipped with RGB 295
Figue 3-59 Mitsubshi LED and Lamp Light Source Range 296
Table 3-60 Verbatim BR30 LED Bulb 297
Table 3-61 Toshiba offers TLS-RTLS and TLS-RTLM LED Roadway Lighting Features 299
Table 3-62 Toshiba LED Lighting Features 301
Table 3-63 Toshiba LED Lighting Applications - 302
Table 3-64 Toshiba LED Lighting Construction - 302
Table 3-65 Toshiba LED Lighting Mounting - 303
Table 3-66 Toshiba LED Lighting Optics - 304
Table 3-67 Toshiba Roadway LED Key Benefits 306
Table 3-68 Toshiba LED Lamps 307
Table 3-69 Toshiba 220-240V LED Lighting Features 311
Figure 3-70 Toshiba g25 LED Bulb 312
Table 3-71 Toshiba G25 LED Products 313
Table 3-72 Toshiba g25 LED Features 314
Table 3-73 Toshiba DMT6 LED Downlight Features 315
Table 3-74 Toshiba TLS-DCA6 & TLS-DCA8 LED Downlight Features 316
Table 3-75 Toshiba TLS-WP LED Wallpack Lighting Features 317
Table 3-76 Toshiba TLS-ATLS and TLS-ATLM LED Area Lighting Features 318
Figure 3-77 Adata LED Modules 319
Table 3-78 Adata LED Chip Benefits 320
Figure 3-79 Adata Omnidirectional LED Bulb 321
Table 3-80 Adata 270∘Wide Angle Bulb Design Benefits 322
Table 3-81 Adata LED Bulb Indoor Application Environments 323
Figure 3-82 Adata LED Tulip Lamp 324
Figure 3-83 Adata Tunnel Light 325
Figure 3-84 Adata Projection Light 326
Figure 3-85 Adata Warning Light 327
Figure 3-86 Adata High Bay Light 329
Figure 3-87 Adata High Bay Light Features 330
Figure 3-88 Adata Gas Station Light 331
Figure 3-89 Adata Gas Station Light Features 332
Figure 3-90 Bridgelux LED Arrays 333
Figure 3-91 Bridgelux OLM Series 334
Table 3-92 Bridgelux Vero Series Features 335
Table 3-93 Bridgelux Vero Series Benefits 336
Table 3-94 Bridgelux OLM Advantage 337
Table 3-95 Bridgelux Vero Series Applications 338
Figure 3-96 Bridgelux Vero Series 339
Table 3-97 Bridgelux Vero Features 340
Table 3-98 Bridgelux Vero Benefits 341
Table 3-99 Bridgelux Vero Advantage 341
Table 3-100 Bridgelux Vero Applications 342
Figure 3-101 Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series 342
Table 3-102 Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series Functions 343
Figure 3-103 Bridgelux V Series 344
Table 3-104 LED Retrofit Bulb Applications 345
Figure 3-105 Bridgelux BXRA3 Series 345
Table 3-106 Bridgelux BXRA3 LED Array Features 346
Table 3-107 Bridgelux BXRA3 LED Benefits 347
Table 3-108 Bridgelux BXRA3 LED Applications 347
Table 3-109 Bridgelux LED Chips 348
Figure 3-110 Bridgelux LS Arrays 349
Table 3-111 Bridgelux LS ArraysFeatures 350
Figure 3-112 Bridgelux ES Arrays 351
Table 3-113 Bridgelux ES Arrays Features 352
Figure 3-114 Bridgelux RS Arrays 353
Figure 3-115 Bridgelux RS Arrays Features 354
Figure 3-116 Cree Standard A-Type 355
Figure 3-117 Cree Reflector (Flood/Spot) 356
Figure 3-118 Cree CR80-650L Deep Recess LED Downlight 357
Figure 3-119 Cree CR4 358
Figure 3-120 Cree 304 Series Interior 359
Figure 3-121 Delta Light Engines & Modules 360
Figure 3-122 Delta LED Lamp and Tube EMS 361
Figure 3-123 Delta Highbay 362
Figure 3-124 Delta Canopy 363
Figure 3-125 Delta Parking Garage 364
Figure 3-126 Delta Parkway Lighting 365
Figure 3-127 Delta High Lumen Street Lighting 366
Figure 3-128 Everlight 2835 Package (0.2W) 367
Figure 3-129 Everlight 5630D Package (0.5W) 368
Figure 3-130 Everlight Shwo (1W, 3W) 369
Table 3-131 Leotek CIL and CD Series LED Pedestrian Countdown Signal Modules Features 371
Table 3-132 Leotek LED Railroad Grade Crossing Signal Features 372
Table 3-133 Ledtek LEDs 377
Figure 3-134 GYLED Lights 383
Table 3-135 Plessey Solid-State LED Lighting Functions 399
Table 3-136 Plessey LEDs for Solid-State Lighting Benefits 400
Figure 3-137 Plessey Semiconductor LED Positioning 401
Figure 3-138 Kingsun LED Street Light 403
Table 3-139 Kingsun-LED Street Light Types 405
Figure 3-140 Kingsun Optoelectronic Flow Chart 409
Figure 3-141 Kingsun LED Lens Quantity 410
Figure 3-142 Kingsun-LED Courtyard Light 411
Figure 3-143 Echelon Outdoor Lighting Systems 432
Figure 3-144 Koizumi LED Lighting Targets Store Lighting 442
Figure 3-145 Koizumi LED Lighting Positioning 443
Figure 3-146 Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni 451
Table 3-147 Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni Features 452
Figure 3-148 Lighting Science Group BR20 452
Figure 3-149 Lighting Science Group DFN19 / A60 453
Figure 3-150 Lighting Science Group PAR16 454
Figure 3-151 Lighting Science Group BayLight 455
Table 3-152 Lighting Science Group BayLight Features 456
Figure 3-153 Lighting Science Group BayLume 457
Table 3-154 Lighting Science Group BayLume Features 458
Figure 3-155 Lighting Science Group LED Lights 459
Figure 3-156 Lighting Science Group LED Lights 460
Table 3-157 Lighting Science Group MR16 GU10 Features 461
Figure 3-158 Solid State Lighting Systems Tilelite 463
Figure 3-159 Solid State Lighting Systems LED Pool Lights 464
Figure 3-160 Solid State Lighting Systems Quad Tilelite 465
Figure 3-161 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range 466
Table 3-162 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range Features 467
Figure 3-163 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 468
Table 3-164 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 469
Figure 3-165 LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design 469
Table 3-166 LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design Features 470
Figure 3-167 Acuity Brands DOM6 LED 471
Figure 3-168 Acuity Brands REALITY 6" LED Module 472
Figure 3-169 Acuity Brands ELM2 LED 473
Figure 3-170 Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 474
Table 3-171 Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 475
Figure 3-172 Litecontrol Aerial 476
Figure 3-173 Intematix ChromaLit™ 477
Table 3-174 Intematix ChromaLit™ 478
Table 3-175 QLED Benefits For The Solid State Lighting 481
Figure 3-176 QD Vision QLED performance 483
Table 3-177 QLED Technology Benefits In Color Displays / Lighting Devices 485
Figure 3-178 QD Vision QLEDS 487
Table 3-179 QLED Features 488
Figure 3-180 Prolighting TCP LEDs 490
Figure 3-181 Prolighting TCP LEDs 492
Figure 3-182 ATG Electronics LEDs 504
Figure 3-183 Utech Led Accessories 505
Figure 3-184 Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 508
Figure 3-185 GreeneLED Sample Products 509
Figure 3-186 Lightkiwi, LLC. LED Lights 510
Figure 3-187 NuVue MR16 6*1W (7W )Max 511
Figure 3-188 NuVue.LED 512
Figure 3-189 Albemarle LED Positioning. 516
Figure 3-190 Larson Electronics Tower LED Lights 519
Figure 3-191 Nichia LED Series Offerings 523
Figure 3-192 Toyoda Gosei Blue LED Technology Products 525
Figure 3-193 Toyoda Gosei LED Solutions 526
Figure 3-194 Toyoda Gosei Amusement Equipment LED Solutions 527
Figure 3-195 Epistar LEDs Lighting Arrangement 528
Figure 3-196 Epistar LED Lighting Potential 529
Figure 3-197 Epistar LED Lighting Decorations 530
Figure 3-198 Epistar LED Lighting 531
Table 4-1 LED Lighting Market Technology Segment Forecasts, InGaN Low Power, InGaN Mid Power, InGaN Hi Power InGaAIP Low Power, InGaAIP Mid Power,and InGaAIP Hi Power, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 532
Table 4-1 (Continued) LED Lighting Market Technology Segment Forecasts, InGaN Low Power, InGaN Mid Power, InGaN Hi Power InGaAIP Low Power, InGaAIP Mid Power,and InGaAIP Hi Power, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 533
Table 4-1 (Continued) LED Lighting Market Technology Segment Forecasts, InGaN Low Power, InGaN Mid Power, InGaN Hi Power InGaAIP Low Power, InGaAIP Mid Power,and InGaAIP Hi Power, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 534
Table 4-2 Plessey LEDs for Solid-State Lighting Benefits 535
Figure 4-3 Albemarle Projected LED Materials Growth 538
Figure 4-4 LED Power Supply Architectures 540
Figure 4-5 IEE Top Ten LED Lamp List, 2013 569
Figure 4-6 Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps 570
Table 4-7 Utility Investments In Electric Efficiency Programs 571
Figure 4-8 Albemarle Well Positioned To Thrive As LED Market Adoption Occurs 573
Figure 4-9 Gains from Disruptive Manufacturing Technologies: GaN-on-GaN, GaN-on-Si 575
Figure 4-10 Soraa Inc LED Large Surface Area To Junction Area 577
Table 4-11 LED Colors and Common Chemistries 578
Figure 4-12 Global Lighting Association Solid State Lighting SSL Performance Roadmap 579
Figure 4-13 LED Lighting Controls 581
Table 4-14 LED Environmental Dimension 582
Table 4-15 Biologically Effective Lighting 583
Table 4-16 LED Light Benefits 584
Table 4-17 LED Biological Dimension Implementation 585
Figure 4-18 LED Biological Dimension Illustration 586
Figure 4-19 General Types of White Light Emitting Diodes LEDs 588
Figure 4-20 Stages And The Major Steps of LED Manufacturing 591
Figure 4-21 Steps Associated with Sapphire Wafer Substrate Manufacture 593
Figure 4-22 Philips Example of Finished Packaged LED 594
Figure 4-23 Efficacy of Conventional Light Sources Versus LEDs. 595
Figure 4-24 ATG Electronics Standards Compliance 596
Figure 4-25 Flexible OLED Lighting Systems 597
Figure 4-26 Flexible OLEDs Made By Roll-To-Roll Manufacturing 599
Table 4-27 Aims of OLED Production 600
Table 4-28 Challenges of OLED Production 600
Figure 5-1 Acuity Target Customsers 610
Figure 5-2 Acuity North America Lighting Market Shares 612
Figure 5-3 Acuity Strategy 613
Figure 5-4 Acuity Organic Growth Strategy 614
Figure 5-5 Acuity Tiered Solution Strategy 615
Figure 5-6 Acuity Market Opportunity in Lighting 616
Figure 5-7 Acuity Acquisition Strategy 617
Figure 5-8 Venture Lighting International Human Eye Response Curve 625
Figure 5-9 Venture Lighting / Sunmaster Plant Response Curve 626
Figure 5-10 Venture Lighting Efficiencies of Light Sources Used in Plant Growth 628
Figure 5-11 Albemarle Well Positioned To Thrive As LED Market Adoption Occurs 642
Table 5-12 Albemarle Business Segments 645
Figure 5-13 Albemarle Refinery Catalyst Solutions 646
Figure 5-14 Albemarle Performance Catalyst Solutions 647
Figure 5-15 Albemarle Global Expansion 648
Table 5-16 Albemarle Process Additives 651
Figure 5-17 Black Dog LED Platinum XL ROI Cost Savings Running Total 663
Table 5-18 Cree Licensees And The License Description 673
Table 5-19 Cree Lighting Portfolio Of Lighting Products Applications. 682
Table 5-20 Cree LED Research and Development Issues 683
Figure 5-21 Delta Group Data Center Power 689
Figure 5-22 Delta Group Data Center Power Infrasuite Components 690
Table 5-23 Delta Group InfraSuite Advantages 691
Figure 5-24 Delta Group Renewable Energy Solutions 692
Figure 5-19 Endo LEDZ Lighting Brightness Retention 710
Figure 5-20 Endo Service Life Of White LEDs 711
Figore 5-25 Epistar Management’s Beliefs 714
Figure 5-26 Epistar Headquarters 715
Figure 5-27 GE Scorecard 2013, 2012 727 



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